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  1. Nuclear safety and security

    Within the Euratom programme, the JRC provides technical and scientific support to EU policies in nuclear safety, security and radiation protection, and carries out education, training and information activities in the field. The EU Euratom programme supp ...

    19 January 2015

  2. Health and consumer protection

    The JRC provides scientific and technical support to EU policies on food, consumer products, chemicals and public health. With the aim of protecting general interests and health of European citizens, our scientists assess selected consumer products, as we ...

    19 January 2015

  3. Environment and climate change

    Protection of the environment for future generations and efforts to limit the impacts of climate change are of the utmost importance in European and world policy. The international community has agreed that global warming should be kept below 2ºC compared ...

    19 January 2015

  4. Energy and transport

    Research in energy and transport areas is vital to ensure a sustainable future of our planet in general and a low-carbon economy in particular. The aim of research in these fields is to support the European Commission's Energy Union strategy to make ...

    06 July 2015

  5. Innovation and growth

    Research and innovation are acknowledged to play a key role in creating jobs and boosting growth, which is a top priority for the European Commission. To address the challenges and opportunities facing Europe, innovation has been placed at the core of the ...

    06 July 2015

  6. Safety and Security

    The JRC provides European policy makers with scientific and technological advice on safety, security and stability within the EU and beyond. Research, analysis and in-house developed tools support EU policies on border security, including maritime borders ...

    06 July 2015

  7. Standards

    Standards stimulate and enable innovation and competiveness in Europe, and are a key objective of the EU-US Free Trade Agreement. Industry needs framework conditions which are the basis on which to invest, innovate and gain global market share in an incre ...

    06 July 2015

  8. Aviation security

    Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and tech ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Biofuels and bioenergy

    Bioenergy will remain crucial over the next decade in order to reach the renewable energy targets in 2020, which is why the EU member states incorporated the bioenergy option in their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). As the JRC aims to pro ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear hazards

    CBRN is an acronym for chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear. It is used to refer to situations in which a threat is manifested by the presence or use of any of such agents. Sometimes the acronym is extended to CBRNE, where the E refers to the th ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Foreign fats in chocolate

    Discontinued activity The so-called Chocolate Directive (Directive 2000/36/EC) allows the addition of up to 5% of vegetable fats other than cocoa butter, the so-called cocoa butter equivalents (CBEs), in chocolate. If CBEs are added, consumers have to be ...

    24 October 2014

  12. Hydrogen and fuel cells

    Hydrogen can store and deliver energy in a widely useable form, and it is one of the most promising alternative fuels for future energy applications. It can be produced pollution-free, without carbon dioxide emissions and it decreases our dependence on dw ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Natural radiation

    In the absence of nuclear accidents with a major release of radioactive material to the environment, the annual dose received by the public at large is almost completely due to exposure to natural radioactivity. In order to provide the public with a more ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Organic food and sustainable agriculture

    Food scares have increased consumer awareness in all aspects of food safety and quality. As a result, consumers have increasingly expressed preferences with respect to agricultural practices and geographical origin. Policy makers also have recognised the ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Reference materials for environmental analysis

    The protection of the environment is amongst the highest priorities worldwide. The identification of environmental pollution is based on monitoring campaigns that periodically assess the quality of our water, soil and air. The reliability and comparabilit ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Reference materials for materials science

    Maintaining and enhancing competitiveness of European companies is a prerequisite for increasing the level of employment in the European Union and to ensure sustained wealth of its citizens. The Europe 2020 strategy recognises this need and proposes measu ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Reference materials for microbiology and pathogens

    The regular occurrence of food borne pathogen related outbreaks in the EU, the ongoing struggle with pathogens in health care and public health as well as the security threat related to the potential misuse of pathogens emphasise the need for an adequate ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Reference materials for nuclear safeguards, safety and security

    Nuclear safety, security and non-proliferation are absolute priorities for the EU, supporting the international initiative on a holistic Safety, Security and Safeguards (“3S”) concept for nuclear energy. The European Commission as guardian of the Treaties ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Reference materials for clinical analysis

    The measurement of biomarkers, mainly in blood, is performed in many thousands of hospital laboratories.  The results are used to monitor health status, screen for disease, support diagnosis, and monitor the effect of therapies for diseases. However, meas ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Sustainable transport and fuels

    The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achie ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Nuclear knowledge management, training and education

    Since 1990, the EU has been building up its nuclear knowledge base. Several incidents turned public opinion against nuclear power, leading to a gradual phasing out of nuclear energy in several EU Member States. Younger generations' interest in nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Nuclear safeguards and security

    Nuclear safeguards are measures to verify that states do not use nuclear materials to develop weapons and that they respect their obligations under international non-proliferation treaties. The development and implementation of safeguards and other nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Nuclear safety

    In the area of nuclear safety, the JRC addresses the key science and technology challenges to maintain and improve safety level and competitiveness of fission technologies, covering existing (GenII), evolutionary (GenIII) and advanced/sustainable (GenIV) ...

    30 April 2014

  24. GMOs

    The number of genetically modified crops and the area cultivated with them are steadily increasing worldwide. In the EU, only one GM maize is currently cultivated but many other GMO crops are authorised for food and feed use. However, products derived fro ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Food and feed safety

    Food needs to be nutritious, fresh and above all safe. Consumers should be able to have trust in the products they buy. Recent "food crises" such as dioxins in food and feed, mad cow disease, melamine in milk products, plasticisers in sprot drin ...

    30 April 2014