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  1. Aviation security

    Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and tech ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Biofuels and bioenergy

    Bioenergy will remain crucial over the next decade in order to reach the renewable energy targets in 2020, which is why the EU member states incorporated the bioenergy option in their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). As the JRC aims to pro ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Hydrogen and fuel cells

    Hydrogen can store and deliver energy in a widely useable form, and it is one of the most promising alternative fuels for future energy applications. It can be produced pollution-free, without carbon dioxide emissions and it decreases our dependence on dw ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Monitoring container traffic and analysing risk

    90% of the world's cargo is transported in maritime containers, but only 2% is physically inspected by customs authorities, opening the possibility for illicit activities. Today, it is widely believed that the only viable way to control containerised ...

    05 May 2014

  5. Road safety: the digital tachograph

    Tiredness and speeding are common causes of accidents among drivers of lorries and  coaches. To address this issue, the digital tachograph became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU. Since 2004, the JRC has ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Aviation safety

    The causes of aviation accidents are complex to understand: rather than by a single failure, they are usually caused by a sequence of events linked one to the other. Often, the same kind of event has already happened somewhere else in the world without ca ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Railways safety

    The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, a ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Transport sector economic analysis

    Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective tr ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Security of the supply chain

    Today in the world millions of shipping containers constantly travel and cross national borders. Cargo containers are considered as a weak link in the supply chain as they can be potentially exploited to defraud customs, introduce illicit cargo and breach ...

    27 January 2015

  10. Sustainable transport and fuels

    The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achie ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Transport safety and security

    The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of the GDP. The quality and cost of transport services have a major impact on the ability of businesses to compete, on economic growth and the quality of life. Enha ...

    25 June 2014

  12. Interoperability and e-mobility

    E-mobility refers to clean and efficient transport, using electric vehicles, powered either by batteries or by hydrogen fuel cells. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) have big growth potential, provided that there are also investments in the development of s ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Maritime safety and security

    Maritime transport enables trade and contacts between all the European nations and provides the main vehicle for European imports and exports to the rest of the world. Almost 90% of the EU external freight trade is seaborne, while short sea shipping repre ...

    05 May 2014

  14. Reference materials for fuel analysis

    Fuel quality is an important energy issue for industry as well as for citizens. When using fuels in car engines or domestic heating systems consumers need to be sure that the fuel does not cause any malfunction or damage to their equipment. Similarly, con ...

    30 April 2014

  15. JRC- Alenia Aeronautica Coupled UAS and Spaceborne SAR Campaign in Italy

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report exploring the feasibility of using Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) for small boat detection, tracking, classification and identification, as well as to study the potential of UAS for maritime surveillance, in par ...

    30 April 2014

  16. JRC – Elbit Systems Coupled UAS and Spaceborne SAR Campaign in Israel

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report analysing feasibility of using Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) for small boat detection, tracking, classification and identification, as well as to study the potential of UAS for maritime surveillance. It present ...

    30 April 2014

  17. JRC- Metasensing Coupled Spaceborne & Airborne SAR Campaign in Rotterdam

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report analysing the feasibility of using new sensors and platforms, such as SAR or Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) for small boat detection, tracking, classification and identification, as well as to study the potentia ...

    30 April 2014

  18. The Calibration of Traffic Simulation Models: Report on the assessment of different Goodness of Fit measures and Optimization Algorithms MULTITUDE Project – COST Action TU0903

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report on the calibration of Traffic Simulation Models, reporting on the assessment of different Goodness of Fit measures and Optimization Algorithms. In the last decades, simulation optimization has received consider ...

    30 April 2014

  19. The emerging energy web

    Article describing the multidisciplinary challenges of managing our increasingly interconnected world with a coherent set of solutions. There is a general need of elaborating energy-effective solutions for managing our increasingly dense interconnected wo ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Technical report- Task 7: Europe-centric Light Duty Test Cycle and Differences with Respect to the WLTP Cycle

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report verifying the representativeness of the 'Unified' database and the resulting worldwide harmonised light duty test cycle (WLTC) with respect to the European driving behaviour, including a comparison be ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Decoupling economic growth from carbon dioxide emissions: A decomposition analysis of Italian energy consumption

    Article presenting a decomposition analysis, used to investigate the main factors influencing the CO 2, the CH 4 and the N 2 O emissions of Italian transport activities for the period 1995-2003. A decomposition analysis is used to investigate the main fac ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Unconventional Gas in Europe: Potential Energy Market Impacts

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report which seeks to clarify certain controversies and identify key gaps in the evidence-base relating to unconventional gas. The scope of this report is restricted to the economic impact of unconventional gas on ene ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Will Euro 6 reduce the NOx emissions of new diesel cars?- Insights from on-road tests with Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS)

    Article analysing the gaseous emissions of one novel Euro 6 diesel car and six Euro 4-5 diesel cars with Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS). It suggests that the current type-approval procedure does not adequately capture the on-road NOx emissi ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Post-combustion CO2 capture with monoethanolamine in a combined-cycle power plant: exergetic, economic and environmental assessment

    Article evaluating a post-combustion CO 2 capture technology (chemical absorption with monoethanolamine) with two different possible energy requirements. In this study, a post-combustion CO2 capture technology (chemical absorption with monoethanolamine) h ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Interim Evaluation Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community (2007-2013) Direct actions of the Joint Research Centre

    This report presents the interim evaluation of the direct actions by the Joint Research Centre under the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) of the European Community (EC) for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013). ...

    30 April 2014