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  1. Safety and Security

    The JRC provides European policy makers with scientific and technological advice on safety, security and stability within the EU and beyond. Research, analysis and in-house developed tools support EU policies on border security, including maritime borders ...

    06 July 2015

  2. Aviation security

    Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and tech ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear hazards

    CBRN is an acronym for chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear. It is used to refer to situations in which a threat is manifested by the presence or use of any of such agents. Sometimes the acronym is extended to CBRNE, where the E refers to the th ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Clearinghouse

    Operating experience from the 440 nuclear reactors producing electricity worldwide forms a valuable source of information. The European Union has set up a regional network to improve the collecting and implementing of operational experience, called the &q ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Monitoring container traffic and analysing risk

    90% of the world's cargo is transported in maritime containers, but only 2% is physically inspected by customs authorities, opening the possibility for illicit activities. Today, it is widely believed that the only viable way to control containerised ...

    05 May 2014

  6. Preventing industrial accidents

    Chemical installations, petrochemical and oil refineries, and storage facilities are hazardous installations which need to be safe and secure from internal (technical failure, human error, etc.) and external (natural hazards, terrorist attacks, etc.) even ...

    30 October 2014

  7. Radioactive environmental monitoring

    Monitoring artificial radioactivity in the environment is of utmost importance in order to verify that there is compliance with the Basic Safety Standards (Euratom/96/29 currently being revised) and to monitor tendencies over time. Under the Euratom Treat ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Reactor safety

    The EU is concerned with ensuring that the highest standards of reactor safety are adopted and maintained. The Council Directive 2009/71/EURATOM establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations stipulates the application ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Reference materials for microbiology and pathogens

    The regular occurrence of food borne pathogen related outbreaks in the EU, the ongoing struggle with pathogens in health care and public health as well as the security threat related to the potential misuse of pathogens emphasise the need for an adequate ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Road safety: the digital tachograph

    Tiredness and speeding are common causes of accidents among drivers of lorries and  coaches. To address this issue, the digital tachograph became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU. Since 2004, the JRC has ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Security for privacy and data protection

    The JRC is carrying out research to assess new and emerging information and communication technologies (ICT) in respect to their impact and associated risks for the European citizen, with the aim to identify ways and measures to protect the citizen agains ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Space technologies for disaster risk reduction and response

    Measuring and anticipating the effects of future natural hazards is important in order to implement measures to mitigate the effects of disasters. In all phases of crisis management, satellite-derived information plays an essential role as a synoptic, ind ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Standards in construction: the Eurocodes

    The construction and construction products sector is crucial for the European economy, representing approximately 10% of the EU GDP and providing 20 million jobs. Construction also represents a key component in the quality of life of citizens, as they spe ...

    05 May 2014

  14. Strengthening transparency in aid: EU Aid Explorer

    The EU is the largest provider of external aid in the world. Article 210 of the Treaty for the Functioning of the EU foresees that the Union and its member states coordinate their policies on development cooperation and consult each other on their aid pro ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Technological accidents triggered by natural disasters

    Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, storms, etc., can damage chemical plants or oil and gas pipelines, causing the release of hazardous materials. These accidents are also called Natech accidents. Currently, there is little knowledge on the dy ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Aviation safety

    The causes of aviation accidents are complex to understand: rather than by a single failure, they are usually caused by a sequence of events linked one to the other. Often, the same kind of event has already happened somewhere else in the world without ca ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Railways safety

    The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, a ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Nuclear accident modelling

    Since the 90s, the JRC has participated in many experimental and analytical activities in the field of Severe Accidents for Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Several experimental facilities were operating during many years within JRC premises (FARO, KROTOS, ST ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Disaster risk management

    Natural and man-made hazards continuously threaten population in Europe and beyond. Managing risks associated with hazards is based on sound policy making in prevention, preparedness, response, and reconstruction activities. The JRC carries out extensive ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Safe mobility for the visually impaired

    The JRC has developed SESAMONET- SEcure and SAfe MObility NETwork- designed to improve ease of movement for visually impaired people. The idea consists in using RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) passive transponders (i.e. microchips) to create a path ...

    25 June 2014

  21. Security of the supply chain

    Today in the world millions of shipping containers constantly travel and cross national borders. Cargo containers are considered as a weak link in the supply chain as they can be potentially exploited to defraud customs, introduce illicit cargo and breach ...

    27 January 2015

  22. Surveillance

    Surveillance systems are increasingly used to assure safety and security in Europe for example, for border control, customs and defence. Surveillance should help to ensure security, provide data robust enough for court evidence while not compromising the ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Antifraud

    Evasion of import duties, cigarette smuggling, subsidies for growing olives on farms that don't exist — all are examples of fraudulent activities that cost European taxpayers money. Protecting the financial interests of the EU is a priority for the E ...

    05 May 2014

  24. Crisis management

    Every year natural disasters and crises worldwide cause fatalities and considerable economic losses. In these situations, the EU has one aim- to get help to those who need it as quickly as possible. Reinforcing the EU’s capacity to prevent, prepare for an ...

    19 May 2015

  25. Global safety and security

    Security is a pre-requisite for stability and growth. The Lisbon Treaty recognises that protecting the EU’s prosperity and security requires that the EU play an active role in tackling global challenges such as poverty, conflict and humanitarian disasters ...

    30 April 2014