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  1. Crop yield forecasting

    Crop yield forecasts and crop production estimates are necessary at EU and Member State level to provide the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision makers with timely information for rapid decision-making during the growing season. Estimates of cr ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Environmental monitoring

    Environmental monitoring can be described as a programme of recurring, systematic studies that reveals the state of the environment. The specific aspects of the environment to be studied are determined by environmental objectives and environmental legisla ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Agricultural monitoring

    Agricultural monitoring is carried out at the JRC mainly to distinguish, identify and measure the main crop production areas in Europe, estimate production early in the year and check the validity of farmers’ applications for EU subsidies. The European Co ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Emergency support – radioecological monitoring

    In the event of a radiological or nuclear accident where there are releases to the atmosphere or aquatic environment, it is important to rapidly and accurately interpret and evaluate the consequences of the results being measured. The EU information excha ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Macroeconomic analysis for monitoring EU economic stance

    The JRC supports the Commission’s Directorate-General (DG) for Economic and Financial Affairs in the development, estimation and simulation of QUEST III, the dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model used by the Commission to analyse the status of the ...

    01 September 2015

  6. Monitoring fiscal imbalances

    The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is a rule-based framework for the coordination of national fiscal policies in the economic and monetary union (EMU). It was established to safeguard sound public finances, an important requirement for EMU to function pr ...

    02 September 2015

  7. Monitoring of climate and climate change

    Coherent greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories and projections are needed to help improve the effectiveness of climate policy. The JRC supports long-term GHG monitoring, in particular within the European Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) Inf ...

    01 September 2015

  8. Space technologies for disaster risk reduction and response

    Measuring and anticipating the effects of future natural hazards is important in order to implement measures to mitigate the effects of disasters. In all phases of crisis management, satellite-derived information plays an essential role as a synoptic, ind ...

    02 September 2015

  9. The first year of implementation of the LPIS quality assessment in the frame of Comm. Reg. No 1122/2009 art. 6.2

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the JRC activities and developments of the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS) quality assurance framework during 2011. This document reports on the JRC activities on and developments of the LPI ...

    30 April 2014

  10. LPIS Quality Assurance Framework- ANNEX III: The concept of land cover and “eligible hectares"

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the concept of the land cover mapping used in the Executable Test Suite (ETS) and the way to express the raw ETS observations (mapped land cover and landscape features) in eligibility terms, using an ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Challenges in transnational research programming: the role of NETWATCH

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report exploring the current use and future potential of NETWATCH and other related platforms in guiding and monitoring transnational R&I programming, towards increased societal impact and competitiveness. For Eur ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)- Opinion by written procedure- Review of scientific advice for 2013- part I- Advice on stocks in the Baltic Sea (STECF-OWP-12-04).

    JRC Scientifical and Technical Research Report, providing the scientific advice on the stocks and fisheries in the Baltic Sea in 2013. The scientific advice on the stocks and fisheries in the Baltic Sea in 2013 evaluated and endorsed by the Scientific, Te ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Drought Monitoring with Estimates of the Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically-Active Radiation (fAPAR) Derived from MERIS

    Article presenting the methodology adopted within European Drought Observatory (EDO), and the Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically-Active Radiation (fAPAR) data used, in the context of drought monitoring. The Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Act ...

    30 April 2014

  14. LPIS Quality Assurance Framework- ETS Annex I- LPIS data quality measures, version 5.1

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report containing the definition and comprehensive description of the quality measures of the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS) data, which provide the necessary and sufficient information to properly evaluate ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Updated common bio-physical criteria to define natural constraints for agriculture in Europe: Definition and scientific justification for the common biophysical criteria

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report providing the scientific and agronomic rationale for bio-physical criteria, identifying natural constraints (soil and climate) to agriculture in EU27. A panel of soil, climate and land evaluation experts review ...

    30 April 2014

  16. The Role of Contagion in Financial Crises: an Uncertainty Test on Interbank Patterns

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report testing the hypothesis that the interbank matrix can be approximated by its maximum entropy, by verifying if variations in the structure of the interbank matrix lead to significant changes in the magnitude of c ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Processing Indices of Change and Extremes from Regional Climate Change Data

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report outlining how indices of change and extremes from regional climate change data have been standardised to a common map projection, grid size and spatial extent to be directly available for further analysis or in ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Validation of the VIIRS Ocean Color

    Conference contribution presenting initial assessment of the Visible Infrared Sensor (VIIRS) ocean color products including inter-comparisons with satellite and in situ observations. The Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) launched the Suomi National Pola ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)- Analysis of the DCF Annual Reports for 2010 (STECF-12-01)

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report providing evaluation of the Annual Report 2010 of the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF), to advise on a procedure for the identification of data deficiencies. Articles 6(1) and ...

    30 April 2014

  20. An approach with a Business-as-Usual scenario projection to 2020 for the Covenant of Mayors from the Eastern Partnership

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report outlining the methodology for the Covenant of Mayors – East for a business-as-usual projection of emissions for 2020. The methodology for the Covenant of Mayors – East needed to be extended with a business-as-u ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Shale gas for Europe – main environmental and social considerations

    JRC Technical and Policy Research Report providing an overview of shale gas development in the USA, in order to assess the implications of findings with regard to the prospects for shale gas development in the EU by 2020-2030. The purpose of this study is ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Performance criteria to evaluate air quality modeling applications

    Article describing the advantages of a new approach regarding application the dependence of U, a pollutant, on concentrations level where the station is ignored, and an assumption on the pollutant dependent relative error is made. A set of statistical ind ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Proceedings of ESA-EUSC-JRC 8th Conference on Image Information Mining: Knowledge Discovery from Earth Observation Data

    Conference proceedings focusing on automation in support of applications and services for knowledge discovery from EO data, for which Image Information Mining plays a key role. The Image Information Mining 2012 conference is the eighth in the series joint ...

    30 April 2014

  24. European deposit guarantee schemes: revision of risk based contributions using CDS spreads

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report proposing an alternative model for risk-based contributions based on Credit Default Swap (CDS) spreads.     Deposit Guarantee Schemes (DGS) aim at protecting depositors of all credit institutions against bank f ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Chemical-monitoring on-site exercises to harmonize analytical methods for priority substances in the European Union

    Article presenting the main results obtained in the three collaborative intercomparison exercises carried out on European rivers (Po, Danube and Meuse), highlighting the gaps of the methods employed for Water Framework Directive monitoring. The Water Fram ...

    30 April 2014