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  1. Nuclear waste management and decommissioning

    Radioactive waste management in the EU has its legal basis through the EURATOM treaty and the recently adopted “Waste Directive” (2011/70/EURATOM). The Directive provides for Responsible and Safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste. It builds o ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Waste and recycling

    Today more than ever, the European Commission is working hard to preserve our limited resources. In 2004, it launched the Thematic Strategy on Prevention and Recycling of Waste. This long-term strategy aims at helping Europe to become a recycling society ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Nuclear Decommissioning Programme at the Joint Research Centre- 10 years of progress

    A snapshot of JRC's nuclear decommissioning work at its different sites. (November 2010) 2010 Brochures Energy and transport, Nuclear safety and security nuclear, safety, energy, waste IET, ITU Nuclear Decommissioning Programme at the Joint Research ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Overview of EC Activities on Environmental Remediation in CIS Countries under TACIS Programme

    This paper describes the direct experience of the authors in defining, contracting and monitoring projects in the area of TACIS Nuclear Safety encompassing Environmental and Radioactive Waste Management. It describes projects dealing with Chernobyl NPP, S ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Radioactive Contamination of the North-Western Black Sea Sediments.

    Abstract not available GULIN S.B., POLIKARPOV G.G., EGOROV V.N., MARTIN Jean Marie, KOROTKOV A.A., STOKOZOV N.A. 2002 Articles in Journals Joint Research Centre Corporate Activities Nuclear safety and security, Safety and Security nuclear, waste, accident ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Hydrodynamic Analysis and Design of High-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Model Penetrators

    Abstract not available VISINTINI Livio, MARAZZI R. 1990 EUR- Scientific and Technical Research Reports Joint Research Centre Corporate Activities Nuclear safety and security nuclear, reactor, water, waste, modelling Corporate, IET CEC EUR 12780 EN ...

    30 April 2014

  7. PAGIS Performance Assessment of Geological Isolation Systems for Radioactive Waste Disposal in Clay Formations

    Abstract not available SALTELLI Andrea, MARIVOET J., BONNE A., PUT M., VAN BOSSTRAETEN C., VOLCKAERT G., ZEEVAER T., BEAUFAYS B., PATYN J. 1988 EUR- Scientific and Technical Research Reports Joint Research Centre Corporate Activities Nuclear safety and se ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste- Moving Towards Implementation

    This report analyses the state-of-the-art of science, technology and procedures needed to implement the desired end-point in (high-level) radioactive waste management: geological disposal. A range of topical areas of relevance has been identified:- techni ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Failure mechanisms of high level nuclear waste forms in storage and geological disposal conditions

    A schematic description of the main aspects constituting the back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle is provided: concepts and stages available or envisaged for the treatment of spent fuel, and main radionuclides (transuranics, fission and activation products) ...

    30 April 2014

  10. From the LCA of food products to the environmental assessment of protected crops districts: A case-study in the south of Italy

    The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology has been applied to evaluate the energy consumption and environmental burdens associated with the production of protected crops of an agricultural district in the Mediterranean area. In particular, LCA is here i ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Supporting Environmentally Sound Decisions for Construction and Demolition (C&D) Waste Management- A practical guide to Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

    This guidance document provides waste policy makers, waste managers, and businesses with the background to Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approaches which can be implemented when considering C&D waste management options. The ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Supporting Environmentally Sound Decisions for Bio-waste Management- A practical guide to Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

    This guidance document provides European, National and regional/local waste policy makers, waste managers, and businesses with the background to implement the Waste Framework Directive for bio-waste policy in a more sustainable way. This can be achieved b ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Supporting Environmentally Sound Decisions for Waste Management- A technical guide to Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for waste experts and LCA practitioners

    This guide focuses on the most relevant technical aspects that need to be considered when applying Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to the waste management sector. Main focus is put on the environmental pillar of sustainability. I ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Safety of Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles

    Closing the nuclear fuel cycle, as studied in the frame of international programmes will be a major step in reducing the long term radiotoxicity of high level waste while optimizing the sustainability of uranium resources. The Joint Research Centre (JRC) ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Estimation of hydrogen production rates from radiolysable material in contact with various irradiated fuels.

    The storage of irradiated fuel is increasing as many installations are approaching their end-life and fuel or fuel-containing remnants from waste or samples are being placed in storage. Often these smaller experimental samples are mounted in epoxide resin ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Effects Of Helium Build-Up on Nuclear Fuel Evolution During Storage

    The evolution during storage of properties relevant for safe handling/processing of high specific alpha-activity fuels and wasteforms is strongly affected by the build-up of alpha-decay damage and helium. This paper describes the alteration of properties, ...

    30 April 2014

  17. An overview of TACIS and PHARE nuclear safety projects related to thermalhydraulics

    Since 1991, the EC has been supporting the transition in Eastern European and ex-Soviet countries to market economy through the Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States (TACIS) and Poland Hungary Aid for Reconstruction of the Economy ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Studies on nuclear fuel evolution during storage and testing of used fuel response to impact loadings

    Ageing processes occurring during storage of spent nuclear fuel rods are safety-relevant both for storage and for handling/transportation procedures foreseen at the end of the storage period. In particular, it is important to assess all mechanisms that ma ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Dynamics Simulation for the Training of Teleoperated Retrieval of Spent Nuclear Fuel

    This paper addresses the problem of training of operators for telemanipulation tasks. In particular it describes the development of a physics based virtual environment that allows a user to train in the control of an innovative robotic tools designed for ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Outcomes of the second workshop of the Food Sustainable Consumption and Production Round Table Working Group 1: deriving scientifically-sound rules for a sector-specific environmental assessment methodology

    Purpose This paper illustrates the consensus achieved by the members of the European Food Sustainable Consumption and Production Round Table Working Group 1 in their second scientific workshop held in the European Commission?s Joint Research Centre (JRC) ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Economic Allocation in Life Cycle Assessment: The State of the Art and Discussion of Examples

    The article examines methods for analyzing allocation in life cycle assessment (LCA); it focuses on comparisons of economic allocation with other feasible alternatives. The International Organization for Standardization?s (ISO) guideline 14044 indicates t ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Emissions from Waste and Biomass to Energy Plants

    Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas with a global warming potential approximately 300 times that of CO2. N2O appears naturally in the atmosphere, oceans and tropic and temperate soils being the major natural sources of N2O. Nevertheless, the concentration o ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Life Cycle Impact Assessment: Research Needs and Challenges from Science to Policy Making

    Environmental implications of the whole supply-chain of products, both goods and services, their use, and waste management, i.e. their entire life cycle from "cradle to grave" have to be considered to achieve more sustainable production and cons ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Reducing Uncertainties Affecting the Assessment of the Long-Term Corrosion Behavior of Spent Nuclear Fuel

    Reducing the uncertainties associated with the extrapolation to very long term of corrosion data and findings obtainable from laboratory tests on relatively young spent fuel is a formidable challenge. In a geologic repository, spent nuclear fuel may becom ...

    30 April 2014

  25. REDOX PROCESSES AFFECTING THE SPENT FUEL SOURCETERM

    The source term from spent fuel dissolution is subject to considerable uncertainties, both with respect to the presence and extent of oxidative dissolution processes of the spent fuel itself and the coupling with processes associated with the iron caniste ...

    30 April 2014