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  1. Ocean Colour: Essential climate variables

    Ocean colour remote sensing primarily aims to derive the spectrum of marine surface reflectance from satellite observations. In turn, marine reflectance can be used to determine inherent optical properties (absorption and back-scattering coefficients) and ...

    20 March 2015

  2. Costs and benefits of climate policies

    Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation ...

    01 September 2015

  3. Impacts of climate change

    The European Commission is working to make the European economy more climate-friendly with both mitigation and adaptation policies.   Mitigation policies aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and so produce benefits in terms of avoided climate damages; a ...

    01 February 2016

  4. Sustainability of climate policies

    In addition to carrying out cost analyses, the overall environmental effectiveness of climate change policies, including low-carbon and carbon-free energy technologies investments, must be assessed. The JRC contributes to the EC Flagship Initiatives Resou ...

    02 September 2015

  5. Monitoring of climate and climate change

    Coherent greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories and projections are needed to help improve the effectiveness of climate policy. The JRC supports long-term GHG monitoring, in particular within the European Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) Inf ...

    01 September 2015

  6. Hazards and risks of climate change impacts

    Due to Climate Change, frequencies of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and heat waves are expected to increase in the future. The JRC works on predicting and making impact assessments of such events. Floods To increase preparedness for floo ...

    01 September 2015

  7. Forest adaptation to climate change

    Even if emissions are stabilised relatively soon, climate change and its effects will last many years, and adaptation will be necessary. The need for an Adaptation Clearinghouse was identified in the Commission’s 2009 White Paper “ Adapting to climate cha ...

    01 September 2015

  8. Climate change mitigation

    The EU has a stated objective of limiting global climate change to a temperature increase of 2ºC above preindustrial levels. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported in 2007 that reaching that target would require the reduction of glo ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Desertification and drought

    Drought and desertification are closely related phenomena. Persisting over months or years, drought can affect large areas and may have serious environmental, social and economic impacts. While drought is a natural phenomenon, whose impacts can be exacerb ...

    18 May 2015

  10. Climate change

    Climate change is expected to have significant impacts on natural resources, the world economy and human health. It will lead to increased temperatures, rising sea levels, altered precipitation patterns and increased frequencies of extreme weather events ...

    19 March 2016

  11. Crop yield forecasting

    Crop yield forecasts and crop production estimates are necessary at EU and Member State level to provide the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision makers with timely information for rapid decision-making during the growing season. Estimates of cr ...

    25 February 2016

  12. An integrated EU policy for the Arctic adopted

    27 Apr 2016 The High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the European Commission have today adopted a policy proposal that will guide the actions of the European Union in the Arctic region. The European Union will step up its existi ...

    27 April 2016

  13. New modelling data points to a surge in extreme weather events in Europe under global warming

    18 Apr 2016 Researchers at the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) have joined forces with different European modelling groups to produce a new and more consistent set of multiple climate-hazard modelling data. The key findings of the s ...

    15 April 2016

  14. International Conference on Regional Climate CORDEX 2016

    17 May 2016 to 20 May 2016 The International Conference on Regional Climate-CORDEX 2016 (ICRC-CORDEX 2016), organised by the World Climate Research Programme, will bring together the the international community involved in regional climate research, focus ...

    16 March 2016

  15. Arctic Council Workshop on Resilience

    13 Mar 2016 to 15 Mar 2016 As part of this year's Arctic Science Summit Week (12-18 March 2016), IES scientist Julian Wilson will participate in the Arctic Council Workshop on Resilience as a nominated member of the workshop steering committee.   Fur ...

    11 March 2016

  16. Climate resilient and low carbon development

    09 Mar 2016 At the 9th of March’s External Cooperation Info Point, IES scientist Apollonia Miola will give a presentation in which she will speak about "Climate resilient and low carbon development- the new JRC global index to support the EU’s Global ...

    02 March 2016

  17. European droughts set to become more prevalent by the end of the century

    01 Apr 2016 A recently published JRC report investigates the trends and impacts of past and future meteorological drought events in Europe, and the implications of a projected drier future for southern Europe and a wetter future for northern Europe. Meteo ...

    01 April 2016

  18. New study on storm surges projections in Europe

    30 Mar 2016 Coastal flooding is often caused by extreme events, such as storm surges, which in some areas may be amplified by climate change. A number of studies have evaluated the dynamics of future extreme storm surges, but mainly at local or regional s ...

    30 March 2016

  19. First European Atlas of Forest Tree Species launched today

    21 Mar 2016 The JRC celebrates the International Day of Forests by launching the first ever European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. A result of the collaborative efforts of leading scientists and forestry professionals, this publication provides informatio ...

    21 March 2016

  20. Adaptation to increasing flood risk in Europe should aim to reduce impact

    17 Mar 2016 A JRC-led research published in Climatic Change investigated the benefits of four adaptation measures to reduce the increasing flood risk in Europe under state-of-the-art global warming projections under a high-end climate scenario. Adaptation ...

    17 March 2016

  21. Using pan-tropical biomass maps to improve IPCC Tier 1 default level emission factors – a case study for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

    The IPCC proposes three Tier levels for greenhouse gas emission monitoring with a hierarchical order in terms of accuracy as well as data requirements/complexity. While Tier 1 provides default above-ground biomass (AGB) values per ecological zone and cont ...

    01 May 2016

  22. Frequency analysis of critical meteorological conditions in a changing climate- Assessing future implications for railway transportation in Austria

    Meteorological extreme events have great potential for damaging railway infrastructure and posing risk to the safety of train passengers. In the future, climate change will presumably have serious implications on meteorological hazards in the Alpine regio ...

    30 April 2016

  23. New evidence confirms human activities drive global warming

    22 Feb 2016 A new statistical technique, analysing data records since measuring started 150 years ago, independently confirms that man-made carbon dioxide (CO 2) and methane (CH 4) emissions have led to global warming, according to a JRC-led article publi ...

    22 February 2016

  24. JRC Marine Modelling Framework in support of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive: Inventory of models, basin configurations and datasets

    The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) foresees that all EU Member States take the necessary measures to maintain or progressively achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) in the marine environment by year 2020. In recent years, the JRC has deliver ...

    30 April 2016

  25. AFOLU Data Portal

    AFOLU Dataset Table The data portal for spatial data on terrestrial ecosystem modelling (agriculture, forestry and other land uses, AFOLU) is currently offline due to technical reasons.   Please find below a full list of available datasets. Public dataset ...

    01 December 2015