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  1. Integrated sustainability assessments

    Sustainability science is a solution-oriented discipline that studies the complex relationship between nature and humankind, conciliating the mutually influenced scientific and social reference paradigms, and covering multi-temporal and spatial scales. Th ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Sustainability of climate policies

    In addition to carrying out cost analyses, the overall environmental effectiveness of climate change policies, including low-carbon and carbon-free energy technologies investments, must be assessed. The JRC contributes to the EC Flagship Initiatives Resou ...

    02 September 2015

  3. Science for the environment

    A spotlight on the activities of the JRC Institute for Environment and Sustainability in 2008-2009. (June 2010) 2010 Brochures Environment and climate change environment, sustainability, climate IES Science for the environment [4 MB] ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Evaluating the characteristics of a non-standardised Model Requirements Analysis (MRA) for the development of policy impact assessment tools

    The aim of this paper is to provide a critical analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of a nonstandardised Model Requirements Analysis (MRA) used for the purpose of developing the Sustainability Impact Assessment Tool (SIAT). By ‘non-standardised’ we me ...

    03 January 2014

  5. Biofuels: a New Methodology to Estimate GHG Emissions Due to Global Land Use Change- A methodology involving spatial allocation of agricultural land demand, calculation of carbon stocks and estimation of N2O emissions

    This study provides a new methodology developed by the JRC IES and IE for estimating changes in soil carbon stocks and GHG emissions resulting from global land use changes caused by the production of biofuels. The first part of this work describes the met ...

    11 January 2011

  6. Indirect Land Use Change From Increased Biofuels Demand- Comparison of Models and Results for Marginal Biofuels Production from Different Feedstocks

    This study compares the ILUC results produced by different economic models for marginal increases in biofuel production from different feedstocks. The work is the result of a survey of marginal calculations launched by the JRC-IE during 2009, involving so ...

    11 January 2011

  7. The Effects of Increased Demand for Biofuels Feedstocks on the World Agricultural Markets and Areas- Outcomes of a Workshop 10-11 February 2010, Ispra (Italy)

    This study is performed under request of DG CLIMA, in support to the preparation of the policy proposal on the assessment of the effects of Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC). Agro-economic models are used to provide estimates of how much cropland area incre ...

    15 April 2011

  8. Supporting Environmentally Sound Decisions for Bio-waste Management- A practical guide to Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

    This guidance document provides European, National and regional/local waste policy makers, waste managers, and businesses with the background to implement the Waste Framework Directive for bio-waste policy in a more sustainable way. This can be achieved b ...

    08 November 2011

  9. Supporting Environmentally Sound Decisions for Waste Management- A technical guide to Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for waste experts and LCA practitioners

    This guide focuses on the most relevant technical aspects that need to be considered when applying Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to the waste management sector. Main focus is put on the environmental pillar of sustainability. I ...

    08 November 2011

  10. Critical Issues in Estimating ILUC Emissions- Outcomes of an Expert Consultation

    Under request of DG ENER and CLIMA, the JRC organised in November 2010 an expert consultation, grouping world-recognised academics and experts in the field on Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) effects caused by increased use of biofuels. This consultation a ...

    03 December 2011

  11. The obligation of sustainable fisheries management: Review of endured failures and challenges in exploitation of the living sea

    book chapter review of fisheries management towards sustainablity RAETZ Hans-Joachim 2012 Articles in books Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen Agriculture and food security, Environment and climate change sustainability, sea, fish, e ...

    17 April 2012

  12. Les Forêts du Bassin du Congo- Etat des Forêts 2010 [The Congo Basin forests- State of the Forests 2010]

    Les forêts du bassin du Congo couvrent 200 millions d’hectares au cœur du continent africain. Tout à la fois, elles représentent la ressource quotidienne de 60 millions de personnes, produisent des moyens financiers pour les Etats de la région par l’explo ...

    17 April 2012

  13. International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Data Network- Compliance rules and entry-level requirements

    The International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) provides a common basis for consistent, robust and quality-assured life cycle data and studies. Such data and studies support coherent SCP instruments, such as Ecolabelling, Ecodesign, Carbon footp ...

    20 April 2012

  14. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)- North Sea and Kattegat scoping for mixed fisheries (STECF-12-04)

    This document forms a report of work in progress of STECF EWG 12-02 which met in Rostock, Germany to provide an evaluation of status of stocks and fisheries in the North Sea and Kattegat. For NS most stocks except NS cod are near to exploitation at Fmsy. ...

    25 May 2012

  15. Comparison of modelling approaches to simulate the phenology of the European corn borer under future climate scenarios

    The thermal time approach is one of the most widely used method to simulate the phenological development of insects. Despite a large body of literature supporting the evidence that the organism physiological response to temperature is nonlinear, including ...

    24 October 2012

  16. FLA anticipate Sustainable Development Challenges for Better Policy Support

    This chapter explores current and forthcoming sustainable development challenges. By comparing the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (European Council, 2006), its related monitoring reports and the ´Facing the future: time for the EU to meet global chal ...

    24 October 2012

  17. Sustaining forest landscape connectivity under different land cover change scenarios

    Managing forest landscapes to sustain functional connectivity is considered one of the key strategies to counteract the negative effects of climate and human-induced changes in forest species pools. With this objective, we evaluated whether a robust netwo ...

    10 November 2012

  18. Overview of the Global PV Industry

    Since more than 10 years photovoltaics is one of the fastest growing industries with growth rates well beyond 40% per annum. This growth is driven not only by the progress in materials and processing technology, but by market introduction programmes in ma ...

    07 December 2012

  19. Chapter3: Use of Earth Observation Technology to Monitor Forests over the Globe

    As presented in Chapters 1 and 2, forests provide crucial ecosystem services. In this respect it is important to tackle the technical issues surrounding the ability to produce accurate maps and consistent estimates of forest type, location, area, conditio ...

    09 January 2013

  20. Environmental sustainability assessment of a short wood supply chain

    Forest-based products and related industries make up one of the most important sectors in European Union, representing about 10% of the total manufacturing industries. Nowadays, the forest-wood supply chain is a complex system and groups several different ...

    11 January 2013

  21. International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Handbook: Review schemes for Life Cycle Assessment

    Quality and consistency of life cycle based decision support are essential in public policy and business context. Those can and should be supported by ‘critical review’ of underlying data and of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies themselves. A review ass ...

    23 March 2013

  22. Classifying and browsing LCA studies: the new functionalities of the LCA Resource Directory.

    Context The European Commission (EC) recognised Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as “the best framework for assessing the potential environmental impacts of products”. It also identified “the need to improve data availability and quality worldwide by internati ...

    22 March 2013

  23. European Guidelines for measuring the Environmental Footprint of Products and Organisations

    In close co-operation, DG Environment and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission are developing two harmonised European methodologies for measuring the Environmental Footprint of products (covering goods and services) and organisations. The ...

    23 March 2013

  24. From science to support decision making: recommendations and challenges in Life Cycle Impact Assessment

    In the last years, several methodologies have been developed for Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) and some efforts have been made towards their harmonisation. In this context, JRC led a “science to decision support” process which resulted in the Intern ...

    05 April 2013

  25. A high resolution population grid map for Europe

    Population figures are usually collected by national statistical institutes at small enumeration units (e.g. census tracts or building units). However, still for many countries in Europe, data are distributed at coarser geographical units like municipalit ...

    29 March 2013