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  1. Digital Single Market, Platforms and Copyright

    Online services trade in the EU Digital Single Market The creation of a borderless Single Market for trade in goods, services, capital and labour has been a major objective ever since the start of the EU. This objective has been extended to online markets ...

    02 May 2016

  2. ICT R&D and Innovation

    ICT-related innovation represents between 17% and 26% of total innovative output in the EU. With its annual R&D expenditure of €27 Bn (2009), the ICT industry represents 17% of total European Business Expenditure in Research and Development (BERD). Th ...

    07 June 2016

  3. Agricultural markets and international trade

    The EU is the first trader in agricultural products of the world, both in terms of exports and imports. Agricultural trade helps to answer possible food production shortages due to climatic or other reasons. Ultimately, it contributes to the prosperity of ...

    19 January 2015

  4. Commission proposes new e-commerce rules to help consumers and companies reap full benefit of Single Market

    25 May 2016 On 25 May 2016, the European Commission tabled a package of measures to allow consumers and companies to buy and sell products and services online more easily and confidently across the EU. Delivering on its Digital Single Market and Single Ma ...

    25 May 2016

  5. The next wave: 'big data'?

    The paper introduces an overview of the issue of "big data". It provides some "guestimates" of its size (volume, market, features), and investigates the real meaning of the phenomenon based on case studies from big data pioneers and in ...

    23 July 2016

  6. Safety of tattoos and permanent make-up: Final report

    Quick guide Nowadays, tattoos are considered body art and are largely spread. They are applied by injecting coloured inks into the dermis and are meant to stay life long, thus resulting in long term exposure to the chemicals injected including their degra ...

    23 July 2016

  7. An economic assessment of GHG mitigation policy options for EU agriculture (EcAMPA 2)

    The project 'Economic Assessment of GHG mitigation policy options for EU agriculture (EcAMPA)' is designed to assess some aspects of a potential inclusion of the agricultural sector into the EU 2030 climate policy framework. In the context of po ...

    29 June 2016

  8. Market and regulatory factors influencing smart-grid investment in Europe: Evidence from pilot projects and implications for reform

    Electricity distribution system operators (DSOs) are expected to invest heavily in system innovation in the form of smart grids (SG) in order to help achieve energy policy goals. In this context, regulatory reforms to spur DSOs investments are considered ...

    26 June 2016

  9. Behavioural Insights Applied to Policy- Country Overviews 2016

    This document provides for each EU and EFTA country a fact sheet containing examples of policy initiatives either explicitly or implicitly informed by behavioural insights as well as the institutional developments regarding the application of behavioural ...

    23 July 2016

  10. Domestic Support in the European Union

    The engagement of JRC IPTS in contributing to the EU domestic support component of the GTAP database has opened up the opportunity to employ the Clearance Audit Trail System (CATS) database of the European Commission for cataloguing EU domestic support pa ...

    29 May 2016

  11. Safety of tattoos and permanent make-up State of play and trends in tattoo practices

    The European Commission launched the 18-month project "Tattoos and Permanent Make-up" with the aim of collecting data about the use, the ingredients, the EU market and possible health problems associated to tattoo and permanent make-up (PMU) ink ...

    29 May 2016

  12. The Future of Work in the ‘Sharing Economy’. Market Efficiency and Equitable Opportunities or Unfair Precarisation?

    This critical and scoping review essay analyses digital labour markets where labour-intensive services are traded by matching requesters (employers and/or consumers) and providers (workers). It focuses on digital labour markets which allow the remote deli ...

    01 June 2016

  13. An Economic Policy Perspective on Online Platforms

    This report provides an overview of the relevant economic research literature on platforms or multi-sided online markets. It discusses platforms from a regulatory policy angle, including potential market failures in platforms, the extent of self-regulatio ...

    23 May 2016

  14. The economic impact of removing geo-blocking restrictions in the EU Digital Single Market

    In this paper, we present the results of a study which investigated the welfare impact of lifting geo-blocking restrictions to cross-border e-commerce in the EU, using a dataset for consumer electronics products in ten European countries for the period 20 ...

    23 May 2016

  15. Bioeconomy Observatory

    BIOBS https://biobs.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ The Bioeconomy Observatory provides all the latest data and information about bioeconomy, including statistics on investments in research, policy mapping, bioeconomy country profiles, data visualisation and analytical ...

    20 October 2015

  16. Delivery costs and cross-border e-commerce in the EU Digital Single Market

    This paper studies the effects of delivery costs on cross-border e-commerce flows in the EU. For this purpose we use both a firm and a consumer surveys carried out 2015, to analyse the supply and demand side separately. The paper first offers some descrip ...

    11 May 2016

  17. Scoping the Sharing Economy: Origins, Definitions, Impact and Regulatory Issues

    This report selectively draws on the systematic review of a large set of data sources, which is presented elsewhere, and comprises 430 secondary sources (Codagnone, 2016). The report also provides a critical overview of key analytical, empirical, and norm ...

    10 May 2016

  18. Workshop on Big Data

    22 Sep 2015 JRC-IPTS is active in developing data analytics applications for evidence-based policy advice, with a focus on the ICT industry in Europe. Work performed in this field includes tools and methods used to identify EU poles of excellence in ICTs ...

    08 September 2015

  19. Digital Music Consumption on the Internet: Evidence from Clickstream Data

    We use clickstream data on a panel of more than 16,500 European consumers to analyze the relationship between different online music consumption channels. In particular, we revisit the question of sales displacement in the digital era, and analyze how lic ...

    04 May 2016

  20. Even the Losers Get Lucky Sometimes: New Products and the Evolution of Music Quality since Napster

    Using comprehensive digital sales data by time and vintage on the US, Canada, and 15 European countries, we infer the evolution of music vintage quality, finding that vintage service flow has increased since 2000. We explain the result with unpredictabili ...

    04 May 2016

  21. Promoting access to digital content and online sales across the EU

    09 Dec 2015 On 9 December 2015, the European Commission published two new legislative proposals to simplify and promote access to digital content and online sales across the EU. The JRC supported them with research on the economic impact of cross-border e ...

    09 December 2015

  22. What trends for the EU's agricultural commodities in the next 10 years?

    02 Dec 2015 JRC expertise in modelling has fed into the latest issue of the European Commission's agricultural outlook for the next decade. Compiled by the Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development, it was presented at a dedicated con ...

    02 December 2015

  23. EU agricultural domestic support in economic modelling

    03 Jun 2015 The JRC IPTS Agrilife Unit (Agritrade Project) organises a one-day workshop in Seville gathering policy and data experts in order to discuss an accurate representation of EU domestic support for modelling purpose.   The GTAP database is the ma ...

    22 May 2015

  24. Online services in the EU: both local and global, with the US as the dominant supplier

    29 Oct 2015 Online services in the EU are highly fragmented: Europeans surf mostly on US-based websites which account for about 54% of online activity, while activity on EU-based websites accounts for 42%, according to a new JRC report. Only 4% of the EU& ...

    29 October 2015

  25. JRC- IIASA Summer School on Evidence and Policy

    02 Sep 2015 to 04 Sep 2015 The JRC, together with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), will hold a three-day summer school bringing together scientists and policy-makers to learn how to better use evidence for policy-making. A ...

    28 August 2015