We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
JRC scientists have published a series of papers assessing the availability and applicability of computational models in the safety assessment of nanomaterials, with a view to promoting their further development and use in regulatory decision making.
Scientists from the JRC and WHO's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) released the latest 2018 estimates on the burden of cancer in Europe. Cancer incidence and mortality indicators have been computed for 40 European countries on 34 types of cancer as well as for all cancer sites combined. These estimates are the joint outcome of a collaborative exercise led by IARC, in collaboration with JRC, the European Network of Cancer Registries and the International Association of Cancer Registries.
JRC scientists developed a quantitative method for measuring the surface energy and hydrophobicity of nanomaterials, as the knowledge about hydrophobicity is important when assessing potential risks of chemicals.
Hydrophobicity is an important parameter to determine for the risk assessment of chemicals and in particular of nanomaterials.
Because hydrophobicity plays a critical role in various biological processes such as:
JRC scientists compiled information on current legislation of EU Member States, as well as of Switzerland, Iceland and Norway, applying to genomics technologies, and draw the attention to some fragmentation and heterogeneity in addressing genomics in policy.
With the advent of fast, high efficiency and low cost DNA sequencing techniques, the ability to study the human genome by reading the sequence of its DNA is growing exponentially, with a resulting significant impact on many fields of scientific research.
The JRC hosted a meeting among nine major publicly funded reference material (RM) producers at the JRC-Geel site in Belgium. The aim was to assist in the overall prioritisation of RM production internationally, to avoid duplication, to tackle replacement of running out materials and to identify future needs and trends.
Reference materials (RMs) and certified reference materials (CRMs) are important quality assurance tools for precise and comparable measurements.
JRC scientists have contributed to the editing and writing of a book on the history of alternative methods in toxicology and chemical safety assessment.
The book presents historical perspectives on the development, validation, acceptance and use of alternatives to animal testing over the past half-century, with an emphasis on humanity and good science, in line with the Three Rs (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement of animal procedures).