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  1. Health and consumer protection

    The JRC provides scientific and technical support to EU policies on food, consumer products, chemicals and public health. With the aim of protecting general interests and health of European citizens, our scientists assess selected consumer products, as we ...

    19 January 2015

  2. Safety and Security

    The JRC provides European policy makers with scientific and technological advice on safety, security and stability within the EU and beyond. Research, analysis and in-house developed tools support EU policies on border security, including maritime borders ...

    19 January 2015

  3. Alternatives to animal testing and safety assessment of chemicals

    Chemical safety assessment has traditionally been based on animal testing but the EU has been promoting for many years the replacement, reduction, and refinement of animal testing. Further it is also considered that traditional risk assessment approaches ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Bioinformatics

    Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what Bioinformatics is all about. At the JRC, we apply Bioinformatics to genetic data, i.e. to DNA sequences, for the detec ...

    14 November 2014

  5. Human Exposure

    A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important ...

    26 November 2014

  6. Consumer products

    Consumers are in daily contact with a variety of products such as cosmetics, kitchenware or textiles. The safety of these is of primary concern for producers and legislators. The European Commission aims at the highest possible level of consumer protectio ...

    30 April 2014

  7. GMOs

    The number of genetically modified crops and the area cultivated with them are steadily increasing worldwide. In the EU, only one GM maize is currently cultivated but many other GMO crops are authorised for food and feed use. However, products derived fro ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Nanotechnology

    Nanotechnology is a key enabling technology and has great potential for addressing societal challenges including energy supply and health care. Nonetheless, the use of nanomaterials also raises safety concerns, which need to be addressed in a Europe-wide ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Nutrition

    Eating habits can go a long way towards ensuring good health. Low consumption of fruits, vegetables or fibre, and excess intakes of salt, sugars, and trans and saturated fats are among the top contributors to death and disability caused by non-communicabl ...

    17 October 2014

  10. Food contact materials

    What are food contact materials? Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials, kitchen utensils, tableware and food processing equipment. They can be made ...

    10 November 2014

  11. Public Health

    Maintaining the highest possible level of public health protection, especially for an ageing population, is a key challenge for Europe in the changing global socio-economic landscape. Effective public health policies need to address a wide variety of comp ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Healthcare Quality

    Healthcare quality Healthcare quality is the extent to which health services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. Care should be evidence-based and provided in a technically and culturally competent manner with ...

    10 December 2014

  13. Food and feed safety

    Food needs to be nutritious, fresh and above all safe. Consumers should be able to have trust in the products they buy. Recent "food crises" such as dioxins in food and feed, mad cow disease, melamine in milk products, plasticisers in sprot drin ...

    30 April 2014

  14. From the packet to the pan: keeping harmful chemicals out of your food

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of food safety. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Health and consumer protection food/feed, safety, quality, chemical IHCP, IRMM From the packet to the pan: keeping ha ...

    30 April 2014

  15. From mad cows to melamine: reliable food safety testing

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of food safety testing. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Health and consumer protection food/feed, safety, quality IHCP, IRMM From mad cows to melamine: reliable food ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Know what you eat: detecting Genetically Modified Organisms

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of gentically modified organisms. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Health and consumer protection GMO, food/feed, safety IHCP Know what you eat: detecting Genetically ...

    30 April 2014

  17. TBTC induces adipocyte differentiation in human bone marrow long term culture

    Organotins are widely used in agriculture and in chemical industry, causing persistent and widespread pollution. Organotins may affect the brain, liver and immune system and eventually human health. Recently, it has been shown that tributyltin (TBT) inter ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Toxicity of inorganic arsenic and its metabolites on haematopoietic progenitors?in vitro?: comparison between species and sexes.

    Inorganic arsenic (iAs) and its metabolites are transferred to the foetus through the placental barrier and this exposure can compromise the normal development of the unborn. For this reason, we assessed the toxicity of sodium arsenite (iAsIII) and its me ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Scientific and Technical Contribution to the Development of an Overall Health Strategy in the Area of GMOs

    The present report is the outcome of Project "Scientific and technical contribution to the development of an overall health strategy in the area of GMOs" carried out by the JRC-IHCP Biotechnology & GMOs Unit in the frame of study contract CT ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Search for a more adequate test to predict the long-term migration from the PVC gaskets of metal lids into oily foods in glass jars

    As shown previously, the conventional testing procedure for simulating long-term migration from the gaskets of metal closures into oily foods does not adequately reflect reality. It appears to be impossible to accelerate migration to the extent that the s ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Inflammation and reactive oxygen/nitrogen species in glial/neuronal cultures

    Inflammation contributes to a wide variety of brain pathologies. In this chapter methods are described for using microglia and astrocytes in culture to investigate inflammatory processes and inflammatory neurodegeneration, including the use of neuronal/gl ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Excitation functions and yields for cyclotron production of radiorhenium via natW(p,xn)181-186gRe nuclear reactions and tests on the production of 186gRe using enriched 186W

    Excitation functions and thin-target yields for the 181-186gRe radionuclides were measured by the stacked-foil activation technique on natural tungsten foils for different proton energies up to 22.0 MeV. A further check on the cross sections was done by i ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Compendium of reference methods for GMO analysis

    This report has been produced by the Joint Research Centre as European Union Reference Laboratory for GM Food and Feed, in collaboration with the European Network of GMO Laboratories. It aims at providing a list of reference methods for GMO analysis that ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Experimental results of an accelerator-driven neutron activator for medical radioisotope production

    In the framework of the EC funded INBARCA project (Innovative Nanosphere Brachytherapy with Adiabatic Resonance Crossing using Accelerators) a compact, accelerator driven neutron activator has been designed and constructed, with the aim of efficiently uti ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Selective inhibition of B lymphocytes in TBTC-treated human bone marrow long-term culture

    Tributyltin chloride (TBTC) is well known for its immunotoxic effect, in particular towards immature thymocytes. TBTC is also known to induce adipocyte differentiation in primary human bone marrow cultures, which is reflected in the decrease in a number o ...

    30 April 2014