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  1. Water

    Water represents a societal challenge. On a planet where 70% of the surface is covered by water, only 1% of this amount is actually usable freshwater. In the European Union, water scarcity and droughts already affect one third of the European territory an ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Water biodiversity

    Freshwater ecosystems are among the most degraded and threatened ecosystems at the global scale. Given the likelihood that demand for available water resources in Europe and worldwide will increase in the future, water ecosystem services need to be protec ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Water governance

    Rivers and seas are a common resource for the countries that share their basins. A key example in Europe is the Danube river which is 2 800 km long, passes through 10 countries and receives water from 19 countries. The JRC’s activities focus on assessing ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Water retention of salt affected soils: quantitative estimation using soil survey information

    Article presenting a quantative estimation of the water retention of salt affected soils using soil survey information. Soil water retention (SWR) at-0.1,-33,-1500 and-150000 kPa matric potentials and available water content (AWC) were estimated from info ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Testing the robustness of HCRs applied to Baltic pelagic stocks- Working Document in support to the STECF Expert Working Group 12-02 Management Plans- part 1

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report providing results of tests on the robustness of the target fishing mortality (F trgt) and biomass trigger (B trg) used on the harvest control rule (HCR) of the Baltic pelagic stocks. This work replies to a requ ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Drinking Water Quality Standards and Regulations

    Article presenting information on the legislation and standard for drinking water quality. This first chapter in the monograph on the Best Practice Guide on Metals Removal from Drinking Water by Treatment gives a short introduction in the legislation and ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Chemical-monitoring on-site exercises to harmonize analytical methods for priority substances in the European Union

    Article presenting the main results obtained in the three collaborative intercomparison exercises carried out on European rivers (Po, Danube and Meuse), highlighting the gaps of the methods employed for Water Framework Directive monitoring. The Water Fram ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Guidance for sediment and biota monitoring under the Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive

    Article presenting the key features of the Commission's guidance document on enhancing  the degree of harmonisation among EU countries in chemical monitoring of sediments and biota in water. Environmental Quality Standard (EQS) Directive 2008/105/EC ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Science at the core of water solutions- Some JRC examples

    JRC's scientific support aims at tackling related challenges such as water availability, quality, efficiency, protection of ecosystems and extreme weather events. (2012) 2012 Brochures Environment and climate change water biodiversity ecosystem resou ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Thematic Network for a Phebus FPT1 International Standard Problem (THENPHEBISP)

    The THENPHEBISP 2-year thematic network was concerned with the OECD/CSNI International Standard Problem No. 46, iteself based on Phebus FPT1 core degradation/source term experiment. The main aim was to assess the capability of computer codes to model in a ...

    30 April 2014

  11. A pan-European River and Catchment Database

    Digital data on river networks, lakes and drainage basins (catchments) are an important pre-requisite for modelling hydrological processes, including the analysis of pressures and their impact on water resources. Datasets covering extensive areas such as ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Assessment of PALSAR ScanSAR calibration and impacts for wetland applications

    ALOS PI proposal 217, titled?A Study of Tropical Wetlands dynamics by PALSAR and AVNIR-2?, is set out to assess the utility of ALOS AVNIR-2 and PALSAR ScanSAR data for characterization of the temporal and spatial properties of regional-scale inundation in ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Hydrodynamic Analysis and Design of High-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Model Penetrators

    Abstract not available VISINTINI Livio MARAZZI R. 1990 EUR- Scientific and Technical Research Reports Joint Research Centre Corporate Activities Nuclear safety and security nuclear reactor water waste modelling Corporate IET CEC http://publications.jrc.ec ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Lattice Location of Oxygen Atoms in UO2 Single Crystals Leached in Water.

    The effects of aqueous oxidation of (100)-oriented UO2 single crystals have been studied by means of the RBS/channeling technique. The) sublattice is analysed by using the 160(4He,4He)160 resonance at 3045 keV. A strong flux-peaking effect is observed in ...

    30 April 2014

  15. A Map of European Emissions and Concentrations of PFOS and PFOA

    A spatially distributed dataset of measured concentrations of perfluorooctansulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) was used, together with climatologically averages of river flow, to estimate their overall aqueous emissions from the European Conti ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Size spectra of lake fish assemblages: responses along gradients of general environmental factors and intensity of lake-use

    1. The size structure of communities is shaped by biotic and abiotic interactions. Therefore, comparative analyses of size spectra may reveal the major drivers governing patterns and processes in size-structured communities. 2. We tested the suitability o ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Winter ecology of shallow lakes: strongest effect of fish on water clarity at high nutrient levels

    While the structuring role of fish in lakes is well studied for the summer season in North temperate lakes, little is known about their role in winter when fish activity and light irradiance potentially are lower. This is unfortunate as the progressing cl ...

    30 April 2014

  18. The Multidimensional Poverty Assessment Tool (MPAT): Robustness issues and Critical assessment

    The Multidimensional Poverty Assessment Tool (MPAT) was developed by the UN International Fund for Agricultural Development with a view to assess local-level poverty in rural regions around the globe. The MPAT is a survey-based thematic indicator of ten d ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Why do Phytoplankton Species Composition and Traditional Water Quality Parameters Indicate Different Ecological Status of a Large Shallow Lake?

    Long-term data on phytoplankton species composition in large and shallow Lake V?rtsjarv indicated a sharp deterioration of the ecological status at the end of the 1970s. The more traditional water quality indicators, such as the concentrations of total nu ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Workshop Report: River Basin-Specific Pollutants- Identification and Monitoring

    Besides the set of Priority Substances laid down in Annex X of the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD), which are regulated and to be monitored at EU level, the EU Member States (MS) need to identify pollutants of regional or local importance (in p ...

    30 April 2014

  21. An Overview of TACIS and PHARE Nuclear Safety Projects Related to Thermalhydraulics

    Since 1991, the European Commission has been supporting the transition in Eastern countries through the TACIS Programme (for the New Independent States) and PHARE Programme (for the Central Eastern European Countries). One priority for Tacis or Phare fund ...

    30 April 2014

  22. The Impact of Climate Change on Lakes in Northern Europe

    In Northern Europe, most lakes are characterized by extended periods of winter ice cover, high spring inflow from snow melt and brown water produced by the transport of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from the surrounding catchments. In this chapter, the p ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Marine and Coastal Information Systems for Europe and Africa

    Marine Information Systems for Europe (EMIS, http://emis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/) and Africa (AMIS, http://amis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/) have been recently developed at the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission to provide the Users with an appropriate set ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Agricultural Externalities and Environmental Regulation: The Case of Manure Management and Spreading Land Allocation

    The aim of this paper is firstly to show how the measures introduced by the European regulation on manure management are incorporated into the theoretical analysis framework for studying the issue of nonpoint externality and more especially, agricultural ...

    30 April 2014

  25. SWAT Modelling at Pan European Scale: the Danube Basin Pilot Study

    A harmonised pan European assessment of water resources availability and quality as affected by various management options is necessary for a successful implementation of European environmental legislation. In this context we developed a methodology to pr ...

    30 April 2014