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  1. Reference materials for GMO analysis

    The use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as food/feed needs to be authorised in Europe. Food/feed products containing more than 0.9% of GMOs have to be labelled (Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003) This labelling threshold applies for adventiously added ...

    30 April 2014

  2. GMOs

    The number of genetically modified crops and the area cultivated with them are steadily increasing worldwide. In the EU, only one GM maize is currently cultivated but many other GMO crops are authorised for food and feed use. However, products derived fro ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Know what you eat: detecting Genetically Modified Organisms

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of gentically modified organisms. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Health and consumer protection GMO, food/feed, safety IHCP Know what you eat: detecting Genetically ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Scientific and Technical Contribution to the Development of an Overall Health Strategy in the Area of GMOs

    The present report is the outcome of Project "Scientific and technical contribution to the development of an overall health strategy in the area of GMOs" carried out by the JRC-IHCP Biotechnology & GMOs Unit in the frame of study contract CT ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Certification of Reference Materials of Cotton Seed Powder with Different Mass Fractions of the Cotton Event GHB119- Certified Reference Materials ERM?BF428 (ERM?-BF428a, ERM?-BF428b, ERM?-BF428c)

    This report describes the processing and certification of three cotton seed powder Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) containing different mass fractions of genetically modified (GM) GHB119 cotton (ERM-BF428a, b, c). The materials were processed and cer ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Compendium of reference methods for GMO analysis

    This report has been produced by the Joint Research Centre as European Union Reference Laboratory for GM Food and Feed, in collaboration with the European Network of GMO Laboratories. It aims at providing a list of reference methods for GMO analysis that ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Consequences, Opportunities and Challenges of Modern Biotechnology for Europe

    Modern biotechnology products and processes are an integral part of the EU economy, mainly in manufacturing, including pharmaceuticals, agro-food and healthcare. While some products are not recognizable to the broader public (e.g. the use of genetic marke ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Guidance Document on Measurement Uncertainty for GMO Testing Laboratories

    The report outlines the technical issues related to the estimation of measurement uncertainty (MU) involved in the GMO sector. In particular it gives guidance to GMO testing laboratories how to estimate the analytical variability of quantitative analytica ...

    30 April 2014

  9. SYBR Green qPCR methods for detection of endogenous reference genes in commodity crops: a step ahead in combinatory screening of genetically modified crops in food and feed products

    Identification of crops present in food and/or feed matrices represents an important step in the screening strategies targeting genetically modified organisms (GMO). Soybean, maize, oilseed rape, rice, cotton, sugar beet and potato are to date the most im ...

    30 April 2014

  10. The Modular Approach in GMO Quality Control and Enforcement Support Systems

    The use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is regulated in most countries of the world. These regulations require adequate enforcement measures and detection of GM materials in food and feed products. Given the diversity of GMO, their detection is a ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Deployment of new biotechnologies in plant breeding

    The Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) and the Institute for Health and Consumer Protection (IHCP) of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) conducted a study on "New plant breeding techniques: State-of-the-art ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Compendium of reference methods for GMO analysis

    In accordance with article 32(1) of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004, the European Union Reference Laboratories for feed and food are responsible, among others, for?providing national reference laboratories with details of analytical methods, including referen ...

    30 April 2014

  13. GMOMETHODS: The European Union Database of Reference Methods for GMO Analysis

    In order to provide reliable and harmonized information on methods for GMO (genetically modified organism) analysis we have published a database called?GMOMETHODS? that supplies information on PCR assays validated according to the principles and requireme ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Comparative Regulatory Approaches for new Plant Breeding Techniques

    When the first transgenic plants reached the stage of commercialisation, the existing legislation was regarded as insufficient to regulate these new crops in many countries and governments introduced biotechnology or GMO (genetically modified organisms) l ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Evaluation of plasmid and genomic DNA calibrants used for the quantification of genetically modified organisms

    The reliable quantification of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) by real-time PCR requires, besides thoroughly validated quantitative detection methods, sustainable calibration systems. The latter establishes the anchor points for the measured value a ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Oligonucleotide batch quality has a limited impact on quantitative real-time PCR

    Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) is currently the method of choice for sequence specific quantification of DNA. The design of oligonucleotide primers and probes is essential. Oligonucleotides are available not only from different manufacturers but also i ...

    30 April 2014

  17. European technical guidance document for the flexible scope accreditation of laboratories quantifying GMOs

    The aim of this guidance document is to facilitate harmonised flexible scope accreditation within Europe, according to ISO/IEC 17025:2005 related to quantitative testing of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) by quantitative real-time polymerase chain r ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Comparative regulatory approaches for groups of new plant breeding techniques

    This manuscript provides insights into ongoing debates on the regulatory issues surrounding groups of biotechnology-driven?New Plant Breeding Techniques? (NPBTs). It presents the outcomes of preliminary discussions and in some cases first decisions taken ...

    30 April 2014

  19. How can specific market demand for non-GM maize affect the profitability of Bt and conventional maize? A case study for the middle Ebro Valley, Spain

    This article analyses the consequences that a specific new market for non-GM (genetically modified) compound feed would have on the relative profitability of Bt and conventional maize in the middle Ebro Valley (Spain). The study uses information obtained ...

    30 April 2014

  20. GMO standards, endogenous policy and the market for information

    The paper develops a composite index of GMO standards restrictiveness for 60 countries, assigning objective scores to six different regulatory dimensions. Using this index and its components, we empirically investigate the political and economic determina ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Comparative Testing Report on the Detection and Quantification of Maize Events GA21, TC1507 and MIR604- Comparative testing round: ILC-EURL-GMFF-CT-02/11 version b

    In the frame of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004, the European Union Reference Laboratory for Genetically Modified Food and Feed has the duty to organise comparative testing rounds and to ensure an appropriate follow-up of these activities. This report describ ...

    30 April 2014

  22. The certification of different mass fractions of DAS-44406-6 in soya seed powder: ERM-BF436a, ERM-BF436b, ERM-BF436c, ERM-BF436d and ERM-BF436e

    This report describes the production of a set of Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) ERM BF436a, b, c, d and e, certified for their DAS-44406-6 mass fractions. The material was produced following ISO Guide 34:2009. Genetically modified (GM) seeds of the ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Report on the single-laboratory validation of a PCR-based Detection Method for Identification of Florigene? IFD-25958-3 GM Carnation-Validation Report and Validated Method

    In the context of the application for marketing submitted by Florigene Pty Ltd for a genetically modified carnation line (C/NL/09/01) IFD-25958-3, the European Union Reference Laboratory for GM Food and Feed (EU-RL GMFF) has carried out a single-laborator ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Comparative Testing Report on the Detection and Quantification of Soybean 40-3-2 and Maize MON 88017- Comparative testing round: ILC-EURL-GMFF-CT-02/12- Preliminary report

    In the frame of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004, the European Union Reference Laboratory for Genetically Modified Food and Feed has the duty to organise comparative testing rounds and to ensure an appropriate follow-up of these activities. This preliminary re ...

    30 April 2014

  25. On the asynchronous approvals of GM crops: Potential market impacts of a trade disruption of EU soy imports

    Due to their high protein content, soybeans are important feedstuffs in the European Union (EU). However, the cultivation of soybeans using genetically modified (GM) varieties in non-EU countries is increasing and the EU authorization of GM products takes ...

    30 April 2014