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  1. Nuclear energy

    In the EU, the decision to use nuclear power or not is the prerogative of the Member States. Fourteen out of twenty-seven EU Member States have nuclear power plants in operation (Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Nether ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Clearinghouse

    Operating experience from the 440 nuclear reactors producing electricity worldwide forms a valuable source of information. The European Union has set up a regional network to improve the collecting and implementing of operational experience, called the &q ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Fundamental properties of actinide materials

    Actinides, the backbone of nuclear fission technologies, find applications in many strategic fields, from space exploration to medical diagnostic and treatments. However, due to the risk associated with their radio-toxicity, it is necessary to carry out r ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Medical applications of radionuclides and targeted alpha therapy

    Cancer is one of the main health problems of today. Unfortunately, the treatments that are currently available, even though often effective, cannot permanently cure the majority of cancers. This is typically true for cancers that have formed metastases an ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Monitoring human resources in the nuclear energy sector

    In order to determine the situation of nuclear-educated human resources in Europe (i.e. supply and demand), assess the trends and suggest policy options for improvement, a European Human Resources Observatory in the Nuclear Energy Sector (EHRO-N) has been ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Natural radiation

    In the absence of nuclear accidents with a major release of radioactive material to the environment, the annual dose received by the public at large is almost completely due to exposure to natural radioactivity. In order to provide the public with a more ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Non-proliferation

    Information collection and analysis of proliferation concerns play an increasing role in nuclear security in general and in nuclear safeguards in particular. The JRC considers different types of information to deal with security threats, mainly at nationa ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Nuclear materials under extreme conditions

    Nuclear fuels generate very high levels of radiation and heat. In order to understand and reliably predict the behaviour of the fuel matrix and the cladding material, it is essential to have a fundamental knowledge of the high temperature behaviour of the ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Nuclear safeguards

    Research and development activities are performed at the JRC to provide efficient and effective technologies to ensure that current and future nuclear fuel systems can be properly safeguarded and the EU obligations under non-proliferation treaties are met ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Primary isotopic measurements

    Discontinued activity The highest metrological quality of measurements can only be obtained by using primary measurement methods. Isotopic measurements can fulfil the necessary requirements. The JRC uses isotopic techniques to measure reference values for ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Radioactive environmental monitoring

    Monitoring artificial radioactivity in the environment is of utmost importance in order to verify that there is compliance with the Basic Safety Standards (Euratom/96/29 currently being revised) and to monitor tendencies over time. Under the Euratom Treat ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Reactor safety

    The EU is concerned with ensuring that the highest standards of reactor safety are adopted and maintained. The Council Directive 2009/71/EURATOM establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations stipulates the application ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Reference materials for nuclear safeguards, safety and security

    Nuclear safety, security and non-proliferation are absolute priorities for the EU, supporting the international initiative on a holistic Safety, Security and Safeguards (“3S”) concept for nuclear energy. The European Commission as guardian of the Treaties ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Structural materials for nuclear applications

    For the safe long-term operation of current nuclear reactors and the next generation of nuclear power plants, service lives of 60 years are envisaged. In combination with higher burn-up, and high temperatures corrosive coolant environments, this requires ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Emergency support – international data and information exchange systems

    During the early phase of a large-scale accident with release of radioactivity to the atmosphere, it is essential to notify and inform competent authorities as early and extensively as possible. To implement Council Decision 87/600, the European Commissio ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Nuclear accident modelling

    Since the 90s, the JRC has participated in many experimental and analytical activities in the field of Severe Accidents for Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Several experimental facilities were operating during many years within JRC premises (FARO, KROTOS, ST ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Preparedness for radiological emergencies

    Many of Europe's citizens are concerned about levels of radioactive contamination of the environment. Not just since Chernobyl, but since the signing of the Euratom treaty, the member states have been obliged monitor radiation levels and forward the ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Nuclear knowledge management, training and education

    Since 1990, the EU has been building up its nuclear knowledge base. Several incidents turned public opinion against nuclear power, leading to a gradual phasing out of nuclear energy in several EU Member States. Younger generations' interest in nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Nuclear safeguards and security

    Nuclear safeguards are measures to verify that states do not use nuclear materials to develop weapons and that they respect their obligations under international non-proliferation treaties. The development and implementation of safeguards and other nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Nuclear safety

    In the area of nuclear safety, the JRC addresses the key science and technology challenges to maintain and improve safety level and competitiveness of fission technologies, covering existing (GenII), evolutionary (GenIII) and advanced/sustainable (GenIV) ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Nuclear science base for standardisation

    The JRC is mandated to develop the scientific basis for nuclear safety and security. Emphasis is given to research on fundamental properties and behaviour of actinides, structural and nuclear materials. In support of Union standardisation, the JRC is prov ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Combating illicit trafficking

    There is strong public support for nuclear security activities due to concerns about nuclear arms proliferation and the threat of nuclear terrorism, which is associated with illicit trafficking of nuclear material. The EU invests significant resources in ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Emergency support – radioecological monitoring

    In the event of a radiological or nuclear accident where there are releases to the atmosphere or aquatic environment, it is important to rapidly and accurately interpret and evaluate the consequences of the results being measured. The EU information excha ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Metrological tools for safeguard activities

    The JRC organises interlaboratory comparisons for conformity assessment for the IAEA Network of Analytical Laboratories (NWAL) and other laboratories in the field. These quality control programmes are under the accredited aim at the analysis of uranium an ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Nuclear fuel safety

    Nuclear fuel safety is the basic component of all safety requirements associated with nuclear energy production. The ultimate goal is to ensure that fuel rods in the reactor core will fulfil their main safety function, which consists of retaining all radi ...

    30 April 2014