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  1. Costs and benefits of climate policies

    Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Ocean Colour: Essential climate variables

    Ocean colour remote sensing primarily aims to derive the spectrum of marine surface reflectance from satellite observations. In turn, marine reflectance can be used to determine inherent optical properties (absorption and back-scattering coefficients) and ...

    20 March 2015

  3. Impacts of climate change

    The European Commission is working to make the European economy more climate-friendly with both mitigation and adaptation policies.   Mitigation policies aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and so produce benefits in terms of avoided climate damages; a ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Climate change

    Climate change is expected to have significant impacts on natural resources, the world economy and human health. It will lead to increased temperatures, rising sea levels, altered precipitation patterns and increased frequencies of extreme weather events ...

    19 May 2015

  5. Desertification and drought

    Drought and desertification are closely related phenomena. Persisting over months or years, drought can affect large areas and may have serious environmental, social and economic impacts. While drought is a natural phenomenon, whose impacts can be exacerb ...

    18 May 2015

  6. Climate change mitigation

    The EU has a stated objective of limiting global climate change to a temperature increase of 2ºC above preindustrial levels. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported in 2007 that reaching that target would require the reduction of glo ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Forest adaptation to climate change

    Even if emissions are stabilised relatively soon, climate change and its effects will last many years, and adaptation will be necessary. The need for an Adaptation Clearinghouse was identified in the Commission’s 2009 White Paper “ Adapting to climate cha ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Hazards and Risks of climate change impacts

    Due to Climate Change, frequencies of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and heat waves are expected to increase in the future. The JRC works on predicting and making impact assessments of such events. Floods To increase preparedness for floo ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Monitoring of climate and climate change

    Coherent greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories and projections are needed to help improve the effectiveness of climate policy. The JRC supports long-term GHG monitoring, in particular within the European Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) Inf ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Sustainability of climate policies

    In addition to carrying out cost analyses, the overall environmental effectiveness of climate change policies, including low-carbon and carbon-free energy technologies investments, must be assessed. The JRC contributes to the EC Flagship Initiatives Resou ...

    30 April 2014

  11. The Photovoltaic Industry

    Article providing an overview of the photovoltaic industry. In 2010, the photovoltaic world market almost doubled in terms of production to 23 to 24 GW. The market for installed systems doubled again and values between 16 and 18 GW were reported by variou ...

    30 April 2014

  12. The Photovoltaic Market

    Article providing an overview of the international photovoltaic market. In 2010, the worldwide photovoltaic market more than doubled, driven by major increases in Europe. For 2010 the market volume of newly installed solar photovoltaic electricity systems ...

    30 April 2014

  13. The Congo Basin Forests- State of the Forests 2010

    Book presenting the state of the Congo basin forests in 2010, concerning the deforestation patterns, the trends in forest sustainable management and the threats to biodiversity. The forests of Central Africa are the subject of intense debate worldwide. Th ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Assessing REDD+ performance of countries with low monitoring capacities: the matrix approach

    Article presenting a matrix approach to assessing REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) performance of countries with low monitoring capacities. Estimating emissions from deforestation and degradation of forests in many deve ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Les Forêts du Bassin du Congo- Etat des Forêts 2010 [The Congo Basin forests- State of the Forests 2010]

    Les forêts du bassin du Congo couvrent 200 millions d’hectares au cœur du continent africain. Tout à la fois, elles représentent la ressource quotidienne de 60 millions de personnes, produisent des moyens financiers pour les Etats de la région par l’explo ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Evaluation of the Laboratory Comparison Exercise for SO2, CO, O3, NO and NO2, Langen 23rd-28th October 2011

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting an evaluation of the Laboratory Comparison Exercise for SO 2, CO, O 3, NO and NO 2, carried out by AQUILA (Network of European Air Quality Reference Laboratories) 23- 28 October 2011. From the 23rd t ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Global estimates of carbon stock changes in living forest biomass: EDGARv4.3 – time series from 1990 to 2010

    Article presenting estimatations of the the carbon (C) stock changes from living forest biomass for all countries of the world, in order to complete the Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector in Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Re ...

    30 April 2014

  18. National GHG emissions reduction pledges and 2°C: comparison of studies

    Article providing a comparison study on the Emissions Gap Report (United Nations Environment Programme, December 2010) on expected global greenhouse gas emission levels in 2020. This paper provides further detail based on the Emissions Gap Report (United ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Digital surface modelling and 3D information extraction from spaceborne very high resolution stereo pairs

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report discussing the potentials of VHR stereo imagery for automatic digital surface modelling (DSM) and 3D information extraction on large metropolitan cities. The work focuses on evaluating the quality of the DSMs i ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Finance Mechanisms and Incentives for Photovoltaic Technologies in Developing Countries

    JRC article reviewing the existing support mechanisms and incentives for off-grid photovoltaic (PV) deployment in developing countries, particularly combining market, energy use, and socio-economic elements. Access to modern energy is a social and economi ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Examination of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model performance over the North American and European domains

    Article examining the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model performance over North America and Europe as part of the Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII). The CMAQ modeling system has been used to simulate the air quality ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Processing Indices of Change and Extremes from Regional Climate Change Data

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report outlining how indices of change and extremes from regional climate change data have been standardised to a common map projection, grid size and spatial extent to be directly available for further analysis or in ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Decoupling economic growth from carbon dioxide emissions: A decomposition analysis of Italian energy consumption

    Article presenting a decomposition analysis, used to investigate the main factors influencing the CO 2, the CH 4 and the N 2 O emissions of Italian transport activities for the period 1995-2003. A decomposition analysis is used to investigate the main fac ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Global storm surge forecast and inundation modeling

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the implementation of storm surge in the JRC HyFlux2 code, which is routinely used in GDACS to model inundations due to tsunamis runups. The first aim of this work is to identify which source of info ...

    30 April 2014

  25. An approach with a Business-as-Usual scenario projection to 2020 for the Covenant of Mayors from the Eastern Partnership

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report outlining the methodology for the Covenant of Mayors – East for a business-as-usual projection of emissions for 2020. The methodology for the Covenant of Mayors – East needed to be extended with a business-as-u ...

    30 April 2014