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  1. Accident prevention

    In the last years Europe witnessed a marked increase in the number and severity of both natural and man-made disasters. Single chemical accident releases involving dangerous substances in chemical installations, petrochemical and oil refineries continue t ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Nuclear accident modelling

    Since the 90s, the JRC has participated in many experimental and analytical activities in the field of Severe Accidents for Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Several experimental facilities were operating during many years within JRC premises (FARO, KROTOS, ST ...

    01 September 2015

  3. Railways safety

    The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, a ...

    02 September 2015

  4. Technological accidents triggered by natural disasters

    Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, storms, etc., can damage chemical plants or oil and gas pipelines, causing the release of hazardous materials. These accidents are also called Natech accidents. Currently, there is little knowledge on the dy ...

    02 September 2015

  5. Preventing industrial accidents

    Chemical installations, petrochemical and oil refineries, and storage facilities are hazardous installations which need to be safe and secure from internal (technical failure, human error, etc.) and external (natural hazards, terrorist attacks, etc.) even ...

    02 September 2015

  6. Improving safety in construction

    Earthquakes, explosions, impacts and blast threaten the safety of buildings, construction works and infrastructure. Large-scale testing and numerical simulation are complementary tools to study the effects of such events on the built environment and devel ...

    01 September 2015

  7. Supporting arch structure construction method

    In a method of constructing a supporting structure (e.g. of a bridge or the roof of a building) in arched form, an initially straight or pre-curved frame structure, having a first end  and a second end opposite to the first end, is pivotally supported at ...

    31 May 2016

  8. Mobile Laser Scanning Platform

    The device is composed of hardware and software. The hardware components of the MLSP are: A mobile laser range scanner which acquires several 3D scans of the environment per second. A processing unit which analyses the scanner data in real-time and genera ...

    20 May 2016

  9. Hydraulic drive for fatigue tests, use of an asymmetric tandem cylinder for fatigue tests and method of controlling the hydraulic drive

    A fatigue test is a method for determining the behavior of materials under fluctuating loads. Typically, a specified mean load and an alternating load are applied to a specimen and the number of cycles required to produce failure (fatigue life) is recorde ...

    20 May 2016

  10. Device for collecting and temporarily storing fluids from an underwater source

    This device serves for the collection and temporary storage of lighter than water fluids (such as liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons) escaping from an underwater source. The invention includes a dome-shaped collector placed over the underwater source, a riser ...

    20 May 2016

  11. A method for protecting taut cables from vibrations

    The device is a unilateral spring, which increases lightly, and alternatively the elastic restoring force of the cable. The optimised characteristics of the spring depend on the cable, on the position of attachment and on the expected level of excitation. ...

    20 May 2016

  12. Workshop on Risk Assessment for Natural-Hazard Impact on Hazardous Chemical Installations

    16 Mar 2016 This training workshop will give an overview of the risks of natural-hazard impact on hazardous chemical facilities and provide hands-on training on the JRC's RAPID-N tool for rapid Natech risk assessment and mapping to support decision m ...

    17 March 2016

  13. Simulation of steam generator plugging tubes in a PWR to analyze the operating impact

    A number of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) in the world have replaced their steam generators (SG) due to degradation of the SG tubes caused by different problems. Several methods were attempted to correct the defects of ...

    08 June 2016

  14. Storage of Thermal REactor Safety Analysis Data

    STRESA STRESA The STRESA (Storage of Thermal REactor Safety Analysis Data) information system was developed by the JRC in Ispra in the year 2000 to disseminate documents and experimental data from large in-house JRC scientific projects on severe accidents ...

    20 August 2015

  15. Hopkinson Bar facility

    HopLab The HOPLAB facility is used for the study of materials and of structural components to very fast dynamic loads, such as those due to blasts and impacts, where knowledge of the material behaviour under high strain-rates is necessary. HOPLAB is the W ...

    30 April 2014

  16. European Laboratory for Structural Assessment

    ELSA The kernel of the European Laboratory for Structural Assessment (ELSA) is the Reaction Wall. It consists of a re-inforced concrete vertical wall and a horizontal floor rigidly connected together to test the vulnerability of buildings to earthquakes a ...

    18 May 2015

  17. Generalization of the pinball contact/impact model for use with mesh adaptivity and element erosion in EUROPLEXUS

    This report presents the generalization of the pinball-based contact-impact model (PINB) of the EUROPLEXUS code for use in conjunction with mesh adaptivity, i.e. with adaptive mesh refinement and un-refinement. The interaction of the pinball model with th ...

    23 May 2016

  18. Shock tube tests with coupled 1D-3D models in EUROPLEXUS

    This report illustrates the use of coupled 1D-3D models for the simulation of shock tube experiments by the EUROPLEXUS code. This, combined with new features allowing appropriate piloting of the time increment in the numerical solutions, allows to save CP ...

    15 May 2016

  19. EU-US-Asia workshop on hybrid testing

    05 Oct 2015 to 06 Oct 2015 The JRC is organising an international workshop on hybrid cyber-physical testing, possibly real-time and/or geographically-distributed. It is a joint EU-USA initiative and the main objective is to bring together researchers from ...

    29 September 2015

  20. European design standards widespread in the building sector

    30 Dec 2015 According to a new JRC study, 23 out of the 28 EU countries, as well as Norway, have implemented the European Technical Standards (Eurocodes) for buildings and other civil engineering works, which have become national standards. The study also ...

    22 December 2015

  21. New tools for learning from accidents

    25 Nov 2015 New tools for accident investigators and trainers have been developed by the European Safety, Reliability & Data Association (ESReDA), of which the JRC is member. The tools include a model to analyse what has been learned and what has not, ...

    25 November 2015

  22. Analysis of blast parameters in the near-field for spherical free-air explosions

    The report focuses on the calculation of blast parameters that are used for designing structural elements to resist blast induced loads. It addresses shortcomings encountered with the widely used relationships proposed in the Kingery-Bulmash technical man ...

    05 May 2016

  23. CORRIGENDUM Best Available Techniques (BAT) Reference Document for the Production of Chlor-alkali. Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control)

    Not applicable. http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC100905 BRINKMANN Thomas GINER SANTONJA German SCHORCHT Frauke ROUDIER Serge DELGADO SANCHO Luis 2014 EUR- Scientific and Technical Research Reports IPTS Environment and climate chan ...

    13 April 2016

  24. Construction Standards- Standardization Summit 2015

    03 Jun 2015 The JRC side-event to the Standardization Summit on the topic of construction standards is co-organised with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) within the framework of the European Forum for Science and Industry. The main objecti ...

    18 May 2015

  25. New knowledge centre to help the EU minimise risk of disasters

    30 Sep 2015 On 30 September, the European Commission launched a new in-house centre to help EU Member States respond to emergencies, prevent and reduce the impact of disasters. Among its activities, the Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre will offer ...

    30 September 2015