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  1. Energy and transport

    Research in energy and transport areas is vital to ensure a sustainable future of our planet in general and a low-carbon economy in particular. The aim of research in these fields is to support the European Commission's Energy Union strategy to make ...

    06 July 2015

  2. Safe mobility for the visually impaired

    The JRC has developed SESAMONET- SEcure and SAfe MObility NETwork- designed to improve ease of movement for visually impaired people. The idea consists in using RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) passive transponders (i.e. microchips) to create a path ...

    25 June 2014

  3. Transport safety and security

    The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of the GDP. The quality and cost of transport services have a major impact on the ability of businesses to compete, on economic growth and the quality of life. Enha ...

    25 June 2014

  4. Energy sector economic analysis

    People’s well-being, industrial competitiveness and the overall functioning of society are dependent on safe, secure, sustainable and affordable energy. The energy sector, covering extraction, production and distribution directly employs in the EU about 1 ...

    04 February 2015

  5. Aviation safety

    The causes of aviation accidents are complex to understand: rather than by a single failure, they are usually caused by a sequence of events linked one to the other. Often, the same kind of event has already happened somewhere else in the world without ca ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Aviation security

    Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and tech ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Energy technology & innovation

    The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well as security of energy supply. There is thus an urgent need for energy technology innovation with high perf ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Energy security, systems and market

    A modern energy infrastructure is crucial for an integrated energy market and to enable the EU to meet its broader climate and energy goals. Europe must modernise and expand its energy network to absorb energy from renewable sources and secure supplies ev ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Energy- Transparency Centre of Knowledge (E-TRACK)

    The 'Energy- Transparency Centre of Knowledge' (E-TRACK) is a joint initiative agreed between the Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission for the promotion of public participation i ...

    05 May 2015

  10. Hydrogen and fuel cells

    Hydrogen can store and deliver energy in a widely useable form, and it is one of the most promising alternative fuels for future energy applications. It can be produced pollution-free, without carbon dioxide emissions and it decreases our dependence on dw ...

    02 September 2015

  11. Interoperability and e-mobility

    E-mobility refers to clean and efficient transport, using electric vehicles, powered either by batteries or by hydrogen fuel cells. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) have big growth potential, provided that there are also investments in the development of s ...

    01 September 2015

  12. Maritime safety and security

    Maritime transport enables trade and contacts between all the European nations and provides the main vehicle for European imports and exports to the rest of the world. Almost 90% of the EU external freight trade is seaborne, while short sea shipping repre ...

    01 September 2015

  13. Photovoltaics

    Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities inclu ...

    02 September 2015

  14. Railways safety

    The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, a ...

    02 September 2015

  15. Reference materials for fuel analysis

    Fuel quality is an important energy issue for industry as well as for citizens. When using fuels in car engines or domestic heating systems consumers need to be sure that the fuel does not cause any malfunction or damage to their equipment. Similarly, con ...

    02 September 2015

  16. Road safety: the digital tachograph

    Tiredness and speeding are common causes of accidents among drivers of lorries and  coaches. To address this issue, the digital tachograph became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU. Since 2004, the JRC has ...

    02 September 2015

  17. Security of the supply chain

    Today in the world millions of shipping containers constantly travel and cross national borders. Cargo containers are considered as a weak link in the supply chain as they can be potentially exploited to defraud customs, introduce illicit cargo and breach ...

    27 January 2015

  18. Transport sector economic analysis

    Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective tr ...

    02 September 2015

  19. Biofuels and bioenergy

    Bioenergy will remain crucial over the next decade in order to reach the renewable energy targets in 2020, which is why the EU member states incorporated the bioenergy option in their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). As the JRC aims to pro ...

    04 September 2015

  20. Sustainable transport and fuels

    The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achie ...

    04 September 2015

  21. The Photovoltaic Industry

    Article providing an overview of the photovoltaic industry. In 2010, the photovoltaic world market almost doubled in terms of production to 23 to 24 GW. The market for installed systems doubled again and values between 16 and 18 GW were reported by variou ...

    30 April 2014

  22. The Photovoltaic Market

    Article providing an overview of the international photovoltaic market. In 2010, the worldwide photovoltaic market more than doubled, driven by major increases in Europe. For 2010 the market volume of newly installed solar photovoltaic electricity systems ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the results of the 'Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply' project. The project “Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Consistent Post-Test Calculations for LOCA Scenarios in LOBI Integral Facility

    Article presenting an example of a procedure implementing changes in a common nodalisation valid for simulating tests occurring in a specific integral test facility (ITF), which are a tool used for the validation of best estimate thermalhydraulic system c ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Progress in Chalcopyrite Compound Semiconductor Research for Photovoltaic Applications and Transfer of Results into Actual Solar Cell Production

    Article describing the developments of the photovoltaic applications, in particular that of the Chalcopyrite Compound Semiconductor.   Since a number of years photovoltaics continues to be one of the fastest-growing industries with growth rates well beyon ...

    30 April 2014