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  1. Non-proliferation

    Information collection and analysis of proliferation concerns play an increasing role in nuclear security in general and in nuclear safeguards in particular. The JRC considers different types of information to deal with security threats, mainly at nationa ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Nuclear safeguards

    Research and development activities are performed at the JRC to provide efficient and effective technologies to ensure that current and future nuclear fuel systems can be properly safeguarded and the EU obligations under non-proliferation treaties are met ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Nuclear safeguards and security

    Nuclear safeguards are measures to verify that states do not use nuclear materials to develop weapons and that they respect their obligations under international non-proliferation treaties. The development and implementation of safeguards and other nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Combating illicit trafficking

    There is strong public support for nuclear security activities due to concerns about nuclear arms proliferation and the threat of nuclear terrorism, which is associated with illicit trafficking of nuclear material. The EU invests significant resources in ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Metrological tools for safeguard activities

    The JRC organises interlaboratory comparisons for conformity assessment for the IAEA Network of Analytical Laboratories (NWAL) and other laboratories in the field. These quality control programmes are under the accredited aim at the analysis of uranium an ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Interpretation and Use of the Results of Proliferation Resistance Studies

    JRC article identifying a reference set of decision makers and other users who could be informed by the results of proliferation resistance assessments. It examines the information needs of different classes of decision makers, and presents ideas on how t ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Safe nuclear materials for peaceful purposes only

    Examples of JRC research making the life of Europe's citizens safer and more secure in the area of nuclear safety. (2009) 2009 Leaflets Nuclear safety and security nuclear safety security safeguards energy IET IRMM jrc_leaflet_nuclear_materials_de.pd ...

    30 April 2014

  8. 3D Laser-based System for Design Information Verification

    The Nuclear Safeguards group at the Joint Research Centre, Ispra site, Italy, developed a 3D laser based tool for Design Information Verification (DIV) purposes. DIV is becoming increasingly important in International Safeguards as a way to verify that th ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Investigation of Combined Measurements with Three dimensional Design Information Verification System and Gamma-Ray Imaging Systems for International Safeguards Applications

    In the framework of the technical cooperation agreements between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the European Atomic Energy Commission (EURATOM), and between DOE and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of nuclear materials (A ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Safeguards course in the framework of BNEN (Belgian Nuclear higher Education Network)

    In the framework of BNEN, the Belgian Nuclear Higher Education Network, elective and/or advanced courses are offered to the students additional to the standard curriculum. This master after master is open for students that hold a university degree in engi ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Electronic seals developed for security application and their potential application in safeguards

    The Seals and Identification Laboratory (SILab) is a laboratory within the Traceability & Vulnerability Assessment Unit, part of the Institute for the Protectionand Security of the Citizen from the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. SIL ...

    30 April 2014

  12. The Euratom Safeguards On-site Laboratories at the Reprocessing Plants of La Hague and Sellafield

    In the European Union, nuclear material is reprocessed from irradiated power reactor fuel at two sites? La Hague in France and Sellafield in the United Kingdom. These are the largest nuclear sites within the EU, processing many hundreds of tons of nuclear ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Investigating chemical and molecular changes in uranium oxyfluoride particles using NanoSIMS and Micro-Raman Spectroscopy

    Processes involving the treatment of nuclear material inherently release small amounts of this material to the environment. Environmental sampling is therefore an important tool in the detection of undeclared nuclear activities. Environmental samples take ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Neutron Flux from a 14-MeV Neutron Generator with Tungsten Filter for Research in NDA Methods for Nuclear Safeguards and Security

    The Joint Research Centre has taken into operation a new experimental device designed for research in the fields of nuclear safeguards and security applications. The research projects currently undertaken include detection of shielded contraband materials ...

    30 April 2014

  15. ESARDA Bulletin n° 46

    Table of Content issue n? 46 ESARDA News The European Commission Cooperative Support Programme: 30 Years of Activities J. G. M. Goncalves, S. Abousahl, Y. Aregbe, W. Janssens and K. Lutzenkirchen New Member: URENCO Tim Korbmacher Peer reviewed section He- ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Surrogates of plutonium for detection equipment testing

    Fight against illicit trafficking of nuclear material relies on the possibility to detect nuclear material concealed in vehicles, people or cargo containers. This is done by equipping and training law enforcement and security staff in border stations or o ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Understanding nuclear trade: data sources and tools

    Over the last few years, a growing concern developed around the trade of equipment designed for nuclear use and nuclear-related dual-use items that may be diverted to non-peaceful uses. Trade data sources and tools presented hereafter can enhance understa ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Urania Vapor Composition at Very High Temperatures

    Due to the chemically unstable nature of uranium dioxide its vapor composition at very high temperatures is, presently, not sufficiently studied though more experimental knowledge is needed for risk assessment of nuclear reactors. We used laser vaporizati ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Applying the GIF-PR&PP methodology for a qualitative analysis of a misuse scenario in a notional Generation IV Example Sodium Fast Reactor.

    The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection (PR&PP) Working Group has developed a methodology for the PR&PP evaluation of advanced nuclear energy systems (NES). A notional sodium cooled fast neutron ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Laser-based Monitoring of UF6 cylinders

    Development efforts are in progress to enhance safeguards implementation at uranium enrichment facilities. One component of the enhanced approach is the systematic tracking of UF6 cylinders between process and storage areas as well as between different pr ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Feasibility study on the development of uranium reference particles for mass spectrometric analysis in nuclear safeguards

    Recently, an improved method allowing the accurate determination of the isotopic composition of single sub-micrometer sized uranium oxide particles (< 1 micrometer) has been developed at the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) in ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Technical convergence of nuclear safeguards, nuclear forensics and nuclear security

    From the first implementation of safeguards agreements, measurements of nuclear material have formed the backbone of verification measures. The introduction of strengthened safeguards and the ratification of additional protocols (INFCIRC 540) led to the n ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Considerations on the development of large-size dried spikes

    The EURATOM treaty stipulates clearly in Article 8 and annex V the need for nuclear isotopic reference material and standards. The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) is producing these material standards helping the European measure ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Proceedings of ESARDA 33rd Annual Meeting- Symposium on Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management, Budapest, Hungary, 16-20 May 2011

    33rd ESARDA Symposium was a great success attended by over 240 international participants. The event was hosted by the Hungarian Atomic Energy Agency, and chaired by Dr. K. Horvath, ESARDA President for the period 2011-2012. This CD-Rom contains the sympo ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Some ESARDA Parties' experience with Additional Protocol export control declarations

    The Additional Protocol to the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (INFCIRC/540) foresees a series of provisions which are the basis for Integrated Safeguards. For this reason, it is the legal bridge between traditional and strengthened safeguards, where e ...

    30 April 2014