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  1. Costs and benefits of climate policies

    Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation ...

    01 September 2015

  2. Climate change mitigation

    The EU has a stated objective of limiting global climate change to a temperature increase of 2ºC above preindustrial levels. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported in 2007 that reaching that target would require the reduction of glo ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Energy Union and Climate Action: Driving Europe’s transition to a low-carbon economy

    20 Jul 2016 On 20 July the Commission presented a package of measures to accelerate the transition to low-carbon emissions in all sectors of the economy in Europe. As the global social economic model changes, the Commission is working to keep the EU compe ...

    20 July 2016

  4. LULUCF contribution to the 2030 EU climate and energy policy

    The analysis carried out in the present AA LULUCF 2030 (i) supports DG CLIMA on the implementation the EU LULUCF Decision 529/2013 (especially with regard to carbon stock changes in CM and GM) and (i) contributes to specific elements of the Impact Assessm ...

    23 July 2016

  5. An economic assessment of GHG mitigation policy options for EU agriculture (EcAMPA 2)

    The project 'Economic Assessment of GHG mitigation policy options for EU agriculture (EcAMPA)' is designed to assess some aspects of a potential inclusion of the agricultural sector into the EU 2030 climate policy framework. In the context of po ...

    29 June 2016

  6. Pathways to Mexico’s Climate Change Mitigation Targets: A Multi-Model Analysis

    Mexico’s climate policy sets ambitious national greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets—30% versus a business-as-usual baseline by 2020, 50% versus 2000 by 2050. However, these goals are at odds with recent energy and emission trends in the countr ...

    09 June 2016

  7. Economics of GHG emissions mitigation via biogas production from Sorghum, maize and dairy farm manure digestion in the Po valley

    The Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and economic feasibility of electricity production from the anaerobic digestion of different substrates are studied in this paper. Three realistic substrate options for the climatic and soil conditions of a modelled farm ...

    25 May 2016

  8. Climate change impacts of power generation from residual biomass

    The European Union relies largely on bioenergy to achieve its climate and energy targets for 2020 and beyond. We assess, using Attributional Life Cycle Assessment (A-LCA), the climate change mitigation potential of three bioenergy power plants fuelled by ...

    25 May 2016

  9. Evaluation of the Laboratory Comparison Exercise for NO, NO2, SO2, CO and O3 4th – 9th of October 2015, Langen (D)

    From the 4th to the 9th of October 2015 seven Laboratories of the World Health Organization (WHO) European-Region met for another joint JRC-ERLAP/WHO inter-laboratory comparison exercise (IE). They met at the National Air Quality Reference laboratory at t ...

    25 May 2016

  10. Publications

    The POLES model was the focus of or has been used in several articles and reports that have been published in peer-reviewed journals or that were public reports of research projects. Some are provided here.   1. Journal articles Bauer, N., Bosetti, V., Ha ...

    13 May 2016

  11. Partners

    European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre Address: Edificio Expo C/ Inca Garcilaso n.3, 41092 Seville, Spain Contact person: Alban Kitous Kimon Keramidas Peter Russ EDDEN Lab, University Grenoble Alpes, France Address: EDDEN, UPMF, BP 47, 38040 Grenob ...

    05 July 2016

  12. Model

    POLES (Prospective Outlook on Long-term Energy Systems) is a world energy-economy partial equilibrium simulation model of the energy sector, with complete modelling from upstream production through to final user demand. It can be used in a great number of ...

    13 October 2015

  13. POLES

    POLES is a global energy model that covers the entire energy balance, from final energy demand, transformation and power production to primary supply and trade of energy commodities across countries and regions. It allows assessing the contribution to fut ...

    13 October 2015

  14. Monitoring CO2 emissions from space

    16 Nov 2015 A recent DG for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs- JRC expert report proposes a strategy for the establishment of a European observation system dedicated to monitoring CO 2 emissions from space. Such space-borne CO 2 observa ...

    16 November 2015

  15. Seismic fragility curves for the European building stock: review and evaluation of existing fragility curves

    Earthquakes continue to represent a serious threat for some European countries, particularly for Mediterranean bordering countries, where these events have been triggering significant destruction and loss over the last decades. Despite the unpredictable n ...

    06 May 2016

  16. STREST – Exploitation plan

    The present deliverable contains the detailed dissemination and exploitation plan of the project results, with particular emphasis on communicating to stakeholders and user communities addressing the outcomes of STREST on the enhancement of societal resil ...

    06 May 2016

  17. Workshop on 'Indicators and Data for Climate Resilient Development: from data to information and knowledge to policy actions'

    25 Mar 2015 BACKGROUND The Europen Commission's JRC-IES and the Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO C2) organise a workshop “Indicators and data for Climate resilient Development: from data to information and k ...

    04 March 2015

  18. State-of-the-art and lessons learned from advanced safety studies and stress-tests for critical infrastructures- STREST Reference Report 1

    Critical infrastructures are the backbone of modern society and provide many essential goods and services. Recent events have highlighted the vulnerability of these infrastructures to natural hazards and the risk for cascade effects with potentially major ...

    14 April 2016

  19. Chapter 3: The emissions gap in 2025 and 2030

    This chapter explores the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) submitted by countries to UNFCCC, with a specific focus on the extent to which the INDCs in aggregate are in accordance with the long-term objective of the Convention, which is ...

    15 April 2016

  20. The EU greenhouse gas inventory for LULUCF sector: I. Overview and comparative analysis of methods used by EU member states

    Reporting national greenhouses gas inventories for the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) under the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC) has been driving significant development of national data. Lands classificatio ...

    24 April 2016

  21. Increased use of renewables results in growing GHG emission savings in the EU

    06 Aug 2015 Greenhouse gasses (GHG) emission savings due to final renewable energy consumption in electricity, cooling/heating and transport sectors rose at a compound annual growth rate of 8.8% from 2009 to 2012, confirming renewables’ great potential in ...

    06 August 2015

  22. United Nations Climate Change Conference

    01 Dec 2014 to 12 Dec 2014 The 20th annual session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 10th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol (the p ...

    12 December 2014

  23. Biophysical climate impacts of recent changes in global forest cover

    Changes in forest cover impact the local climate by modulating the land-atmosphere fluxes of energy and water. The magnitude of this biophysical effect is still debated in the scientific community and currently ignored in climate treaties. Here we present ...

    20 March 2016

  24. Science supporting climate change negotiations

    07 Jul 2015 On 7 July, the international scientific conference " Our Common Future under Climate Change "- the largest scientific forum ahead of the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Conventio ...

    07 July 2015

  25. Intense aerosols reduction to affect wind and solar energy availability in coming decades

    17 Jun 2015 A strong decline in emissions from human-made aerosols will drive changes to large scale atmospheric circulation and hence affect wind power density off-shore and solar radiation in Europe and northern Africa, according to JRC report analysing ...

    17 June 2015