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  1. Foreign fats in chocolate

    Discontinued activity The so-called Chocolate Directive (Directive 2000/36/EC) allows the addition of up to 5% of vegetable fats other than cocoa butter, the so-called cocoa butter equivalents (CBEs), in chocolate. If CBEs are added, consumers have to be ...

    24 October 2014

  2. Organic food and sustainable agriculture

    Food scares have increased consumer awareness in all aspects of food safety and quality. As a result, consumers have increasingly expressed preferences with respect to agricultural practices and geographical origin. Policy makers also have recognised the ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Food authenticity and quality

    The labeling of food products is essential to inform consumers what kind of products they are buying. EU harmonised rules on food labeling, presentation and advertising aim to protect consumers and facilitate trade inside and outside Europe. Recently an i ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Best environmental management practice

    Organisations of all sizes and kinds have a large scope for improving their environmental performance. With motivations ranging from eco-efficiency to reputation and concerns about the sustainability of their business, many organisations try to reduce the ...

    11 June 2015

  5. Air quality and greenhouse gases

    Despite continued efforts to reduce emissions of harmful air pollutants, air pollution remains a worldwide concern, including in large areas of Europe. Improving air quality while keeping the climate hospitable is a complex process which requires a thorou ...

    19 May 2015

  6. Healthcare Quality

    Healthcare quality is the extent to which health services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. Care should be evidence-based and provided in a technically and culturally competent manner with good communication ...

    10 December 2014

  7. Evaluation of the Laboratory Comparison Exercise for SO2, CO, O3, NO and NO2, Langen 23rd-28th October 2011

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting an evaluation of the Laboratory Comparison Exercise for SO 2, CO, O 3, NO and NO 2, carried out by AQUILA (Network of European Air Quality Reference Laboratories) 23- 28 October 2011. From the 23rd t ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Global estimates of carbon stock changes in living forest biomass: EDGARv4.3 – time series from 1990 to 2010

    Article presenting estimatations of the the carbon (C) stock changes from living forest biomass for all countries of the world, in order to complete the Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector in Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Re ...

    30 April 2014

  9. National GHG emissions reduction pledges and 2°C: comparison of studies

    Article providing a comparison study on the Emissions Gap Report (United Nations Environment Programme, December 2010) on expected global greenhouse gas emission levels in 2020. This paper provides further detail based on the Emissions Gap Report (United ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Examination of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model performance over the North American and European domains

    Article examining the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model performance over North America and Europe as part of the Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII). The CMAQ modeling system has been used to simulate the air quality ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Support to the review of the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution: JRC’s contribution to the 2nd Stakeholder meeting January 2012

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report containing the presentations made by JRC staff at the second Stakeholder Meeting (held in January 2012) in support of the Commission's Thematic Strategy for Air Pollution (TSAP). Although efforts of the EU ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Evaluation of EC interlaboratory comparison on radionuclides in soil

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing a comparison among 73 environmental radioactivity monitoring laboratories for the determination of 15 radionuclides in soil.   A comparison was organised by the Institute for Reference Materials and ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Decoupling economic growth from carbon dioxide emissions: A decomposition analysis of Italian energy consumption

    Article presenting a decomposition analysis, used to investigate the main factors influencing the CO 2, the CH 4 and the N 2 O emissions of Italian transport activities for the period 1995-2003. A decomposition analysis is used to investigate the main fac ...

    30 April 2014

  14. An approach with a Business-as-Usual scenario projection to 2020 for the Covenant of Mayors from the Eastern Partnership

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report outlining the methodology for the Covenant of Mayors – East for a business-as-usual projection of emissions for 2020. The methodology for the Covenant of Mayors – East needed to be extended with a business-as-u ...

    30 April 2014

  15. The certification of different mass fractions of DAS-40278-9 in maize seed powder: ERM®-BF433a,ERM®-BF433b, ERM®-BF433c and ERM®-BF433d

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the production of a set of Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) ERM-BF433a, b, c and d, certified for their DAS-40278-9 mass fractions. The material has been produced following ISO Guide 34:2009.   T ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Chapter 3: Analytical Quality Assurance

    A JRC authored book chapter providing an overview which covers basic aspects relevant to quality with a special focus on analytical quality in the field of food analysis. Thousands of analytical measurements are performed every day in food laboratories al ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Drinking Water Quality Standards and Regulations

    Article presenting information on the legislation and standard for drinking water quality. This first chapter in the monograph on the Best Practice Guide on Metals Removal from Drinking Water by Treatment gives a short introduction in the legislation and ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Ozonolysis of b-pinene at conditions relevant for indoor environments: Influence of temperature on the composition of secondary organic aerosol.

    Article analysing the influence of temperature on the composition of secondary organic aerosol, such as fragrances and air freshener. Ubiquitous use of fragrances and air fresheners in the indoor environment may pose health implications for consumers beca ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Global estimates of C stock changes in living forest biomass: EDGARv4.3 –5FL1 time series from 1990 to 2010

    Article comparing the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) GPG 2003 and the IPCC AFOLU 2006 by calculating the C stock changes in living forest biomass, in order to extend the Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) database. Wh ...

    30 April 2014

  20. The impact of analytical quality criteria and data evaluation on the quantification of genetically modified organisms

    Article considering different data evaluation approaches for qPCR raw data from three interlaboratory comparisons and assessing the impact on the mean DNA copy number ratio and its standard deviation. The article discusses the importance of raw data evalu ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Will Euro 6 reduce the NOx emissions of new diesel cars?- Insights from on-road tests with Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS)

    Article analysing the gaseous emissions of one novel Euro 6 diesel car and six Euro 4-5 diesel cars with Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS). It suggests that the current type-approval procedure does not adequately capture the on-road NOx emissi ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Performance criteria to evaluate air quality modeling applications

    Article describing the advantages of a new approach regarding application the dependence of U, a pollutant, on concentrations level where the station is ignored, and an assumption on the pollutant dependent relative error is made. A set of statistical ind ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Evaluation of the Laboratory Comparison Exercise for SO2, CO, O3, NO and NO2- 11th-14th June 2012 Ispra- EC Harmonization Program for Air Quality Measurements

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting an evaluation of the Laboratory Comparison Exercise for SO 2, CO, O 3, NO and NO 2, carried out by AQUILA (Network of European Air Quality Reference Laboratories) from 11-14 th June 2012. From the 11 ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Chemical-monitoring on-site exercises to harmonize analytical methods for priority substances in the European Union

    Article presenting the main results obtained in the three collaborative intercomparison exercises carried out on European rivers (Po, Danube and Meuse), highlighting the gaps of the methods employed for Water Framework Directive monitoring. The Water Fram ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Guidance for sediment and biota monitoring under the Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive

    Article presenting the key features of the Commission's guidance document on enhancing  the degree of harmonisation among EU countries in chemical monitoring of sediments and biota in water. Environmental Quality Standard (EQS) Directive 2008/105/EC ...

    30 April 2014