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  1. Preventing industrial accidents

    Chemical installations, petrochemical and oil refineries, and storage facilities are hazardous installations which need to be safe and secure from internal (technical failure, human error, etc.) and external (natural hazards, terrorist attacks, etc.) even ...

    30 October 2014

  2. Space technologies for disaster risk reduction and response

    Measuring and anticipating the effects of future natural hazards is important in order to implement measures to mitigate the effects of disasters. In all phases of crisis management, satellite-derived information plays an essential role as a synoptic, ind ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Technological accidents triggered by natural disasters

    Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, storms, etc., can damage chemical plants or oil and gas pipelines, causing the release of hazardous materials. These accidents are also called Natech accidents. Currently, there is little knowledge on the dy ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Disaster risk management

    Natural and man-made hazards continuously threaten population in Europe and beyond. Managing risks associated with hazards is based on sound policy making in prevention, preparedness, response, and reconstruction activities. The JRC carries out extensive ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Earthquakes and tsunamis

    Earthquakes are the natural hazard that generates the largest number of human casualties in the modern society.  Likewise, it is estimated that they are responsible for about 35% of the economic losses generated by natural disasters. Tsunamis are among th ...

    18 May 2015

  6. Natural and man-made hazards

    Natural and man-made hazards include, for instance, droughts, desertification, floods, fires, earthquakes and dispersion of radioactive gases in the atmosphere.  They have significant social, environmental and economic impacts. The JRC carries out extensi ...

    18 May 2015

  7. Atmospheric dispersion

    Atmospheric dispersion models  are used to estimate or to predict the downwind concentration of air pollutants or harmful substances emitted from sources. They have widespread use in situations such as emergency response, the planning of policies and stra ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Desertification and drought

    Drought and desertification are closely related phenomena. Persisting over months or years, drought can affect large areas and may have serious environmental, social and economic impacts. While drought is a natural phenomenon, whose impacts can be exacerb ...

    18 May 2015

  9. Fires

    Forest fires occur regularly all over Europe and it is very likely that the damage they cause will increase in the future. The JRC monitors European forests to continually assess the risk of fires, provide early alerts and provide information on active fi ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Floods

    The JRC’s research on floods focuses on improving preparedness and response during a flood crisis, mainly through early warning and monitoring systems, but also through the assessment of mitigation and prevention measures. It has developed several systems ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Hazards and Risks of climate change impacts

    Due to Climate Change, frequencies of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and heat waves are expected to increase in the future. The JRC works on predicting and making impact assessments of such events. Floods To increase preparedness for floo ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Assessing European wild fire vulnerability

    JRC contribution to conferences presenting a first approach to assess wild fire vulnerability at the European level. Wild fire vulnerability is a measure of potential socio-economic damage caused by a fire in a specific area. As such it is an important co ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Drought Monitoring with Estimates of the Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically-Active Radiation (fAPAR) Derived from MERIS

    Article presenting the methodology adopted within European Drought Observatory (EDO), and the Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically-Active Radiation (fAPAR) data used, in the context of drought monitoring. The Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Act ...

    30 April 2014

  14. IMEP-34: Heavy Metals in Toys according to EN 71-3:1994

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the results of an  interlaboratory comparison (ILC) which focussed on the determination of soluble antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), and ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Mission to the Area Affected by the Earthquakes in the Pianura Emiliana-Padana of May-June 2012- Brief Note

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the effects of the earthquakes mainly for what concerns prefabricated reinforced concrete industrial buildings, recognizing the important effect that the Pianura Padana-Emiliana earthquakes (May-June ...

    30 April 2014

  16. The Use of Social Media within the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS)

    Conference contribution on whether and how social media could be an additional valuable data source for international disaster response. In order to explore this, JRC developed a Twitter account and Facebook page for the dissemination of GDACS alerts, a T ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Global storm surge forecast and inundation modeling

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the implementation of storm surge in the JRC HyFlux2 code, which is routinely used in GDACS to model inundations due to tsunamis runups. The first aim of this work is to identify which source of info ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Experimenting accuracy and effectiveness in photo-interpretation for rapid crisis response and damage assessment applications through gaze control

    JRC Scientific and Techinical Research Report, introducing the Geographic Information and Visual Perception project (GI&VP), that offer a device composed of a suite of tools and based on gaze integration, to support the work of photo-interpreters invo ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Risk assessment methodologies for Critical Infrastructure Protection. Part I: A state of the art

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report addressing effective risk assessment methodologies for a successful Critical Infrastructure Protection programme.   Effective risk assessment methodologies are the cornerstone of a successful Critical Infrastru ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Science at the core of water solutions- Some JRC examples

    JRC's scientific support aims at tackling related challenges such as water availability, quality, efficiency, protection of ecosystems and extreme weather events. (2012) 2012 Brochures Environment and climate change water biodiversity ecosystem resou ...

    30 April 2014

  21. From floods to forest fires: early warning systems

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of early warning systems. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Environment and climate change Safety and security hazard crisis fire flood IES IPSC jrc_leaflet_warning_sy ...

    30 April 2014

  22. JRC Newsletter September 2013

    In this issue: Editorial by Reinhard F. Hüttl, Chairman of Euro-CASE, the umbrella organisation of Academies of Applied Sciences, Technologies and Engineering. Cover story: Keeping a close eye on natural hazards. In the news: the JRC's contribution t ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Review of Technological Risk Management in the EU- Example of the European Energy Risks Monitor (ERMON) Project

    After mapping of current European Union regulations on the management of accidental risks related to natural hazards and different industrial activities, this paper discusses insights from past European Commission initiatives on harmonisation of risk asse ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Proceedings of the JRC/OECD Seminar on Emergency & Risk Zoning around Nuclear Power Plants, JRC-IE Petten (NL), 26-27 April 2005

    The purpose of the EC/JRC-OECD Seminar on Emergency & Risk Zoning around Nuclear Power Plants was to provide a forum for presentation and discussion of status of emergency planning and risk assessment approaches, safety policies as well as current and ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Overview of ASTEC Topic After 19 Months

    An overview of the results achieved in the SARNET (Severe Accident Research and management NETwork) Work-Packages "Users’ Support, Training, Integration and Adaptation", "Reactor Application and Benchmarking", benchmarks on and "P ...

    30 April 2014