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  1. Innovation and growth

    Research and innovation are acknowledged to play a key role in creating jobs and boosting growth, which is a top priority for the European Commission. To address the challenges and opportunities facing Europe, innovation has been placed at the core of the ...

    06 July 2015

  2. Nanotechnology

    Nanotechnology is a key enabling technology and has great potential for addressing societal challenges including energy supply and health care. Nonetheless, the use of nanomaterials also raises safety concerns, which need to be addressed in a Europe-wide ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Waste and recycling

    Today more than ever, the European Commission is working hard to preserve our limited resources. In 2004, it launched the Thematic Strategy on Prevention and Recycling of Waste. This long-term strategy aims at helping Europe to become a recycling society ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Sustainable Product Policy

    The JRC supports the implementation of European sustainable product policies such as EU Ecolabel, Green Public Procurement, Eco-design of Energy-Related Products (ErP),and Energy Label. Its main tasks are: providing all technical, economic and environment ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Sensitivity analysis, sensitivity auditing and impact assessment

    Dealing with such uncertainties and multiple scenarios in policy-relevant data is an important challenge for decision making. Since the attention given to the robustness of scientific advice is increasing, the JRC applies sensitivity analysis and sensitiv ...

    25 July 2014

  6. Education and Lifelong Learning

    The policy demand for the monitoring and evaluation of education systems is increasing on an international level. With its Centre for Research on Education and Lifelong Learning (CRELL), established by Council Conclusions in 2005, the JRC supports the Dir ...

    25 July 2014

  7. Science and Technology Studies

    As the EU relies on science, technology and innovation to secure its present and develop its future, reflecting on and anticipating societal impacts arising from current narratives embodied in EU policy is essential to ensure trust among citizens. Preside ...

    20 April 2015

  8. Input-Output economics

    Sustainable production and consumption can only be addressed by giving due consideration to economic, social and environmental variables. Policies and measures oriented to support growth and employment must be compatible with long-term sustainability and ...

    30 May 2015

  9. Regional economic analysis and modelling

    EU regional policy is a broad investment policy in key strategic policy areas. It supports job creation, competitiveness, economic growth, improved quality of life and sustainable development. These investments support the delivery of the Europe 2020 stra ...

    11 March 2015

  10. Economic, environmental and social effects of globalisation

    EU Exports to the world: effects on employment and income  View all data per country on the interactive map The JRC provides scientific policy support to DG Trade by performing Input-Output analysis oriented to quantify the numbers of jobs and value added ...

    23 June 2015

  11. Sustainable production and consumption

    Sustainable development stands for meeting the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Social, economic and environmental issues are inseparable and interdependent. The EU has mainstream ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Sustainable production: best available techniques

    Industrial production processes account for a considerable share of the overall pollution in Europe. The EU has a set of common rules for permitting and controlling industrial installations described in the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED). ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Industrial research and innovation

    Compared to main competitors like the US and Japan, Europe under-invests in its knowledge foundations, with a major gap in business R&D.  To overcome this gap, the EU has set the target of spending 3% of its GDP on R&D by 2020, with a major contri ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Smart specialisation

    ipts_s3p.mp4 The European Commission's Cohesion Policy aims to reduce differences between regions and to ensure growth across Europe. Structural Funds are among its main tools. Its efficient use and management is a crucial factor for many regions in ...

    29 June 2015

  15. Research and Innovation Policies

    The JRC supports the development of the Innovation Union, as part of ensuring "smart growth" in the EU. Innovation Union policies must be based on robust analyses of up-to-date, reliable information, taking into consideration the interrelation b ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Measuring research & innovation

    Research and innovation are crucial in bringing about a return to competitiveness for Europe. More than simply overcoming the current crisis, the European Commission is committed to building a stable economy for the future based on smart sustainable growt ...

    03 November 2014

  17. Stairway to Excellence (S2E)

    The Commission launched in 2014 the " Cohesion Policy and the synergies with the research  and development funds: the Stairway to Excellence (S2E)" project, managed by the Joint Research Centre within the Smart Specialisation Platform. The Stair ...

    24 June 2015

  18. Best environmental management practice

    Organisations of all sizes and kinds have a large scope for improving their environmental performance. With motivations ranging from eco-efficiency to reputation and concerns about the sustainability of their business, many organisations try to reduce the ...

    11 June 2015

  19. Composite indicators

    Indices aggregate multi-dimensional processes into simplified concepts. The JRC has developed methodologies to construct robust composite indicators that can provide policy-makers with the ‘big picture’ on matters that are crucial for the EU, helping to s ...

    01 September 2015

  20. Counterfactual impact evaluation

    In its simplest form, counterfactual impact evaluation (CIE) is a method of comparison which involves comparing the outcomes of interest of those having benefitted from a policy or programme (the “treated group”) with those of a group similar in all respe ...

    28 July 2014

  21. The 2011 Civic Competence Composite Indicator

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report addressing the development of a new composite indicator on civic competence, the Civic Competence Composite Indicator 2 (CCCI-2). It comprises four dimensions: ‘Participatory Attitudes’, ‘Citizenship Values’, ‘ ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Comparisons of the European carbon footprint (2000–2006) from three different perspectives within a multi-regional framework

    Article presenting the comparisons of the European carbon footprint from three different perspectives within a multi-regional framework for the period 2000-2006. We would expect the levels of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of production in non-European ...

    30 April 2014

  23. A note on the impact evaluation of public policies: The counterfactual analysis

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the policy evaluation framework and the different counterfactual analysis evaluation strategies: propensity score matching, regression discontinuity design, differences-in-differences and instrumenta ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Composite Indicators of Research Excellence

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report exploring the possibility to develop a composite indicator of research excellence in Europe, in coherence with the orientations of the EU 2020 strategy and the Innovation Union initiative. Three alternative con ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)- Economic Performance of the EU Fish Processing Industry Sector(STECF-OWP-12-01)

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report providing a comprehensive overview of the latest information available on the structure and economic performance of the European Union (EU) fish processing industry from the Scientific, Technical and Economic C ...

    30 April 2014