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  1. Aviation safety

    The causes of aviation accidents are complex to understand: rather than by a single failure, they are usually caused by a sequence of events linked one to the other. Often, the same kind of event has already happened somewhere else in the world without ca ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Railways safety

    The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, a ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Transport sector economic analysis

    Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective tr ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Transport safety and security

    The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of the GDP. The quality and cost of transport services have a major impact on the ability of businesses to compete, on economic growth and the quality of life. Enha ...

    25 June 2014

  5. Maritime safety and security

    Maritime transport enables trade and contacts between all the European nations and provides the main vehicle for European imports and exports to the rest of the world. Almost 90% of the EU external freight trade is seaborne, while short sea shipping repre ...

    05 May 2014

  6. Monitoring container traffic and analysing risk

    90% of the world's cargo is transported in maritime containers, but only 2% is physically inspected by customs authorities, opening the possibility for illicit activities. Today, it is widely believed that the only viable way to control containerised ...

    05 May 2014

  7. Road safety: the digital tachograph

    Tiredness and speeding are common causes of accidents among drivers of lorries and  coaches. To address this issue, the digital tachograph became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU. Since 2004, the JRC has ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Sustainable transport and fuels

    The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achie ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Aviation security

    Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and tech ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Biofuels and bioenergy

    Bioenergy will remain crucial over the next decade in order to reach the renewable energy targets in 2020, which is why the EU member states incorporated the bioenergy option in their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). As the JRC aims to pro ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Hydrogen and fuel cells

    Hydrogen can store and deliver energy in a widely useable form, and it is one of the most promising alternative fuels for future energy applications. It can be produced pollution-free, without carbon dioxide emissions and it decreases our dependence on dw ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Interoperability and e-mobility

    E-mobility refers to clean and efficient transport, using electric vehicles, powered either by batteries or by hydrogen fuel cells. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) have big growth potential, provided that there are also investments in the development of s ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Reference materials for fuel analysis

    Fuel quality is an important energy issue for industry as well as for citizens. When using fuels in car engines or domestic heating systems consumers need to be sure that the fuel does not cause any malfunction or damage to their equipment. Similarly, con ...

    30 April 2014

  14. JRC- Alenia Aeronautica Coupled UAS and Spaceborne SAR Campaign in Italy

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report exploring the feasibility of using Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) for small boat detection, tracking, classification and identification, as well as to study the potential of UAS for maritime surveillance, in par ...

    30 April 2014

  15. JRC – Elbit Systems Coupled UAS and Spaceborne SAR Campaign in Israel

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report analysing feasibility of using Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) for small boat detection, tracking, classification and identification, as well as to study the potential of UAS for maritime surveillance. It present ...

    30 April 2014

  16. JRC- Metasensing Coupled Spaceborne & Airborne SAR Campaign in Rotterdam

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report analysing the feasibility of using new sensors and platforms, such as SAR or Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) for small boat detection, tracking, classification and identification, as well as to study the potentia ...

    30 April 2014

  17. The Calibration of Traffic Simulation Models: Report on the assessment of different Goodness of Fit measures and Optimization Algorithms MULTITUDE Project – COST Action TU0903

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report on the calibration of Traffic Simulation Models, reporting on the assessment of different Goodness of Fit measures and Optimization Algorithms. In the last decades, simulation optimization has received consider ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Decoupling economic growth from carbon dioxide emissions: A decomposition analysis of Italian energy consumption

    Article presenting a decomposition analysis, used to investigate the main factors influencing the CO 2, the CH 4 and the N 2 O emissions of Italian transport activities for the period 1995-2003. A decomposition analysis is used to investigate the main fac ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Interim Evaluation Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community (2007-2013) Direct actions of the Joint Research Centre

    This report presents the interim evaluation of the direct actions by the Joint Research Centre under the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) of the European Community (EC) for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013). ...

    30 April 2014

  20. JRC Newsletter March/April 2013

    In this issue: Editorial by Amalia Sartori, MEP and chairwoman of the Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) Committee. Cover story: Measuring global pollution and resource use footprint In the news: Bioeconomy observatory to map progress towards a post-pet ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Validation of aircraft height extraction from Worldview-1 stereo data

    The satellite Worldview-1 was launched in September 2007; the optical sensor is acquiring panchromatic data of 0.5 m geometric resolution at nadir. A stereo data set covering an urban area was provided by DigitalGlobe to evaluate the potential of object h ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Continuous surveillance and response against operational and accidental pollution at sea

    The maritime sector has been and will continue to be of strategic importance for Europe due to the nature of its economy, topology, history and tradition. Many relevant analyses indicate explicitly or implicitly that shipping stands as the backbone of the ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Impact of High Pressure Hydrogen Atmosphere on the Mechanical Properties of Haynes 282 Superalloy

    Haynes 282 alloy is a newly developed nickel-base superalloy, with properties focussed on high creep strength, thermal stability, good weldability and fabricability, which might qualify it as a substitute for established materials like Hastelloy-X or Rene ...

    30 April 2014

  24. The compatibility of EU biofuel policies with global sustainability and the WTO

    The EU's Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28) requires that by 2020 biofuels should account for at least 10% of transport fuel consumption. EU legislation sets out sustainability criteria for biofuels to qualify for this target and procedures for ver ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Hydrogen Sensors in Systems for Alternative Fuels

    The whole infrastructure of hydrogen production, transport, storage, distribution and final comsumption has to be monitored by means of adequate gas sensors. Several types are available both for safety monitoring and fuel delivery control at fuel cells an ...

    30 April 2014