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  1. Health and consumer protection

    The JRC provides scientific and technical support to EU policies on food, consumer products, chemicals and public health. With the aim of protecting general interests and health of European citizens, our scientists assess selected consumer products, as we ...

    19 January 2015

  2. Reference materials for clinical analysis

    The measurement of biomarkers, mainly in blood, is performed in many thousands of hospital laboratories.  The results are used to monitor health status, screen for disease, support diagnosis, and monitor the effect of therapies for diseases. However, meas ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Nutrition

    Eating habits can go a long way towards ensuring good health. Low consumption of fruits, vegetables or fibre, and excess intakes of salt, sugars, and trans and saturated fats are among the top contributors to death and disability caused by non-communicabl ...

    17 October 2014

  4. Food contact materials

    What are food contact materials? Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials, kitchen utensils, tableware and food processing equipment. They can be made ...

    10 November 2014

  5. Bioinformatics

    Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what Bioinformatics is all about. At the JRC, we apply Bioinformatics to genetic data, i.e. to DNA sequences, for the detec ...

    14 November 2014

  6. Human Exposure

    A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important ...

    26 November 2014

  7. Alternatives to animal testing and safety assessment of chemicals

    Chemical safety assessment has traditionally been based on animal testing but the EU has been promoting for many years the replacement, reduction, and refinement of animal testing. Further it is also considered that traditional risk assessment approaches ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Consumer products

    Consumers are in daily contact with a variety of products such as cosmetics, kitchenware or textiles. The safety of these is of primary concern for producers and legislators. The European Commission aims at the highest possible level of consumer protectio ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Nanotechnology

    Nanotechnology is a key enabling technology and has great potential for addressing societal challenges including energy supply and health care. Nonetheless, the use of nanomaterials also raises safety concerns, which need to be addressed in a Europe-wide ...

    30 April 2014

  10. GMOs

    The number of genetically modified crops and the area cultivated with them are steadily increasing worldwide. In the EU, only one GM maize is currently cultivated but many other GMO crops are authorised for food and feed use. However, products derived fro ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Food and feed safety

    Food needs to be nutritious, fresh and above all safe. Consumers should be able to have trust in the products they buy. Recent "food crises" such as dioxins in food and feed, mad cow disease, melamine in milk products, plasticisers in sprot drin ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Foreign fats in chocolate

    Discontinued activity The so-called Chocolate Directive (Directive 2000/36/EC) allows the addition of up to 5% of vegetable fats other than cocoa butter, the so-called cocoa butter equivalents (CBEs), in chocolate. If CBEs are added, consumers have to be ...

    24 October 2014

  13. Organic food and sustainable agriculture

    Food scares have increased consumer awareness in all aspects of food safety and quality. As a result, consumers have increasingly expressed preferences with respect to agricultural practices and geographical origin. Policy makers also have recognised the ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Reference materials for food analysis

    The certified reference materials distributed by the JRC give measurement laboratories a means to validate analytical methods and to assess the accuracy of their measurement results. Over the years, the JRC has developed a broad variety of food related re ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Reference materials for microbiology and pathogens

    The regular occurrence of food borne pathogen related outbreaks in the EU, the ongoing struggle with pathogens in health care and public health as well as the security threat related to the potential misuse of pathogens emphasise the need for an adequate ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Public Health

    Maintaining the highest possible level of public health protection, especially for an ageing population, is a key challenge for Europe in the changing global socio-economic landscape. Effective public health policies need to address a wide variety of comp ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Healthcare Quality

    Healthcare quality is the extent to which health services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. Care should be evidence-based and provided in a technically and culturally competent manner with good communication ...

    10 December 2014

  18. Food authenticity and quality

    The labeling of food products is essential to inform consumers what kind of products they are buying. EU harmonised rules on food labeling, presentation and advertising aim to protect consumers and facilitate trade inside and outside Europe. Recently an i ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Reference materials for GMO analysis

    The use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as food/feed needs to be authorised in Europe. Food/feed products containing more than 0.9% of GMOs have to be labelled (Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003) This labelling threshold applies for adventiously added ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Determination of brominated flame retardants: a proficiency test

    JRC conference contribution presenting the results of a proficiency test for the determination of total bromine and several polybrominated biphenyls and diphenyl ethers (PBB and PBDE) in plastic. This manuscript presents the results of a proficiency test ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Electrodeposition source preparation for 238U alpha source: Parameter settings

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting a study on a series of parameter setings for 238U source preparation optimization for electrodeposition. A literature and experimental study was carried out on 238U source preparation optimization fo ...

    30 April 2014

  22. The Role of Contagion in Financial Crises: an Uncertainty Test on Interbank Patterns

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report testing the hypothesis that the interbank matrix can be approximated by its maximum entropy, by verifying if variations in the structure of the interbank matrix lead to significant changes in the magnitude of c ...

    30 April 2014

  23. IMEP-34: Heavy Metals in Toys according to EN 71-3:1994

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the results of an  interlaboratory comparison (ILC) which focussed on the determination of soluble antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), and ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Evaluation of EC interlaboratory comparison on radionuclides in soil

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing a comparison among 73 environmental radioactivity monitoring laboratories for the determination of 15 radionuclides in soil.   A comparison was organised by the Institute for Reference Materials and ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Total hip arthroplasty: State of the art, prospects and challenges

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report reviewing the historical development and the state-of-the-art of total hip arthroplasty from a biomedical engineering point of view, illustrating the motivation for the efforts to improve the quality of hip pro ...

    30 April 2014