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  1. Organic food and sustainable agriculture

    Food scares have increased consumer awareness in all aspects of food safety and quality. As a result, consumers have increasingly expressed preferences with respect to agricultural practices and geographical origin. Policy makers also have recognised the ...

    01 September 2015

  2. Agricultural monitoring

    Agricultural monitoring is carried out at the JRC mainly to distinguish, identify and measure the main crop production areas in Europe, estimate production early in the year and check the validity of farmers’ applications for EU subsidies. The European Co ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Agricultural biodiversity

    Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to structural modifications in farming practices and put pressure on the environment, leading to soil deplet ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Farming in the EU

    The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), representing the second largest share of the EU budget, is an evolving policy area. In the two last decades, support to farmers evolved from price support towards direct payment decoupled from production. Further refo ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Agricultural technological innovation

    The need for technological development in agriculture to achieve "sustainable intensification" is on the agenda of governments and international bodies. Innovation is also at the centre of the EU2020 strategy. New technologies and their adoption ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Agricultural markets and international trade

    The EU is the first trader in agricultural products of the world, both in terms of exports and imports. Agricultural trade helps to answer possible food production shortages due to climatic or other reasons. Ultimately, it contributes to the prosperity of ...

    19 January 2015

  7. Rural development

    Rural areas in the EU represent, according to a standard definition, 91 % of the territory and 56 % of the population. Many of these rural areas face significant environmental and socio-economic challenges. Agricultural practices put pressure on the rural ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Crop yield forecasting

    Crop yield forecasts and crop production estimates are necessary at EU and Member State level to provide the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision makers with timely information for rapid decision-making during the growing season. Estimates of cr ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Microalgae-based products for the food and feed sector: an outlook for Europe

    The European Union has recently adopted an ambitious strategy for developing the Bioeconomy in Europe, in this context algae represents an emerging biological resource of great importance for its potential applications in different fields. In particular, ...

    04 April 2014

  10. Could cultured meat reduce environmental impact of agriculture in Europe?

    This paper assesses the potential of cultured meat to reduce environmental impacts of livestock production in Europe. Cultured meat (i.e. in vitro meat or lab-grown meat) is produced by cultivating livestock muscle cells in a growth media. The environment ...

    11 January 2013

  11. Numerical and Experimental Methodology for the Development of a New Membrane Prototype Intended to Microfiltration Bioprocesses. Application to Milk Filtration

    In tangential flow filtration, the non-uniform TransMembrane Pressure (TMP) on the membrane length produces a non homogeneous filtration cake, initiates process selectivity changes and modifies the permeate quality. The purpose of this study is to create ...

    28 October 2011

  12. MARS Agrometeorological Vol. 18 No. 6

    Difficult season and decrease of planted areas lead to average production levels. BARUTH Bettina, BOJANOWSKI Jedrzej, BUSSAY Attila, EL AYDAM Mohamed, GARCIA DE CORTAZAR ATAURI Inaki, MICALE Fabio, ROSENMUND Alexandra, SEGUINI Lorenzo, KASPERSKA-WOLOWICZ ...

    11 January 2011

  13. Biofuels: a New Methodology to Estimate GHG Emissions Due to Global Land Use Change- A methodology involving spatial allocation of agricultural land demand, calculation of carbon stocks and estimation of N2O emissions

    This study provides a new methodology developed by the JRC IES and IE for estimating changes in soil carbon stocks and GHG emissions resulting from global land use changes caused by the production of biofuels. The first part of this work describes the met ...

    11 January 2011

  14. Indirect Land Use Change From Increased Biofuels Demand- Comparison of Models and Results for Marginal Biofuels Production from Different Feedstocks

    This study compares the ILUC results produced by different economic models for marginal increases in biofuel production from different feedstocks. The work is the result of a survey of marginal calculations launched by the JRC-IE during 2009, involving so ...

