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  1. Crisis management

    Every year natural disasters and crises worldwide cause fatalities and considerable economic losses. In these situations, the EU has one aim- to get help to those who need it as quickly as possible. Reinforcing the EU’s capacity to prevent, prepare for an ...

    19 May 2015

  2. Preparedness for radiological emergencies

    Many of Europe's citizens are concerned about levels of radioactive contamination of the environment. Not just since Chernobyl, but since the signing of the Euratom treaty, the member states have been obliged monitor radiation levels and forward the ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Emergency support – radioecological monitoring

    In the event of a radiological or nuclear accident where there are releases to the atmosphere or aquatic environment, it is important to rapidly and accurately interpret and evaluate the consequences of the results being measured. The EU information excha ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Disaster risk management

    Natural and man-made hazards continuously threaten population in Europe and beyond. Managing risks associated with hazards is based on sound policy making in prevention, preparedness, response, and reconstruction activities. The JRC carries out extensive ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Emergency support – international data and information exchange systems

    During the early phase of a large-scale accident with release of radioactivity to the atmosphere, it is essential to notify and inform competent authorities as early and extensively as possible. To implement Council Decision 87/600, the European Commissio ...

    01 September 2015

  6. Space Weather Impact on the Scandinavian Interconnected Power Transmission System

    Geomagnetic storms (GMS) can seriously affect high voltage transmission power grids. More specifically, GMS can inject geomagnetically induced currents (GICs) into the power network, thus causing instabilities and eventually leading to grid collapse. Sinc ...

    10 December 2015

  7. An economic framework for the development of a resilience index for business recovery

    Several attempts have recently been made to identify the key indicators of community resilience and to group them into an overall resilience index. These studies support the evaluation of the effectiveness of resilience during recovery, and they also help ...

    23 November 2013

  8. A Comprehensive Analysis of Building Damage in the January 12, 2010 M w 7 Haiti Earthquake using High-Resolution Satellite and Aerial Imagery

    The paper provides an account of how three key relief organizations worked together after the devastating Haiti earthquake to produce the first damage assessment based mainly on the use of remotely-sensed imagery. This assessment was jointly conducted by ...

    26 October 2011

  9. Haiti Earthquake of 12 January 2010: Field Damage Assessment, Data Collection and Analysis

    Following the magnitude 7.0 earthquake in Haiti on 12 January 2010 an atlas presenting an overview of building damages in Haiti was produced from a detailed, building by building assessment based on the comparison of pre-earthquake satellite images and po ...

    26 October 2011

  10. On software interoperability in accident consequence assessment

    The interoperability of different risk analysis software tools is a very important aspect that would strongly and effectively support the work of safety authorities in their reviewing activity of safety reports for Seveso-type installations. This reviewin ...

    04 November 2011

  11. Experimental and numerical simulation activities for the assessment of explosion effects in a train station

    The behaviour of structural materials and components at higher strain-rates, and experimental techniques and facilities for relevant studies have been considered. Numerical simulation tools, suitable for fast dynamic phenomena, have also in parallel been ...

    05 November 2011

  12. The EULER project: application of software defined radio in joint security operations

    The task of improving the effectiveness of public safety communications has become a main priority for governments. This is partly motivated by the increased risk of natural disasters such as flooding, earthquakes and fires, and partly, due to the risks a ...

    05 November 2011

  13. Quality control, validation and user feedback of the European Flood Alert System (EFAS)

    The quality control, validation and verification of the European Flood Alert System (EFAS) is described. EFAS is designed as a flood early warning system at pan-European scale, to complement national systems and provide flood warnings more than 2 days bef ...

    17 April 2012

  14. Securing disaster supply chains with cryptography enhanced RFID

    The deployment and management of an ecient supply chain is one of the most important elements in the response to a natural disaster. The chaotic environment and degraded conditions in the aftermath of a natural disaster are severe challenges to the task o ...

    17 April 2012

  15. ESARDA Bulletin n° 46

    Table of Content issue n° 46 ESARDA News The European Commission Cooperative Support Programme: 30 Years of Activities J. G. M. Gonçalves, S. Abousahl, Y. Aregbe, W. Janssens and K. Lützenkirchen New Member: URENCO Tim Korbmacher Peer reviewed section He- ...

    19 April 2012

  16. Digital surface modelling and 3D information extraction from spaceborne very high resolution stereo pairs

    This report discusses the potentials of VHR stereo imagery for automatic digital surface modelling (DSM) and 3D information extraction on large metropolitan cities. Stereo images acquired by GeoEye-1 on Dakar and Guatemala City and by WorldView-2 on Panam ...

    19 April 2012

  17. The Role of Contagion in Financial Crises: an Uncertainty Test on Interbank Patterns

    The main lesson learned from the recent financial crisis is the crucial role of interconnectedness between banks as a factor that can push the effects of bank defaults to extreme levels. One bank in distress can compromise the ability to repay obligations ...

    24 May 2012

  18. Specifications of view services for GMES Core_003 VHR2 coverage

    For the so-called DataWareHouse concept (DWH) within the GMES Initial Operations period 2011-2014, data access management is funded through a Delegation Agreement between the EC and ESA. The Core_003 VHR2 dataset is one of the satellite coverages that are ...

    02 June 2012

  19. Public Safety Communications: Enhancement Through Cognitive Radio and Spectrum Sharing Principles

    Wireless communications technologies play an irreplaceable role in emergency and disaster relief situations. It is generally acknowledged that existing Public Safety (PS) wireless communications facilities frequently fall short of meeting users’ needs in ...

    03 August 2012

  20. GHSL/UA Integration: Feasibility Report. Application of the JRC GHSL Image Information Extraction Protocol in the frame of the Urban Atlas product specifications

    JRC started the design of the global human settlement layer (GHSL) concept during 2010-2011, together with the development of an image query (IQ) system able to generate and manage geoinformation in an integrated way. The IQ system aggregated the experien ...

    08 August 2012

  21. The Use of Social Media within the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS)

    The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) collects near real-time hazard information to provide global multi-hazard disaster alerting for earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones, floods and volcanoes. GDACS alerts are based on calculation ...

    09 August 2012

  22. Relationship between the spatial distribution of SMS messages reporting needs and building damage in 2010 Haiti disaster

    Just 4 days after the M7.1 earthquake on 12 January 2010, Haitians could send SMS messages about their location and urgent needs through the on-line mapping platform Ushahidi. This real-time crowd-sourcing of crisis information provided direct support to ...

    27 October 2012

  23. Experimenting accuracy and effectiveness in photo-interpretation for rapid crisis response and damage assessment applications through gaze control

    The main objective of Geographic Information and Visual Perception project (GI&VP), and of the present study, was to offer a device composed of a suite of tools and based on gaze integration to support the work of photo-interpreters involved in remote ...

    23 November 2012

  24. Determination of resonance parameters and their covariances from neutron induced reaction cross section data

    Cross section data in the resolved and unresolved resonance region are represented by nuclear reaction formalisms using parameters which are determined by fitting them to experimental data. Therefore, the quality of evaluated cross sections in the resonan ...

    24 January 2013

  25. EXFOR as a comprehensive source of experimental reaction data

    The Meeting was convened to assess needs and ways for improvement and development of the EXFOR formats to meet future requirements. Participants reported the difficulties of coding complex nuclear reaction and supplemental experimental information in the ...

    26 January 2013