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  1. Sustainable transport and fuels

    The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achie ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Hydrogen and fuel cells

    Hydrogen can store and deliver energy in a widely useable form, and it is one of the most promising alternative fuels for future energy applications. It can be produced pollution-free, without carbon dioxide emissions and it decreases our dependence on dw ...

    30 April 2014

  3. National GHG emissions reduction pledges and 2°C: comparison of studies

    Article providing a comparison study on the Emissions Gap Report (United Nations Environment Programme, December 2010) on expected global greenhouse gas emission levels in 2020. This paper provides further detail based on the Emissions Gap Report (United ...

    30 April 2014

  4. The Calibration of Traffic Simulation Models: Report on the assessment of different Goodness of Fit measures and Optimization Algorithms MULTITUDE Project – COST Action TU0903

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report on the calibration of Traffic Simulation Models, reporting on the assessment of different Goodness of Fit measures and Optimization Algorithms. In the last decades, simulation optimization has received consider ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Decoupling economic growth from carbon dioxide emissions: A decomposition analysis of Italian energy consumption

    Article presenting a decomposition analysis, used to investigate the main factors influencing the CO 2, the CH 4 and the N 2 O emissions of Italian transport activities for the period 1995-2003. A decomposition analysis is used to investigate the main fac ...

    30 April 2014

  6. International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Data Network- Compliance rules and entry-level requirements

    JRC Scientific and Technical report identifying the documents/sources for the implementation of the quality, method, nomenclature, review and documentation compliance rules of the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Data Network. The Int ...

    30 April 2014

  7. JRC Newsletter March/April 2013

    In this issue: Editorial by Amalia Sartori, MEP and chairwoman of the Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) Committee. Cover story: Measuring global pollution and resource use footprint In the news: Bioeconomy observatory to map progress towards a post-pet ...

    30 April 2014

  8. R&D Investment in the Priority Technologies of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan

    The present report estimates the current R&D investments in selected low-carbon energy technologies in the EU-27 funded by the Member States, through the 6th EU Research and Euratom Framework Programmes and by companies with headquarters registered in ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Impact of High Pressure Hydrogen Atmosphere on the Mechanical Properties of Haynes 282 Superalloy

    Haynes 282 alloy is a newly developed nickel-base superalloy, with properties focussed on high creep strength, thermal stability, good weldability and fabricability, which might qualify it as a substitute for established materials like Hastelloy-X or Rene ...

    30 April 2014

  10. The compatibility of EU biofuel policies with global sustainability and the WTO

    The EU's Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28) requires that by 2020 biofuels should account for at least 10% of transport fuel consumption. EU legislation sets out sustainability criteria for biofuels to qualify for this target and procedures for ver ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Hydrogen Tank Filling Experiments at the JRC-IE GASTEF Facility

    Storage of gases under pressure, including hydrogen, is a well-known technique. However the use in vehicles of hydrogen at pressures much higher than those applicable in natural gas cars still requires safety and performance studies with respect to the ve ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Hydrogenation of Carbon Monoxide over Nanostructured Systems- a Mechanochemical Approach

    In this study we investigated the mechanochemical hydrogenation of carbon monoxide over nanostructured FeCo- and Mg2Ni- based catalysts. To this aim powdered materials, prepared by mechanical alloying, were subjected to mechanical treatment under CO+H2 at ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Paving the Way for Standards for Fuel Cells

    Georgis Tsotridis discusses the many benefi ts and challenges of harmonising fuel cell test methods and also protocols through the Fuel Cell Testing, Safety & Quality Assurance (FCTESQA) project, to make the innovative and clean power source ready for ...

    30 April 2014

  14. On the assessment of vehicle trajectory data accuracy and application to the Next Generation SIMulation (NGSIM) program data

    Trajectories drawn in a common reference system by all the vehicles on a road are the ultimate empirical data to investigate traffic dynamics. The vast amount of such data made freely available by the Next Generation SIMulation (NGSIM) program is therefor ...

    30 April 2014

  15. White Certificates for the Transport Sector- an Opportunity Not Taken?

    A lot of policy interest and analysis has been focussed on savings obligations imposed on energy market actors (mainly electricity and gas distributors or suppliers), coupled possibly with trading of certified energy savings or of savings obligations. Whi ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Assessment of PEFC Performance by Applying Harmonized Testing Procedure

    The performance of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEFC) stacks is assessed in terms of polarization curve measurements under laboratory conditions by applying a harmonized testing procedure. Harmonization at the level of testing procedures allows ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Effects of low temperature on the cold start gaseous emissions from light duty vehicles fuelled by ethanol-blended gasoline

    According to Directives 2003/30/EC and 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and the Council, Member States should promote the use of biofuel. Consequently, since January 2011 all fuels on the market used for transport purpose must contain a fraction of 5 ...

    30 April 2014

  18. The Effects of Increased Demand for Biofuels Feedstocks on the World Agricultural Markets and Areas- Outcomes of a Workshop- 10-11 February 2010, Ispra (Italy)

    This study is performed under request of DG CLIMA, in support to the preparation of the policy proposal on the assessment of the effects of Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC). Agro-economic models are used to provide estimates of how much cropland area incre ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Computation of Thermal Conductivity of Gas Diffusion Layers of PEM Fuel Cells

    The thermal conductivity of the GDL plays an important role in the management of the heat transfer in PEM fuel cells and therefore is important for simulation of fuel cell performance and for fuel cell design. While the measurement of thermal conductivity ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Tips on Choosing a Hydrogen Safety Sensor

    As the number of stationary and mobile applications using hydrogen steadily increases, due in part to an increase in hydrogen demonstration projects, project engineers and scientists are faced with the dilemma regarding which hydrogen sensor to use for th ...

    30 April 2014

  21. The hydrogen value chain: applying the automotive role model of the hydrogen economy in the aerospace sector to increase performance and reduce costs

    Hydrogen will assume a key role in Europe?s effort to adopt its energy dependent society to satisfy its needs without releasing vast amounts of greenhouse gases. The paradigm shift is so paramount that one speaks of the ``Hydrogen Economy??, as the energy ...

    30 April 2014

  22. On-road Emissions of Light-duty Vehicles in Europe

    Type approval is granted in the European Union to light-duty vehicles if these comply with emission limits during standardized emissions testing in the laboratory. Although applicable emission limits have become more stringent in past years, light-duty ve ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Future Automotive Fuels and Power Trains in the European Context- Report, Version 3c

    WELL-TO-WHEELS ANALYSIS OF FUTURE AUTOMOTIVE FUELS AND POWERTRAINS IN THE EUROPEAN CONTEXT The JEC research partners [Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, EUCAR and CONCAWE] have updated their joint evaluation of the well-to-wheels energy use ...

    30 April 2014

  24. SiC-Based Multilayer for Applications in Extreme Environment- H2 Generation Plants

    The purpose of this research is to develop SiC-based multilayers, for applications in extreme environment such as H2 generation plants. Tape casting technology, followed by debinding and sintering at very high temperature (~2200?C) has been used. In Europ ...

    30 April 2014

  25. An Overview of the Organic and Inorganic Phase Composition of Biomass

    An extended overview of the organic and inorganic phase composition of biomass was conducted. Some general considerations and problems related to phase composition of biomass as a solid fuel were discussed initially. Then, reference peer-reviewed data inc ...

    30 April 2014