    11 January 2011

  15. MARS Bulletin vol. 19 No. 1- Agrometeorological Analysis and Weather Forecast

    Unusual cold December, with possible negative impact in southern Sweden and Volga river, followed by mild January. In the next few days, general seasonal temperatures in the EU (except Finland). Harsh frost in Russia. Favourable rain in Morocco, dry in Me ...

    19 February 2011

  16. MARS Bulletin Vol.19 No.3- Agrometeorological analysis and weather forecast

    First dekad of March was particularly colder compared to the seasonal average values, but during the second dekad the temperatures were generally higher than usual conditions in most regions across Europe. About water supply, Italy faced intensive rainfal ...

    01 April 2011

  17. The Effects of Increased Demand for Biofuels Feedstocks on the World Agricultural Markets and Areas- Outcomes of a Workshop 10-11 February 2010, Ispra (Italy)

    This study is performed under request of DG CLIMA, in support to the preparation of the policy proposal on the assessment of the effects of Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC). Agro-economic models are used to provide estimates of how much cropland area incre ...

    15 April 2011

  18. MARS Bulletin- Vol.19 No.2- Agrometeorological analysis, remote sensing and yield forecast

    A cold December in western Europe; milder weather with wide fluctuations in eastern Europe, the Black Sea basin and Russia. Crop conditions across Europe are considered satisfactory and no major concerns are reported. Western Europe experienced a cold Dec ...

    11 May 2011

  19. MARS Bulletin Vol.19 No. 5- Agrometeorological analysis and weather forecast

    Period of analysis 21 March- 10 April 2011 Starting from the beginning of April the weather turned warm in almost all Europe. Thermal sums exceeded the average by +30-40% and this in conjunction with scarce rainfall and high irradiance levels led to a str ...

    12 May 2011

  20. MARS Bulletin Vol.19 No.4- Crop Atlas maps & Yield forecast

    We currently forecast a total cereal production of 274,5 Mt with an average yield for total cereals of 5.1 t/ha. The forecast production is slightly below the 5 year average but above the production of last year’s campaign. In northern and central Europe ...

    17 June 2011

  21. MARS Bulletin Vol.19 No.6 (2011)- Agrometeorological analysis, crop monitoring and yield forecast

    Western Europe experienced two prevailing events – warm temperatures in April leading to a large GDD surplus, accelerating crop development and a pronounced dry spell from March onwards leading to critical soil moisture values in the United Kingdom, Benel ...

    22 June 2011

  22. MARS Bulletin 2011 Vol.19 No.7

    Despite rainfall in Western Europe yields are revised down At the beginning of June the dry period in western Europe ended. Countries most affected by the dry spell received some beneficial rainfall and more rain is forecast in the coming 10 days bringing ...

    22 July 2011

  23. MARS Bulletin- Vol.19- Special issue No. 1- Crop monitoring in Morocco

    Crop monitoring and yield forecast using CGMS is presented for barley, soft wheat and durum wheat in Morocco. The 2010-2011 crop season started with favourable confitions during the sowing period. The agroweather conditions were also positive during the w ...

    27 August 2011

  24. MARS Bulletin 2011 Vol.19 No.9- Pasture monitoring in Europe

    PRODUCTION LEVELS ABOVE AVERAGE IN MEDITERRANEAN REGION, EASTERN EUROPE, UK AND IRELAND. VULNERABLE REGIONS IN WESTERN EUROPE AS A CONSEQUENCE OF SCARCE RAINFALL DURING SPRING. Temperature accumulation from March to May above average in most of Europe. Wa ...

    03 September 2011

  25. MARS Bulletin 2011 Vol.19 No.12- Rice monitoring in Europe

    Highlights Rice production at EU-27 level is forecast to be close to last year’s values (+0.7%) and is characterized by average yield potential all over Europe. In fact with the exception of very good expectation in France (+10.4%) and Spain (+3.2) yields ...

    16 September 2011