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  1. Disaster risk management

    Natural and man-made hazards continuously threaten population in Europe and beyond. Managing risks associated with hazards is based on sound policy making in prevention, preparedness, response, and reconstruction activities. The JRC carries out extensive ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Crisis management

    Every year natural disasters and crises worldwide cause fatalities and considerable economic losses. In these situations, the EU has one aim- to get help to those who need it as quickly as possible. Reinforcing the EU’s capacity to prevent, prepare for an ...

    25 March 2015

  3. Preparedness for radiological emergencies

    Many of Europe's citizens are concerned about levels of radioactive contamination of the environment. Not just since Chernobyl, but since the signing of the Euratom treaty, the member states have been obliged monitor radiation levels and forward the ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Emergency support – radioecological monitoring

    In the event of a radiological or nuclear accident where there are releases to the atmosphere or aquatic environment, it is important to rapidly and accurately interpret and evaluate the consequences of the results being measured. The EU information excha ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Emergency support – international data and information exchange systems

    During the early phase of a large-scale accident with release of radioactivity to the atmosphere, it is essential to notify and inform competent authorities as early and extensively as possible. To implement Council Decision 87/600, the European Commissio ...

    30 April 2014

  6. GHSL/UA Integration: Feasibility Report. Application of the JRC GHSL Image Information Extraction Protocol in the frame of the Urban Atlas product specifications

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report  describing the application of the global human settlement layer (GHSL) protocol according to the Urban Atlas product specifications and more specifically the comparison between European soil sealing (SSL) outp ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Digital surface modelling and 3D information extraction from spaceborne very high resolution stereo pairs

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report discussing the potentials of VHR stereo imagery for automatic digital surface modelling (DSM) and 3D information extraction on large metropolitan cities. The work focuses on evaluating the quality of the DSMs i ...

    30 April 2014

  8. The Role of Contagion in Financial Crises: an Uncertainty Test on Interbank Patterns

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report testing the hypothesis that the interbank matrix can be approximated by its maximum entropy, by verifying if variations in the structure of the interbank matrix lead to significant changes in the magnitude of c ...

    30 April 2014

  9. The Use of Social Media within the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS)

    Conference contribution on whether and how social media could be an additional valuable data source for international disaster response. In order to explore this, JRC developed a Twitter account and Facebook page for the dissemination of GDACS alerts, a T ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Experimenting accuracy and effectiveness in photo-interpretation for rapid crisis response and damage assessment applications through gaze control

    JRC Scientific and Techinical Research Report, introducing the Geographic Information and Visual Perception project (GI&VP), that offer a device composed of a suite of tools and based on gaze integration, to support the work of photo-interpreters invo ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Specifications of view services for GMES Core_003 VHR2 coverage

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report providing an overview on the technical specifications for the implementation of a view service for the Core_003 datasets in relation to the DataWareHouse concept (DWH). For the so-called DataWareHouse concept ( ...

    30 April 2014

  12. From floods to forest fires: early warning systems

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of early warning systems. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Environment and climate change Safety and security hazard crisis fire flood IES IPSC jrc_leaflet_warning_sy ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Pan-European Risk Management in SDIs

    This report describes the ORCHESTRA pilot for pan-European hazard-assessment (PEUNHA). ORCHESTRA stands for Open Architecture and Spatial Data Infrastructure for Risk Management. As an Integrated Project, ORCHESTRA was partly funded by the European Commis ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Experimental and numerical simulation activities for the assessment of explosion effects in a train station

    The behaviour of structural materials and components at higher strain-rates, and experimental techniques and facilities for relevant studies have been considered. Numerical simulation tools, suitable for fast dynamic phenomena, have also in parallel been ...

    30 April 2014

  15. On software interoperability in accident consequence assessment

    The interoperability of different risk analysis software tools is a very important aspect that would strongly and effectively support the work of safety authorities in their reviewing activity of safety reports for Seveso-type installations. This reviewin ...

    30 April 2014

  16. The EULER project: application of software defined radio in joint security operations

    The task of improving the effectiveness of public safety communications has become a main priority for governments. This is partly motivated by the increased risk of natural disasters such as flooding, earthquakes and fires, and partly, due to the risks a ...

    30 April 2014

  17. A Comprehensive Analysis of Building Damage in the January 12, 2010 M w 7 Haiti Earthquake using High-Resolution Satellite and Aerial Imagery

    The paper provides an account of how three key relief organizations worked together after the devastating Haiti earthquake to produce the first damage assessment based mainly on the use of remotely-sensed imagery. This assessment was jointly conducted by ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Haiti Earthquake of 12 January 2010: Field Damage Assessment, Data Collection and Analysis

    Following the magnitude 7.0 earthquake in Haiti on 12 January 2010 an atlas presenting an overview of building damages in Haiti was produced from a detailed, building by building assessment based on the comparison of pre-earthquake satellite images and po ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Relationship between the spatial distribution of SMS messages reporting needs and building damage in 2010 Haiti disaster

    Just 4 days after the M7.1 earthquake on 12 January 2010, Haitians could send SMS messages about their location and urgent needs through the on-line mapping platform Ushahidi. This real-time crowd-sourcing of crisis information provided direct support to ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Quality control, validation and user feedback of the European Flood Alert System (EFAS)

    The quality control, validation and verification of the European Flood Alert System (EFAS) is described. EFAS is designed as a flood early warning system at pan-European scale, to complement national systems and provide flood warnings more than 2 days bef ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Securing disaster supply chains with cryptography enhanced RFID

    The deployment and management of an ecient supply chain is one of the most important elements in the response to a natural disaster. The chaotic environment and degraded conditions in the aftermath of a natural disaster are severe challenges to the task o ...

    30 April 2014

  22. A tool for rapid post-hurricane urban tree debris estimates using high resolution aerial imagery

    Coastal communities in the southeast United States have regularly experienced severe hurricane impacts. To better facilitate recovery efforts in these communities following natural disasters, state and federal agencies must respond quickly with informatio ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Optical satellite imagery for quantifying spatio-temporal dimension of physical exposure in disaster risk assessments

    This work addresses the use of remote sensing imagery to quantify the built environment and its spatial and temporal changes. It identifies the building footprint map, building location map, and built-up area map as information products that can be used t ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Determination of resonance parameters and their covariances from neutron induced reaction cross section data

    Cross section data in the resolved and unresolved resonance region are represented by nuclear reaction formalisms using parameters which are determined by fitting them to experimental data. Therefore, the quality of evaluated cross sections in the resonan ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Containment behaviour in Phebus FP

    The international Phebus FP (Fission Product) programme was investigating core degradation and radioactive product release originating from a core melt-down accident on a Light Water Reactor Plant. Five integral in-pile tests have been performed at Cadara ...

    30 April 2014