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  1. Coastal and marine environment

    The coastal and marine environment is a major provider of goods and services, such as food, fossil fuels, construction materials, transport and recreation. It also hosts an invaluable biodiversity that forms complex ecosystems which are threatened by huma ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Data exchange standardisation for maritime surveillance

    Currently, EU and national authorities responsible for different aspects of maritime surveillance – such as border control, safety and security, fisheries control, customs, environment or defence – collect data separately and often do not share them betwe ...

    01 September 2015

  3. Maritime safety and security

    Maritime transport enables trade and contacts between all the European nations and provides the main vehicle for European imports and exports to the rest of the world. Almost 90% of the EU external freight trade is seaborne, while short sea shipping repre ...

    01 September 2015

  4. Maritime surveillance

    Maritime surveillance is essential for creating maritime awareness ('knowing what is happening at sea'). With its competencies in space technologies and data fusion, the JRC contributes to the implementation of the Integrated Maritime Policy, in ...

    01 September 2015

  5. Monitoring container traffic and analysing risk

    90% of the world's cargo is transported in maritime containers, but only 2% is physically inspected by customs authorities, opening the possibility for illicit activities. Today, it is widely believed that the only viable way to control containerised ...

    02 September 2015

  6. Piracy, maritime awareness and risks

    As one of the EU initiatives to ensure maritime security and counter piracy, the JRC helps African authorities – in the context of the Piracy, Maritime Awareness and Risks- Maritime Security (PMAR-MASE) project – to build up their own capacities for marit ...

    01 October 2015

  7. Ocean Colour: Essential climate variables

    Ocean colour remote sensing primarily aims to derive the spectrum of marine surface reflectance from satellite observations. In turn, marine reflectance can be used to determine inherent optical properties (absorption and back-scattering coefficients) and ...

    20 March 2015

  8. Fisheries and Aquaculture

    Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also tourism and trade are key sectors of the EU economy. The EU fishing industry is the fourth largest in the wo ...

    21 August 2014

  9. Reported’ versus ‘likely’ fisheries catches of four Mediterranean countries

    The fisheries catch statistics that member countries report annually to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations were compared, for the years 1950 to 2010, with ‘reconstructed’, and more likely catch data from the Mediterranean coasts o ...

    05 June 2014

  10. Sinking Jelly-Carbon Unveils Potential Environmental Variability along a Continental Margin

    Particulate matter transfer fuels benthic ecosystems in continental margins and the deep sea, removing carbon from the upper ocean. Gelatinous zooplankton biomass provides a fast carbon vector that has been underestimated. Observational data of a large-sc ...

    03 January 2014

  11. Visualization of Container Movements Through a Web-Based Geographical Information System

    The paper describes an advanced prototype of a web-based geographical information system enabling interactive visualization of container movements. It implements multiple data selection mechanisms and presentation methods, one of which is the geographical ...

    22 November 2013

  12. Validation of SeaWiFS and MODIS Aqua/Terra aerosol products in coastal regions of European marginal seas

    The aerosol products associated with the ocean colour missions SeaWiFS and MODIS (both Aqua and Terra) are assessed with AERONET field measurements collected in four European marginal seas for which fairly large uncertainties in ocean colour in-water prod ...

    20 March 2013

  13. Assessment of goods and services, vulnerability, and conservation status of European seabed biotopes: a stepping stone towards ecosystem-based marine spatial management

    The goal of ecosystem-based marine spatial management is to maintain marine ecosystems in a healthy, productive and resilient condition; hence, they can sustainably provide the needed goods and services for human welfare. However, the increasing pressures ...

    16 May 2012

  14. 32nd Prenary Meeting Report of the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (PLEN-09-03)

    The Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries hold its 32nd plenary on 9-13 Novemebr 2009 in Brussels. The terms of reference included both issues assessments of STECF working group reports and additional requests submitted to the STECF b ...

    05 July 2011

  15. Fishery reform: Many stocks secure

    Euopean fisheries scientists argue that fisheries management in Europe is not a complete failure as frequently said. CARDINALE Massimiliano, DOERNER Hendrik, ABELLA Alvaro, ANDERSEN Jesper, CASEY John, DOERING Ralf, KIRKEGAARD Eskild, SIMMONDS Edmund, STR ...

    07 October 2011

  16. Maritime awareness for counter-piracy in the Gulf of Aden

    Maritime awareness is a keystone of counter-piracy activities, as they are nowadays unfortunately called for in the Gulf of Aden and the Western Indian Ocean. There are a number of space-based systems that can be used to obtain knowledge of shipping and s ...

    26 October 2011

  17. Discard mitigation – what we can learn from waste minimization practices in other natural resources?

    Solutions to the problem of discarding in fisheries have been debated for decades. Despite this attention, measures to ameliorate discarding have had limited success. Regulators, researchers, and industry continue to struggle with fisheries management and ...

    04 November 2011

  18. Size spectra of lake fish assemblages: responses along gradients of general environmental factors and intensity of lake-use

    1. The size structure of communities is shaped by biotic and abiotic interactions. Therefore, comparative analyses of size spectra may reveal the major drivers governing patterns and processes in size-structured communities. 2. We tested the suitability o ...

    05 November 2011

  19. The accuracy of self-reported fisheries data: Oregon trawl logbook fishing locations and retained catches

    Self-reporting of information is an inexpensive means for collecting data on fishing or other human activities, but the accuracy of self-reported data can be difficult to measure. Logbooks that record fishing activities are a common form of self-reporting ...

    05 November 2011

  20. A reference list of fish species for a heavily modified transitional water: the Zeeschelde (Belgium)

    A crucial step in the development of a fish-based index for the ecological assessment of water bodies as provided by the European Water Framework Directive is to define a reference list of fish species occurring in pristine rivers. The aim of this study w ...

    05 November 2011

  21. Potential feeding and spawning habitats of bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean Sea

    Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus (ABFT) is a fish of high market value which has recently become strongly overexploited, notably in the Mediterranean Sea. This area is an essential habitat for ABFT reproduction and growth. We present here an approach ...

    11 November 2011

  22. Evaluation of the effects of the multi-annual plan on the stock

    The plans objectives are defined in terms of fishing mortality reductions. In the case that there is an accepted assessment (North Sea cod), it is evaluated if the fishing mortality has reduced as intended since the implementation of the plan. Exploitatio ...

    17 April 2012

  23. The obligation of sustainable fisheries management: Review of endured failures and challenges in exploitation of the living sea

    book chapter review of fisheries management towards sustainablity RAETZ Hans-Joachim 2012 Articles in books Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen Agriculture and food security, Environment and climate change sustainability, sea, fish, e ...

    17 April 2012

  24. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)- Analysis of the DCF Annual Reports for 2010 (STECF-12-01)

    Articles 6(1) and 7(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 199/2008 state that the evaluation of both National Programme proposals and Annual Reports (AR) should be carried out by STECF. The main objectives of the meeting were to evaluate the AR 2010, to advise ...

    17 April 2012

  25. Between land and sea: Livelihoods and environmental changes in mangrove ecosystems of Senegal

    Unlike the global trend, the area of mangrove forest increased in the estuaries of Low Casamance and Sine-Saloum, Senegal between 1986 and 2006. We collected multi-source data (social and spatial) and applied a mix of qualitative and quantitative analytic ...

    17 April 2012