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  1. Emergency support – international data and information exchange systems

    During the early phase of a large-scale accident with release of radioactivity to the atmosphere, it is essential to notify and inform competent authorities as early and extensively as possible. To implement Council Decision 87/600, the European Commissio ...

    01 September 2015

  2. Structural materials for nuclear applications

    For the safe long-term operation of current nuclear reactors and the next generation of nuclear power plants, service lives of 60 years are envisaged. In combination with higher burn-up, and high temperatures corrosive coolant environments, this requires ...

    02 September 2015

  3. Radioactive environmental monitoring

    Monitoring artificial radioactivity in the environment is of utmost importance in order to verify that there is compliance with the Basic Safety Standards (Euratom/96/29 currently being revised) and to monitor tendencies over time. Under the Euratom Treat ...

    02 September 2015

  4. Nuclear waste management and decommissioning

    Radioactive waste management in the EU has its legal basis through the EURATOM treaty and the recently adopted “Waste Directive” (2011/70/EURATOM). The Directive provides for Responsible and Safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste. It builds o ...

    02 September 2015

  5. Nuclear safeguards

    Research and development activities are performed at the JRC to provide efficient and effective technologies to ensure that current and future nuclear fuel systems can be properly safeguarded and the EU obligations under non-proliferation treaties are met ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Nuclear reference data, materials and measurements

    Reliable measurements of α, β and γ radiation are of great importance for environmental monitoring, medical treatment and nuclear safeguards. The JRC's radionuclide metrology laboratories provide important nuclear decay data such as radionuclide half ...

    02 September 2015

  7. Nuclear materials under extreme conditions

    Nuclear fuels generate very high levels of radiation and heat. In order to understand and reliably predict the behaviour of the fuel matrix and the cladding material, it is essential to have a fundamental knowledge of the high temperature behaviour of the ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Nuclear fuel safety

    Nuclear fuel safety is the basic component of all safety requirements associated with nuclear energy production. The ultimate goal is to ensure that fuel rods in the reactor core will fulfil their main safety function, which consists of retaining all radi ...

    02 September 2015

  9. Non-proliferation

    Information collection and analysis of proliferation concerns play an increasing role in nuclear security in general and in nuclear safeguards in particular. The JRC considers different types of information to deal with security threats, mainly at nationa ...

    01 September 2015

  10. Medical applications of radionuclides and targeted alpha therapy

    Cancer is one of the main health problems of today. Unfortunately, the treatments that are currently available, even though often effective, cannot permanently cure the majority of cancers. This is typically true for cancers that have formed metastases an ...

    01 September 2015

  11. Fundamental properties of actinide materials

    Actinides, the backbone of nuclear fission technologies, find applications in many strategic fields, from space exploration to medical diagnostic and treatments. However, due to the risk associated with their radio-toxicity, it is necessary to carry out r ...

    01 September 2015

  12. Emergency support – radioecological monitoring

    In the event of a radiological or nuclear accident where there are releases to the atmosphere or aquatic environment, it is important to rapidly and accurately interpret and evaluate the consequences of the results being measured. The EU information excha ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Combating illicit trafficking

    There is strong public support for nuclear security activities due to concerns about nuclear arms proliferation and the threat of nuclear terrorism, which is associated with illicit trafficking of nuclear material. The EU invests significant resources in ...

    01 September 2015

  14. Nuclear science base for standardisation

    The JRC is mandated to develop the scientific basis for nuclear safety and security. Emphasis is given to research on fundamental properties and behaviour of actinides, structural and nuclear materials. In support of Union standardisation, the JRC is prov ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Public health

    Maintaining the highest possible level of public health protection, especially for an ageing population, is a key challenge for Europe in the changing global socio-economic landscape. Effective public health policies need to address a wide variety of comp ...

    02 September 2015

  16. Preparedness for radiological emergencies

    Many of Europe's citizens are concerned about levels of radioactive contamination of the environment. Not just since Chernobyl, but since the signing of the Euratom treaty, the member states have been obliged monitor radiation levels and forward the ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Nuclear knowledge management, training and education

    Since 1990, the EU has been building up its nuclear knowledge base. Several incidents turned public opinion against nuclear power, leading to a gradual phasing out of nuclear energy in several EU Member States. Younger generations' interest in nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Nuclear safeguards and security

    Nuclear safeguards are measures to verify that states do not use nuclear materials to develop weapons and that they respect their obligations under international non-proliferation treaties. The development and implementation of safeguards and other nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Nuclear safety

    In the area of nuclear safety, the JRC addresses the key science and technology challenges to maintain and improve safety level and competitiveness of fission technologies, covering existing (GenII), evolutionary (GenIII) and advanced/sustainable (GenIV) ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Nuclear energy

    In the EU, the decision to use nuclear power or not is the prerogative of the Member States. Fourteen out of twenty-seven EU Member States have nuclear power plants in operation (Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Nether ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Nuclear Forensics Practitioners Strengthen Best Practices and International Cooperation

    22 Jun 2016 More than 100 scientific and law enforcement experts from 37 countries and international organizations met under the auspices of the Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG) June 6-10, 2016, in Lyon, France to strengthen ...

    22 June 2016

  22. Upgraded research facilities to support nuclear safety and security in the EU and beyond

    08 Jun 2016 On 8 June 2016, Tibor Navracsics, Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport and responsible for the Joint Research Centre, along with Günther Oettinger, Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society took part in the ground-breaking c ...

    08 June 2016

  23. New momentum for ICT, services and public-private cooperation

    01 Jun 2016 The European Commission presented on 1st June its vision on how European standard setting should evolve in the light of technological developments, political priorities and global trends. It also announced next steps on the Joint Initiative on ...

    01 June 2016

  24. Making sense of science- JRC Ispra Open Day attracts thousands

    30 May 2016 7600 visitors of 81 different nationalities had a close look at the activities of the European Commission's science and knowledge service in Ispra (Italy). This year's open day was celebrated in parallel with the Commission open day ...

    30 May 2016

  25. 8th International Summer School on Nuclear Decommissioning and Waste Management

    12 Sep 2016 to 16 Sep 2016 The 8 th International Summer School on Nuclear Decommissioning and Waste Management will take place from 12-16 th September 2016 at the JRC in Ispra, Italy. A parallel workshop on Planning R&D towards Geological Disposal wi ...

    26 May 2016