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  1. Security of the supply chain

    Today in the world millions of shipping containers constantly travel and cross national borders. Cargo containers are considered as a weak link in the supply chain as they can be potentially exploited to defraud customs, introduce illicit cargo and breach ...

    25 February 2016

  2. European Interoperability Centre for Electric Vehicles and Smart Grids

    EU Interoperability Centre European Interoperability Centre The European Interoperability Centre for Electric Vehicles and Smart Grids combines four new, state-of-the-art laboratories, which bring together knowledge and test facilities in the areas of eff ...

    22 February 2016

  3. Transport sector economic analysis

    Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective tr ...

    02 September 2015

  4. Railways safety

    The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, a ...

    02 September 2015

  5. Aviation safety

    The causes of aviation accidents are complex to understand: rather than by a single failure, they are usually caused by a sequence of events linked one to the other. Often, the same kind of event has already happened somewhere else in the world without ca ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Road safety: the digital tachograph

    Tiredness and speeding are common causes of accidents among drivers of lorries and  coaches. To address this issue, the digital tachograph became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU. Since 2004, the JRC has ...

    02 September 2015

  7. Reference materials for fuel analysis

    Fuel quality is an important energy issue for industry as well as for citizens. When using fuels in car engines or domestic heating systems consumers need to be sure that the fuel does not cause any malfunction or damage to their equipment. Similarly, con ...

    02 September 2015

  8. Monitoring container traffic and analysing risk

    90% of the world's cargo is transported in maritime containers, but only 2% is physically inspected by customs authorities, opening the possibility for illicit activities. Today, it is widely believed that the only viable way to control containerised ...

    02 September 2015

  9. Maritime safety and security

    Maritime transport enables trade and contacts between all the European nations and provides the main vehicle for European imports and exports to the rest of the world. Almost 90% of the EU external freight trade is seaborne, while short sea shipping repre ...

    01 September 2015

  10. Interoperability and e-mobility

    E-mobility refers to clean and efficient transport, using electric vehicles, powered either by batteries or by hydrogen fuel cells. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) have big growth potential, provided that there are also investments in the development of s ...

    10 December 2015

  11. Hydrogen and fuel cells

    Hydrogen can store and deliver energy in a widely useable form, and it is one of the most promising alternative fuels for future energy applications. It can be produced pollution-free, without carbon dioxide emissions and it decreases our dependence on dw ...

    02 September 2015

  12. Biofuels and bioenergy

    Bioenergy will remain crucial over the next decade in order to reach the renewable energy targets in 2020, which is why the EU member states incorporated the bioenergy option in their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). As the JRC aims to pro ...

    04 September 2015

  13. Aviation security

    Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and tech ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Transport safety and security

    The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of the GDP. The quality and cost of transport services have a major impact on the ability of businesses to compete, on economic growth and the quality of life. Enha ...

    25 June 2014

  15. Sustainable transport and fuels

    The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achie ...

    04 September 2015

  16. Putting Science into Standards Workshop: Driving Towards Decarbonisation of Transport

    22 Sep 2016 to 23 Sep 2016 Within the context of the European Forum on Science and Industry, the JRC together with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC), and the European Co ...

    26 April 2016

  17. MELISSA laboratory

    MELISSA The MELISSA laboratory is a state-of-the art experimental facility for developing innovative surveillance applications in the maritime domain. MELISSA stands for Mimo Enhanced LInear Short Synthetic Aperture radar. Its focus is on new ways of usin ...

    21 October 2015

  18. New harmonised test protocols for PEM fuel cells in hydrogen vehicles

    29 Mar 2016 A lack of standards for testing polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells – the most attractive type of fuel cells for powering vehicles – has hampered objective comparative assessment of their performance and durability under operating co ...

    22 March 2016

  19. Enforcement in road transport

    18 Mar 2016 On 18 March 2016 the European Commission adopted common classification of serious and very serious infringements of the European road transport rules, such as improper use of the tachographs – a device recording driving times of lorry and bus/ ...

    18 March 2016

  20. Biofuels from algae: a budding technology yet to become viable

    29 Feb 2016 Despite high expectations and extensive research and investment in the last decade, technological options are still in developing stages and key resources for algal growth are still too onerous for economically viable production of algal biofu ...

    29 February 2016

  21. FiveVB- Developing the next generation of batteries

    The vision of the FiveVB project is to push the European lithium-ion battery industry and academia to take over a leading role in the development and manufacturing of materials and cells. With the aim of providing competitive lithium-ion cells and batteri ...

    29 April 2016

  22. 24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition

    06 Jun 2016 to 09 Jun 2016 The EUBCE is the event in which the members of the bioenergy community can get a broad picture of the situation and trends emerging in today's market. The Conference provides a high-level scientific programme and parallel e ...

    08 January 2016

  23. 6th European Transport Research Conference (TRA2016)

    18 Apr 2016 to 21 Apr 2016 Transport Research Arena 2016 – a transport research event in Europe, gathering every 2 years the key stakeholders:  researchers, experts, operators, industry and policy-makers. TRA2016 Conference aims to contribute to innovatio ...

    03 March 2016

  24. JRC Annual Report 2015

    Report on the activities, accomplishments and resources related to the JRC’s work carried out in 2015. An overview is given of the scientific achievements and activities. lbna27501enn_new.pdf BARRY Geraldine, GONZALEZ VERDESOTO Elena, WCISLO Monika, QUERO ...

    16 April 2016

  25. Biofuels in aviation: Fuel demand and CO2 emissions evolution in Europe toward 2030

    This article presents the results of a scenario-based study carried out at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre aimed at analyzing the future growth of aviation, the resulting fuel demand and the deployment of biofuels in the aviation sector in ...

    22 April 2016