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While the share of renewable power generation is increasing, fossil fuels are expected to continue playing an important role in Europe in the short and medium term. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion in power generation contribute to approximately 30% at EU level. Moreover, process industries like cement, iron and steel, aluminium, pulp and paper, and refineries, have inherent CO2 emissions resulting from raw material conversion.

Raw materials are essential to our everyday lives.  Millions of European jobs rely on the availability of raw materials. They feed the industrial sector and all the economic activities downstream. Ensuring the security and the sustainability of the supply of raw materials is essential. The EU’s raw materials policies aim to help raise industry's contribution to EU GDP to around 20% by 2020.

The JRC is studying the implications of the emergence of quantum technologies on European policies. With the goal of giving the European institutions foresight to inform policy decision makers, the JRC is exploring possible areas of intervention to seize on opportunities and to respond to the new realities that the use of quantum technologies could bring along.
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EHRO-N was established in 2011, in the framework of the EURATOM treaty, to determine the situation of nuclear-educated Human Resources, skills and competences in Europe, assess the trends and suggest policy options for improvement.

The JRC carries out research aimed at preventing and mitigating industrial accidents and technological accidents due to natural disasters, as well as at improving safety in construction.

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Public participation in radioactive waste management (RWM) constitutes the first project of the Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge (E-TRACK). Given the legally binding requirements for transparency of the Council Directive 2011/70/EURATOM on spent fuel and radioactive waste, the European Commission considers it useful to provide steady and continuous support in the very near future.

Governance, Public sector Innovation and Social Change
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Digital Single Market
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ICT industry and ICT R&D in Europe
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