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  1. Ocean Colour: Essential climate variables

    Ocean colour remote sensing primarily aims to derive the spectrum of marine surface reflectance from satellite observations. In turn, marine reflectance can be used to determine inherent optical properties (absorption and back-scattering coefficients) and ...

    20 March 2015

  2. Piracy, maritime awareness and risks

    As one of the EU initiatives to ensure maritime security and counter piracy, the JRC helps African authorities – in the context of the Piracy, Maritime Awareness and Risks- Maritime Security (PMAR-MASE) project – to build up their own capacities for marit ...

    01 October 2015

  3. Monitoring container traffic and analysing risk

    90% of the world's cargo is transported in maritime containers, but only 2% is physically inspected by customs authorities, opening the possibility for illicit activities. Today, it is widely believed that the only viable way to control containerised ...

    02 September 2015

  4. Maritime surveillance

    Maritime surveillance is essential for creating maritime awareness ('knowing what is happening at sea'). With its competencies in space technologies and data fusion, the JRC contributes to the implementation of the Integrated Maritime Policy, in ...

    01 September 2015

  5. Maritime safety and security

    Maritime transport enables trade and contacts between all the European nations and provides the main vehicle for European imports and exports to the rest of the world. Almost 90% of the EU external freight trade is seaborne, while short sea shipping repre ...

    01 September 2015

  6. Data exchange standardisation for maritime surveillance

    Currently, EU and national authorities responsible for different aspects of maritime surveillance – such as border control, safety and security, fisheries control, customs, environment or defence – collect data separately and often do not share them betwe ...

    01 September 2015

  7. Coastal and marine environment

    The coastal and marine environment is a major provider of goods and services, such as food, fossil fuels, construction materials, transport and recreation. It also hosts an invaluable biodiversity that forms complex ecosystems which are threatened by huma ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Fisheries and Aquaculture

    Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also tourism and trade are key sectors of the EU economy. The EU fishing industry is the fourth largest in the wo ...

    21 August 2014

  9. Proficiency test demonstrates state of the art in determination of trace elements in seawater

    11 May 2016 JRC scientists organised a proficiency test for the determination of 12 trace elements in seawater for 46 laboratories from 26 different countries. The results showed that analysis of low concentration levels of the trace elements combined wit ...

    11 May 2016

  10. An integrated EU policy for the Arctic adopted

    27 Apr 2016 The High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the European Commission have today adopted a policy proposal that will guide the actions of the European Union in the Arctic region. The European Union will step up its existi ...

    27 April 2016

  11. MELISSA laboratory

    MELISSA The MELISSA laboratory is a state-of-the art experimental facility for developing innovative surveillance applications in the maritime domain. MELISSA stands for Mimo Enhanced LInear Short Synthetic Aperture radar. Its focus is on new ways of usin ...

    21 October 2015

  12. Device for collecting and temporarily storing fluids from an underwater source

    This device serves for the collection and temporary storage of lighter than water fluids (such as liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons) escaping from an underwater source. The invention includes a dome-shaped collector placed over the underwater source, a riser ...

    20 May 2016

  13. Under-keel inspection system of large vessels

    Hiding illicit cargo on the outside of the hull of maritime vessels e.g. on the sea-chests, the rudder trunks or on underwater appendices is a commonly quoted method for smuggling, which can only be countered by diver inspections during the vessel port ca ...

    18 May 2016

  14. Method and system to optimise the authentication of radio-navigation signals

    The current invention introduces a system and method for the authentication of radio-navigation signals from several senders, whereby all senders transmit the same or related cryptographic information at a certain interval, and a receiver is able to authe ...

    20 May 2016

  15. Understanding the role of iron in the oceanic sequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide: measurement quality matters

    23 Mar 2016 JRC scientists estimated, in collaboration with Plymouth University (UK), the combined uncertainty for the determination of the dissolved iron amount content in seawater. The latter is measured to elucidate the biogeochemical cycling of this e ...

    23 March 2016

  16. Marine Optical Laboratory

    Marine Lab http://emis.jrc.ec.europa.eu Specialised research laboratory supporting remote sensing ocean colour calibration and validation activities through the absolute calibration of passive and active optical instruments, the determination of the inher ...

    05 March 2015

  17. Marine sustainability in an age of changing oceans and seas: JRC-EASAC report launch

    25 Jan 2016 The  JRC and the European Academies' Science Advisory Council (EASAC) will hold a launch event of their joint report on Marine sustainability in an age of changing oceans and seas. The report aims at contributing to the governance challen ...

    04 February 2016

  18. New habitat model allows dynamic and smart management of Atlantic bluefin tuna

    26 Feb 2016 A new habitat model, developed by the JRC and partner scientists, detects areas and periods where Atlantic bluefin tuna prefers to feed and spawn. Covering most of the areas where this species lives and the entire area subject to fisheries, th ...

    26 February 2016

  19. Algal bloom and its economic impact

    Harmful algal blooms (HABs) represent a natural phenomena caused by a mass proliferation of phytoplankton (cyanobacteria, diatoms, dinoflagellates) in waterbodies. Blooms can be harmful for the environment, human health and aquatic life due to the product ...

    23 May 2016

  20. Changing oceans and seas: marine sustainability assessment

    25 Jan 2016 The health of the oceans and coastal seas is vital for the future well-being of Europe, and globally. Livelihoods of 3 billion people worldwide are linked to marine and coastal biodiversity. A new report by the European Academies Science Advis ...

    25 January 2016

  21. Tracing radioactivity from Fukushima in the Northern Pacific Ocean

    Following the accident a the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, a campaign of sampling and measuring anthropogenic radionuclides in North Pacific seawater was set up. The main aim was to study natural processes using these radionuclides as tracers. Be ...

    29 April 2016

  22. New tool to map fishing activities in Europe

    14 Jan 2016 A new tool developed by the JRC provides for the first time detailed maps of high intensity fisheries areas in 2014-2015 in Europe. Thanks to tracking data of fishing vessels, it is possible to derive information about the fishing habits of co ...

    14 January 2016

  23. Mapping the impact of alien species on marine ecosystems: the Mediterranean Sea case study

    Aim To develop a standardized, quantitative method for mapping cumulative impacts of invasive alien species on marine ecosystems. Location The methodology is applied in the Mediterranean Sea but is widely applicable. Methods A conservative additive model ...

    17 April 2016

  24. Biofuels in aviation: Fuel demand and CO2 emissions evolution in Europe toward 2030

    This article presents the results of a scenario-based study carried out at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre aimed at analyzing the future growth of aviation, the resulting fuel demand and the deployment of biofuels in the aviation sector in ...

    22 April 2016

  25. JRC contributes to 2016 fishing opportunities

    23 Dec 2015 Scientific advice by the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), coordinated by the JRC, has contributed to define 2016 fishing opportunities which were agreed upon by EU ministers last week. STECF advice and calcul ...

    23 December 2015