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  1. Metrological tools for safeguard activities

    The JRC organises interlaboratory comparisons for conformity assessment for the IAEA Network of Analytical Laboratories (NWAL) and other laboratories in the field. These quality control programmes are under the accredited aim at the analysis of uranium an ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Nuclear safeguards and security

    Nuclear safeguards are measures to verify that states do not use nuclear materials to develop weapons and that they respect their obligations under international non-proliferation treaties. The development and implementation of safeguards and other nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Combating illicit trafficking

    There is strong public support for nuclear security activities due to concerns about nuclear arms proliferation and the threat of nuclear terrorism, which is associated with illicit trafficking of nuclear material. The EU invests significant resources in ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Non-proliferation

    Information collection and analysis of proliferation concerns play an increasing role in nuclear security in general and in nuclear safeguards in particular. The JRC considers different types of information to deal with security threats, mainly at nationa ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Nuclear safeguards

    Research and development activities are performed at the JRC to provide efficient and effective technologies to ensure that current and future nuclear fuel systems can be properly safeguarded and the EU obligations under non-proliferation treaties are met ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Safe nuclear materials for peaceful purposes only

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of nuclear safety. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Nuclear safety and security nuclear safety security safeguards energy IET IRMM jrc_leaflet_nuclear_materials_de.pd ...

    30 April 2014

  7. 3D Laser-based System for Design Information Verification

    The Nuclear Safeguards group at the Joint Research Centre, Ispra site, Italy, developed a 3D laser based tool for Design Information Verification (DIV) purposes. DIV is becoming increasingly important in International Safeguards as a way to verify that th ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Investigation of Combined Measurements with Three dimensional Design Information Verification System and Gamma-Ray Imaging Systems for International Safeguards Applications

    In the framework of the technical cooperation agreements between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the European Atomic Energy Commission (EURATOM), and between DOE and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of nuclear materials (A ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Safeguards course in the framework of BNEN (Belgian Nuclear higher Education Network)

    In the framework of BNEN, the Belgian Nuclear Higher Education Network, elective and/or advanced courses are offered to the students additional to the standard curriculum. This master after master is open for students that hold a university degree in engi ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Investigating chemical and molecular changes in uranium oxyfluoride particles using NanoSIMS and Micro-Raman Spectroscopy

    Processes involving the treatment of nuclear material inherently release small amounts of this material to the environment. Environmental sampling is therefore an important tool in the detection of undeclared nuclear activities. Environmental samples take ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Neutron Flux from a 14-MeV Neutron Generator with Tungsten Filter for Research in NDA Methods for Nuclear Safeguards and Security

    The Joint Research Centre has taken into operation a new experimental device designed for research in the fields of nuclear safeguards and security applications. The research projects currently undertaken include detection of shielded contraband materials ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Feasibility study on the development of uranium reference particles for mass spectrometric analysis in nuclear safeguards

    Recently, an improved method allowing the accurate determination of the isotopic composition of single sub-micrometer sized uranium oxide particles (< 1 micrometer) has been developed at the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) in ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Technical convergence of nuclear safeguards, nuclear forensics and nuclear security

    From the first implementation of safeguards agreements, measurements of nuclear material have formed the backbone of verification measures. The introduction of strengthened safeguards and the ratification of additional protocols (INFCIRC 540) led to the n ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Considerations on the development of large-size dried spikes

    The EURATOM treaty stipulates clearly in Article 8 and annex V the need for nuclear isotopic reference material and standards. The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) is producing these material standards helping the European measure ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Development of Solution Monitoring Software for enhanced safeguards at a large scale reprocessing facility

    The implementation of an effective and efficient IAEA safeguards approach at large scale reprocessing facilities with large throughput and continuous flow of nuclear material requires the introduction of enhanced safeguards measures to provide added assur ...

    30 April 2014

  16. The ESARDA Working Group on Containment and Surveillance Activities in 2010

    The ESARDA Working Group on Containment and Surveillance has 18 members and observers from R&D establishments, safeguards equipment manufacturers, safeguards inspectorates, plant operators, regulatory agencies, and ministries. In 2010, the following t ...

    30 April 2014

  17. The European Commission Cooperative Support Programme: 30 Years of Activities

    The IAEA bases its technical and scientific Programme on contributions from the Member State Support Programmes (MSSP). The European Commission Cooperative Support Programme (EC-SP) started in 1981 to support IAEA?s activities in the field of nuclear safe ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Addressing Attribution- Advances in Nuclear Forensics

    Nuclear forensics is a discipline in science that exploits information which is inherent to nuclear material. As nuclear material is an industrial product, the respective production process will unavoidably leave a "fingerprint" in the material. ...

    30 April 2014

  19. COMPUCEA 2nd generation performance evaluation

    COMPUCEA (Combined Procedure for Uranium Concentration and Enrichment Assay) is used for on-site analytical measurements in support of joint Euratom-IAEA inspections during physical inventory verification (PIV) campaigns in European Low-Enriched Uranium ( ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Nuclear safeguards applications using LG-SIMS with automated screening capabilities

    A primary tool for detecting undeclared nuclear activities is the analysis of uranium-bearing particles collected on cotton swipes. For many years SIMS has been used as one of the mainstay techniques for particle analysis of Nuclear Safeguards samples. SI ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Report on the Workshop on Measurements of Impurities in Uranium- ESARDA Working Group on Standards and Techniques for Destructive Analisis

    The ESARDA Working Group on Standards and Techniques for Destructive Analysis (WG DA) organised a Workshop on 16 and 17 March 2009 at the Joint Research Centre Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU) on MEASUREMENTS OF IMPURITIES IN URANIUM SAMPLES in o ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Analysis of Uranium Ore Concentrates for Origin Assessment

    In this study the most important analytical methodologies are presented for the nuclear forensic investigation of uranium ore concentrates (yellow cakes). These methodologies allow to measure characteristic parameters which may be source material or proce ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Modeling of UF6 Enrichment with Gas Centrifuges for Nuclear Safeguards Activities

    The physical modeling of uranium isotopes (235U, 238U) separation process by centrifugation of is a key aspect for predicting the nuclear fuel enrichment plant performances under surveillance by the Nuclear Safeguards Authorities. In this paper are illust ...

    30 April 2014

  24. EURATOM's contribution to the IAEA Safeguards by Design process

    Besides the implementation of Integrated Safeguards which allows a more efficient use of inspection resources, other actions can be taken to ease safeguards implementation, such as the?Safeguards by Design? (SBD) process, which consists in taking into acc ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Nuclear export controls and nuclear safeguards

    Export control of dual use goods developed since the early 70?s to counter nuclear proliferation. The paper provides an overview of dual-use export control issues also in relation with the Additional Protocol to the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement, whi ...

    30 April 2014