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  1. Agriculture and food security

    To meet the needs of the world's growing population and taking into account changing consumption patterns, natural resources scarcity and the impact of climate change, food production must be increased in an economically, environmentally, and sociall ...

    06 June 2015

  2. Farming in the EU

    The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), representing the second largest share of the EU budget, is an evolving policy area. In the two last decades, support to farmers evolved from price support towards direct payment decoupled from production. Further refo ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Global food security

    According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) by effect of demographic growth and changes in diets and incomes, demand for food is likely to grow by 70% until 2050. The current outlook of increasing global demand is mirrored by considerable unc ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Agricultural markets and international trade

    The EU is the first trader in agricultural products of the world, both in terms of exports and imports. