We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
Over the past few decades the production and consumption of coal in the EU has been in steady decline, due to the closure of coal mines and the phasing out of coal use for power generation.
Europe has embarked on an energy transition, and in response the EU is creating an Energy Union based on renewables, innovation and digitalisation.
Regions across Europe face the challenges and opportunities of this transition.