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  1. Impacts of the EU Biofuel Target on Agricultural Markets and Land Use- A Comparative Modelling Assessment

    The Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) requires that 20% of the EU's energy needs should come from renewable sources by 2020, and includes a target for the transport sector of 10% from biofuels. This report analyses and discusses the global impa ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Proceedings of the DG JRC Enlargement and Integration Workshop on Cogeneration 9-10 June 2005, Petten (NL)

    The Enlargement and Integration Workshop at JRC-IE Petten on 9-10 June 2005 was intended to inform participants from the New Member, Candidate and West Balkan States about progress with the Cogeneration Directive 2004/8/EC. Although most of these countrie ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Opportunities and Threats for Bioheating in the European Union

    Bioheating is a key factor for the delayed progress in achieving the 12% renewables target in gross inland energy consumption of the EU by 2010. The key opportunities for biomass in the heat sector are to substitute/complement coal, the small-scale heat g ...

    30 April 2014

  4. The Effects of Increased Demand for Biofuels Feedstocks on the World Agricultural Markets and Areas- Outcomes of a Workshop- 10-11 February 2010, Ispra (Italy)

    This study is performed under request of DG CLIMA, in support to the preparation of the policy proposal on the assessment of the effects of Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC). Agro-economic models are used to provide estimates of how much cropland area incre ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Critical Issues in Estimating ILUC Emissions- Outcomes of an Expert Consultation

    Under request of DG ENER and CLIMA, the JRC organised in November 2010 an expert consultation, grouping world-recognised academics and experts in the field on Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) effects caused by increased use of biofuels. This consultation a ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions from Waste and Biomass to Energy Plants

    Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas with a global warming potential approximately 300 times that of CO2. N2O appears naturally in the atmosphere, oceans and tropic and temperate soils being the major natural sources of N2O. Nevertheless, the concentration o ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Science for Energy

    This report aims to give a comprehensive overview of the JRC's work in relation to the global energy challenge. It highlights the JRC's research in areas such as security of energy supply, renewable energy, energy technology innovation, energy e ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Bioenergy production and use in Italy: Recent developments, perspectives and potential

    The renewable energy policies in the European Union have already leaded to a significant progress; the energy mix should furthermore change until 2020. Italy is planning to meet the 2020 targets on renewable energies also thanks to a relevant paradigm shi ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Carbon accounting of forest bioenergy: Conclusions and recommendations from a critical literature review

    Via a detailed analysis and review of the currently available literature, this work aims at clarifying the phenomena, physical and mathematical, underpinning the methodologies and results in forest carbon accounting. The large scale techno-economic models ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Bioenergy and Water

    Bioenergy is the production of renewable energy from organic material. It corresponds to three main feedstock categories (agriculture, forestry & waste) for three main uses (transport, heat & electricity). The development of bioenergy is often ret ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Spatially-resolved Assessment of Land and Water Use Scenarios for Shale Gas Development: Poland and Germany

    The analysis presented in this report focuses specifically on two issues of potential concern with respect to shale gas development in EU member states using hydraulic fracturing technologies: pressure on freshwater resources, and land use competition. Po ...

    30 April 2014

  12. WELL-TO-WHEELS Report version 4.a: JEC WELL-TO-WHEELS ANALYSIS

    The JEC research partners [Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, EUCAR and CONCAWE] have updated their joint evaluation of the well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for a wide range of potential future fuel and powertrain opti ...

    30 April 2014

  13. An overview of the behaviour of biomass during combustion: Part II. Ash fusion and ash formation mechanisms of biomass types

    An extended overview of the phase-mineral transformations of organic and inorganic matter during biomass combustion was conducted in Part I of the present work. The ash fusion and ash formation mechanisms of biomass types and sub-types during combustion a ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Technoeconomic optimization of limited resources in steam biomass CHP plants- Croatian case study

    Technoeconomic optimization for exploitatin of limited biomass resources was performed with support of a stete-of-the-art modelling tool. Data referring to Croatian market are used. MEDARAC Hrvoje SZABO Sandor JAEGER-WALDAU Arnulf SCARLAT Nicolae MONFORTI ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Critical aspects in the life cycle assessment (LCA) of bio-based materials? Reviewing methodologies and deriving recommendations

    Concerns over non-renewable fossil fuel supply and accelerated climate change have been driving the Renaissance of bio-based materials. To substantiate environmental claims, the impacts of bio-based materials are typically quantified by applying life cycl ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Economic, Environmental and Social Considerations of Shale Gas in the EU

    The goal of this study is to provide an overview of shale gas development in the USA and assess the implications of findings for the prospects for shale gas development in the EU by 2020-2030. Particular emphasis is given to environmental and social aspec ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Influence of Different Techniques on Biomethane Sustainability

    Biogas production is starting to be regarded as a very sustainable practice that can guarantee high GHG savings when upgraded to biomethane. However, sustainability is strongly influenced by many factors, such as the choice of feedstock and operational pr ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Quantitative Xray Fluorescence Analysis of Biomass: Objective Evaluation of a Typical Commercial Multi-Element Method on a WD-XRF Spectrometer

    ABSTRACT: With the increasing utilization and trade of biomass, there is a growing need for quick and reliable quantitative chemical analysis of the inorganic elemental composition of biomass. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry performed directly on th ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Mitigating the environmental impacts of milk production via anaerobic digestion of manure: Case study of a dairy farm in the Po Valley

    This work analyzes the environmental impacts ofmilk production inan intensivedairyfarmsituated in theNorthern Italy region of the Po Valley. Three manure management scenarios are compared: in Scenario 1 the animal slurry is stored in an open tank and then ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Effect of rapeseed methylester blending on diesel passenger car emissions? Part 1: Regulated pollutants, NO/NOx ratio and particulate emissions

    This paper summarizes the findings of an experimental study sponsored by the oil companies? European association for environment, health and safety (CONCAWE) and performed by the Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics of the Aristotle University (LAT/AUTh) ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Role of a Hybrid Energy System Comprising a Small/Medium-Sized Nuclear Reactor and a Biomass Processing Plant in a Scenario with a High Deployment of Onshore Wind Farms

    The present article analyses the potential contribution of a hybrid energy system in a scenario with a high deployment of wind farms. The hybrid energy system consists of a small/mediumsized nuclear reactor (SMR), a biomass processing plant and an optiona ...

    07 May 2014

  22. Biofuels and Bioenergy: How green are they?

    Biomass is the organic fraction of both agricultural products, from forestry and related industries, and industrial and municipal waste. This includes for example wood, straw, energy crops, agricultural waste, agro-industrial waste, plants and animal wast ...

    25 June 2014

  23. Technological capabilities for innovation activities across Europe: Evidence from wind, solar and bioenergy technologies

    The paper contributes to renewable energy innovation metrics through an explorative approach of innovation patterns across European countries in 2010. Localized innovation capabilities at work describe the health of the wind, solar and bioenergy sectors p ...

    07 June 2014

  24. Bioenergy deployment in the Danube Region- Current status and progress according to National Renewable Energy Action Plans

    The report contributes to the JRC initiative 'Scientific Support to the Danube Strategy' which addresses firstly to the scientific needs related to the implementation of the European Union Strategy for Danube River and thereby helps decision-mak ...

    12 June 2014

  25. Biofuels and Bioenergy: assessing the impacts and availability

    The Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s in-house science service, provides scientific evidence to policy makers on the complex issues of bioenergy and biofuels availability, exploitability and sustainability. The National Renewable Ener ...

    24 September 2014