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  1. Economic, environmental and social effects of globalisation

    EU Exports to the world: effects on employment and income  View all data per country on the interactive map The JRC provides scientific policy support to DG Trade by performing Input-Output analysis oriented to quantify the numbers of jobs and value added ...

    23 June 2015

  2. Ocean Colour: Essential climate variables

    Ocean colour remote sensing primarily aims to derive the spectrum of marine surface reflectance from satellite observations. In turn, marine reflectance can be used to determine inherent optical properties (absorption and back-scattering coefficients) and ...

    20 March 2015

  3. Global Flood Partnership Conference 2016

    29 Jun 2016 to 01 Jul 2016 The 6th Annual Conference of the Global Flood Partnership will take place in Ispra on 29, 30 June and 1 July. Fifty flood experts from organisations like the JRC, NASA, ECMWF, the World Food Program, the Red Cross and Red Cresce ...

    24 June 2016

  4. Disaster risk management

    Natural and man-made hazards continuously threaten population in Europe and beyond. Managing risks associated with hazards is based on sound policy making in prevention, preparedness, response, and reconstruction activities. The JRC carries out extensive ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Integrated sustainability assessments

    Sustainability science is a solution-oriented discipline that studies the complex relationship between nature and humankind, conciliating the mutually influenced scientific and social reference paradigms, and covering multi-temporal and spatial scales. Th ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Green and circular economy

    In a changing globalised world, better management of resources is essential, as is the need to concentrate efforts to efficiently respond to the main challenges (including jobs and growth, the investment agenda, climate and energy, social agenda and indus ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Sustainable Product Policy

    The JRC supports the implementation of European sustainable product policies such as EU Ecolabel, Green Public Procurement, Eco-design of Energy-Related Products (ErP),and Energy Label. Its main tasks are: providing all technical, economic and environment ...

    02 September 2015

  8. Costs and benefits of climate policies

    Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation ...

    01 September 2015

  9. Impacts of climate change

    The European Commission is working to make the European economy more climate-friendly with both mitigation and adaptation policies.   Mitigation policies aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and so produce benefits in terms of avoided climate damages; a ...

    01 February 2016

  10. Digital Earth

    Digital Earth is a concept of an interactive digital replica of the entire planet that can facilitate a shared understanding of the multiple relationships between the physical and natural environments and society. To do so, it needs to be accessible globa ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Water governance

    Rivers and seas are a common resource for the countries that share their basins. A key example in Europe is the Danube river which is 2 800 km long, passes through 10 countries and receives water from 19 countries. The JRC’s activities focus on assessing ...

    02 September 2015

  12. Water biodiversity

    Freshwater ecosystems are among the most degraded and threatened ecosystems at the global scale. Given the likelihood that demand for available water resources in Europe and worldwide will increase in the future, water ecosystem services need to be protec ...

    02 September 2015

  13. Waste and recycling

    Today more than ever, the European Commission is working hard to preserve our limited resources. In 2004, it launched the Thematic Strategy on Prevention and Recycling of Waste. This long-term strategy aims at helping Europe to become a recycling society ...

    02 September 2015

  14. Technological accidents triggered by natural disasters

    Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, storms, etc., can damage chemical plants or oil and gas pipelines, causing the release of hazardous materials. These accidents are also called Natech accidents. Currently, there is little knowledge on the dy ...

    02 September 2015

  15. Sustainable production: best available techniques

    Industrial production processes account for a considerable share of the overall pollution in Europe. The EU has a set of common rules for permitting and controlling industrial installations described in the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED). ...

    02 September 2015

  16. Sustainable production and consumption

    Sustainable development stands for meeting the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Social, economic and environmental issues are inseparable and interdependent. The EU has mainstream ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Sustainable management of natural resources in ACP countries

    According to the United Nations, at least 17% of the Earth’s surface waters and 10% of coastal and marine areas should be protected. The current 13 000 protected areas are insufficient to ensure the survival of the Earth’s biodiversity. EU development pol ...

    02 September 2015

  18. Sustainability of climate policies

    In addition to carrying out cost analyses, the overall environmental effectiveness of climate change policies, including low-carbon and carbon-free energy technologies investments, must be assessed. The JRC contributes to the EC Flagship Initiatives Resou ...

    02 September 2015

  19. Earth observation products

    Earth observation has become an essential element in assessing and addressing global challenges. It can provide synoptic overviews which can be used for situation assessment and change detection. The JRC has longstanding expertise in the use of remote sen ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Soil protection

    Soil provides the main foundation for human activity and housing. It is a limited and fragile resource, that Europe's environment policy seeks to protect. Soil data and information are relevant for a number of EU policy areas: food security, agricult ...

    01 September 2015

  21. Reference materials for environmental analysis

    The protection of the environment is amongst the highest priorities worldwide. The identification of environmental pollution is based on monitoring campaigns that periodically assess the quality of our water, soil and air. The reliability and comparabilit ...

    02 September 2015

  22. Radioactive environmental monitoring

    Monitoring artificial radioactivity in the environment is of utmost importance in order to verify that there is compliance with the Basic Safety Standards (Euratom/96/29 currently being revised) and to monitor tendencies over time. Under the Euratom Treat ...

    02 September 2015

  23. Preventing industrial accidents

    Chemical installations, petrochemical and oil refineries, and storage facilities are hazardous installations which need to be safe and secure from internal (technical failure, human error, etc.) and external (natural hazards, terrorist attacks, etc.) even ...

    02 September 2015

  24. Monitoring of climate and climate change

    Coherent greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories and projections are needed to help improve the effectiveness of climate policy. The JRC supports long-term GHG monitoring, in particular within the European Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) Inf ...

    01 September 2015

  25. Input-output economics

    Sustainable production and consumption can only be addressed by giving due consideration to economic, social and environmental variables. Policies and measures oriented to support growth and employment must be compatible with long-term sustainability and ...

    30 May 2015