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  1. Consumer products

    Consumers are in daily contact with a variety of products such as cosmetics, kitchenware or textiles. The safety of these is of primary concern for producers and legislators. The European Commission aims at the highest possible level of consumer protectio ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Food contact materials

    What are food contact materials? Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials, kitchen utensils, tableware and food processing equipment. They can be made ...

    10 November 2014

  3. How can science support policy makers in addressing the nutritional challenges of Europe?: A workshop organised within the frame of the JRC Enlargement and Integration Action programme

    JRC book reporting on nutritional issues that affect the E&IA countries and that, not surprisingly, are similar to those affecting EU-27 nations and other developed countries. There is a clear albeit complex link between nutrition and health. This wor ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Determination of brominated flame retardants: a proficiency test

    JRC conference contribution presenting the results of a proficiency test for the determination of total bromine and several polybrominated biphenyls and diphenyl ethers (PBB and PBDE) in plastic. This manuscript presents the results of a proficiency test ...

    30 April 2014

  5. The certification of the mass fractions of elements in bovine muscle (ERM®-BB184)

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describes the preparation of a bovine muscle matrix reference material ERM® BB184, and the certification of the contents (mass fractions) of seven elements.   This report describes the preparation of a bovine m ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Alkanes, C14-17, CHLORO Part II Human Health

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research report detailing the results of the Human Health part of the Risk Assessment Report carried out on ALKANES, C14-17, CHLORO (MCCP). This document is the Human Health part of the Risk Assessment Report on ALKANES, C14-1 ...

    30 April 2014

  7. IMEP-34: Heavy Metals in Toys according to EN 71-3:1994

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the results of an  interlaboratory comparison (ILC) which focussed on the determination of soluble antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), and ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Chapter 3: Analytical Quality Assurance

    A JRC authored book chapter providing an overview which covers basic aspects relevant to quality with a special focus on analytical quality in the field of food analysis. Thousands of analytical measurements are performed every day in food laboratories al ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Drinking Water Quality Standards and Regulations

    Article presenting information on the legislation and standard for drinking water quality. This first chapter in the monograph on the Best Practice Guide on Metals Removal from Drinking Water by Treatment gives a short introduction in the legislation and ...

    30 April 2014

  10. TBTC induces adipocyte differentiation in human bone marrow long term culture

    Organotins are widely used in agriculture and in chemical industry, causing persistent and widespread pollution. Organotins may affect the brain, liver and immune system and eventually human health. Recently, it has been shown that tributyltin (TBT) inter ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Toxicity of inorganic arsenic and its metabolites on haematopoietic progenitors?in vitro?: comparison between species and sexes.

    Inorganic arsenic (iAs) and its metabolites are transferred to the foetus through the placental barrier and this exposure can compromise the normal development of the unborn. For this reason, we assessed the toxicity of sodium arsenite (iAsIII) and its me ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Common Noise Assessment Methods in EU: CNOSSOS-EU (Part IV: Aircraft noise prediction for the purpose of strategic noise mapping)

    In the context of the European Environmental Noise Directive 2002/49/EC (END), the European Commission decided to prepare Common NOise aSSessment methOdS (CNOSSOS-EU) for road, railway, aircraft and industrial noise in order to improve the reliability and ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Preparation of guidance for health risk assessment of environmental noise

    In recent years, evidence has accumulated regarding health effects of environmental noise. The WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, Bonn, has organized several meetings of experts over recent years to examine the current state of knowledge, and ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Common Noise Assessment Methods in EU: CNOSSOS-EU (Part I: The roadmap)

    In the context of the European Environmental Noise Directive 2002/49/EC (END), the European Commission decided to prepare Common NOise aSSessment methOdS (CNOSSOS-EU) for road, railway, aircraft and industrial noise in order to improve the reliability and ...

    14 April 2015

  15. Common Noise Assessment Methods in EU: CNOSSOS-EU (Part III: Guidance for the competent use for strategic noise mapping purposes)

    In the context of the European Environmental Noise Directive 2002/49/EC (END) the European Commission decided to prepare Common NOise aSSessment methOdS (CNOSSOS-EU) for road, railway, aircraft and industrial noise. An integral part of CNOSSOS-EU is the p ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Introduction: New Media Technologies and User Empowerment. Is there a Happy Ending?

    This article is the introduction of an edited book on New Media Technologies and Empowerment. It introduces the book and its contents and also draws upon IPTS work on the socio-economic impact of social computing to make the case that altough neither empo ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Burden of disease from environmental noise: Quantification of healthy life years lost in Europe

    Health impacts of environmental noise are a growing concern among both the general public and policy-makers in Europe. This report was jointly prepared by the WHO Regional Office for Europe and the Joint Research Centre to provide technical support to pol ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Investigating the influence of data splitting on the predictive ability of QSAR/QSPR models

    The study was aimed at investigating how the method of splitting data into a training set and a test set influences the external predictivity of quantitative structure-activity and/or structure-property relationships (QSAR/QSPR) models. Six models of good ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Recent Advances in the Molecular Modeling of Estrogen Receptor-Mediated Toxicity

    In the past two decades there has been increasing concern about the potentially adverse effects of exogenous Endocrine Active Substances (EAS) that alter the function of the endocrine system by interfering with hormone regulation. The mechanistic pathways ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Inter- and intra-laboratory study to determine the reproducibility of toxicogenomics datasets

    The application of toxicogenomics as a predictive tool for chemical risk assessment has been under evaluation by the toxicology community for more than a decade. However, toxicogenomics predominately remains a tool for investigative research rather than f ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Inter-laboratory comparison of elemental analysis and gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry. II. d15N measurements of selected compounds for the development of an isotopic Grob test

    An inter-laboratory exercise was carried out by a consortium of five European laboratories to establish a set of compounds, suitable for calibrating gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-C-IRMS) devices, to be used as isotopic ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Autofluorescence microscopy: a non-destructive tool to monitor mitochondrial morphology and toxicity

    Visualization of NADH by fluorescence microscopy makes it possible to distinguish mitochondria inside living cells allowing structure analysis of these organelles in a noninvasive way. Mitochondrial morphology is determined by the occurrence of mitochondr ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Application of the Modular Approach to an In-House Validation Study of Real-Time PCR Methods for the Detection and Serogroup Determination of Verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli

    European Commission regulation 2073/2005 on the microbiological criteria for food requires that Escherichia coli is monitored as an indicator of hygienic conditions. Since verocytotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC) strains often cause food-borne infections by the c ...

    30 April 2014

  24. From Knowledge to Action: Giving birth to a new framework on IAQ related policies in EU

    various cross-cutting policy areas in Europe (i.e., Construction Products Directive, Energy Performance Building Directive, REACH legislation, etc), with a particular focus on the source control strategy. Recently, indoor air quality health effects in EU- ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Indoor Air Risks and Impacts of Alternative Policy Interventions in the EU Countries: the IAIAQ study

    The purpose of IAIAQ was to provide a robust, Europe wide assessment of the key factors influencing human health via indoor air, and the health benefits of building related policies. Tobacco smoke impacts and policies are not included in this presentation ...

    30 April 2014