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  1. Crop yield forecasting

    Crop yield forecasts and crop production estimates are necessary at EU and Member State level to provide the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision makers with timely information for rapid decision-making during the growing season. Estimates of cr ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Environmental monitoring

    Environmental monitoring can be described as a programme of recurring, systematic studies that reveals the state of the environment. The specific aspects of the environment to be studied are determined by environmental objectives and environmental legisla ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Emergency support – radioecological monitoring

    In the event of a radiological or nuclear accident where there are releases to the atmosphere or aquatic environment, it is important to rapidly and accurately interpret and evaluate the consequences of the results being measured. The EU information excha ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Monitoring of climate and climate change

    Coherent greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories and projections are needed to help improve the effectiveness of climate policy. The JRC supports long-term GHG monitoring, in particular within the European Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) Inf ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Space technologies for disaster risk reduction and response

    Measuring and anticipating the effects of future natural hazards is important in order to implement measures to mitigate the effects of disasters. In all phases of crisis management, satellite-derived information plays an essential role as a synoptic, ind ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Agricultural monitoring

    Agricultural monitoring is carried out at the JRC mainly to distinguish, identify and measure the main crop production areas in Europe, estimate production early in the year and check the validity of farmers’ applications for EU subsidies. The European Co ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Monitoring fiscal imbalances

    The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is a rule-based framework for the coordination of national fiscal policies in the economic and monetary union (EMU). It was established to safeguard sound public finances, an important requirement for EMU to function pr ...

    19 January 2015

  8. Macroeconomic analysis for monitoring EU economic stance

    The JRC supports the Commission’s Directorate-General (DG) for Economic and Financial Affairs in the development, estimation and simulation of QUEST III, the dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model used by the Commission to analyse the status of the ...

    19 January 2015

  9. Review of Technological Risk Management in the EU- Example of the European Energy Risks Monitor (ERMON) Project

    After mapping of current European Union regulations on the management of accidental risks related to natural hazards and different industrial activities, this paper discusses insights from past European Commission initiatives on harmonisation of risk asse ...

    30 April 2014

  10. A pan-European River and Catchment Database

    Digital data on river networks, lakes and drainage basins (catchments) are an important pre-requisite for modelling hydrological processes, including the analysis of pressures and their impact on water resources. Datasets covering extensive areas such as ...

    30 April 2014

  11. A Map of European Emissions and Concentrations of PFOS and PFOA

    A spatially distributed dataset of measured concentrations of perfluorooctansulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) was used, together with climatologically averages of river flow, to estimate their overall aqueous emissions from the European Conti ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Hydrogen Sensors in Systems for Alternative Fuels

    The whole infrastructure of hydrogen production, transport, storage, distribution and final comsumption has to be monitored by means of adequate gas sensors. Several types are available both for safety monitoring and fuel delivery control at fuel cells an ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Wages and prices in Europe before and after the onset of the Monetary Union

    This paper investigates possible structural changes induced by the Euro on the relations amongwages, prices and unemployment for the five major European economies. The dynamic adjustment and the level relations are found to be different across subperiods ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Background Guide for the Calculation of Land Carbon Stocks in the Biofuels Sustainability Scheme Drawing on the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

    This Guide covers the calculation of carbon-stock changes in soil and above- and below-ground vegetation due to land use conversion in support of Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, particularly for assessing ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Does capacity utilisation help estimating the TFP cycle?

    In the production function approach, accurate output gap assessment requires a careful evaluation of the TFP cycle. In this paper we propose a bivariate model that links TFP to capacity utilization and we show that this model improves the TFP trend-cycle ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Workshop Report: River Basin-Specific Pollutants- Identification and Monitoring

    Besides the set of Priority Substances laid down in Annex X of the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD), which are regulated and to be monitored at EU level, the EU Member States (MS) need to identify pollutants of regional or local importance (in p ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Issues on clustering and data gridding

    This contribution addresses clustering issues in presence of densely populated data points with high degree of overlapping. In order to avoid the disturbing effects of high dense areas we suggest a technique that selects a point in each cell of a grid def ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Changes in the Fiscal Stance and the Composition of Public Spending

    We consider the impact of both cyclical and structural changes in the fiscal stance on public spending composition for a panel of EU countries, including individual components of public investment. We find that both cyclically-induced and structural chang ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Foreign Ownership and Corporate Performance: The Czech Republic at EU Entry

    Does foreign ownership improve corporate performance, or do foreign firms merely select more productive targets for takeover? Do workers benefit from foreign acquisitions? We answer these questions by comparing the before/after change in several performan ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Tropical Forest Mapping at Regional Scale using the GRFM SAR Mosaics over Amazon in South America

    Main focus of the work described in this thesis is on the estimation of tropical vegetation cover using as data source continental scale Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) mosaics at 100 m spatial resolution. These radar mosaics were acquired over the South A ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Impacts of Europe's Changing Climate- 2008 Indicator Based Assessment

    Background and objective This report is an update and extension of the 2004 EEA report 'Impacts of Europe's changing climate'. Since 2004, there has been much progress in monitoring and assessing the impacts of climate change in Europe. The ...

    30 April 2014

  22. The Impact of Climate Change on Lakes in Northern Europe

    In Northern Europe, most lakes are characterized by extended periods of winter ice cover, high spring inflow from snow melt and brown water produced by the transport of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from the surrounding catchments. In this chapter, the p ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Evaluation of the Difference of Eight Model Applications to Assess Diffuse Annual Nutrient Losses from Agricultural Land

    The capability of eight nutrient models to predict annual nutrient losses (nitrogen and phosphorus) at catchment scale have been studied in the EUROHARP project. The methodologies involved in these models differ profoundly in their complexity, level of pr ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Biophysical models for cropping system simulation

    The definition of mathematical models to estimate plants growth as a function of environmental variables has started many decades ago, for instance expressing the biomass growth of a plant as a function of the solar radiation intercepted (Warren Wilson, 1 ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Basel III: a macro-economic cost-benefit analysis

    The present work proposes a new methodology to estimate the reduction in the probability of occurrence of a systemic banking crisis entailed by the implementation of the Basel III framework for banking regulation. This is achieved by making use of the SYM ...

    30 April 2014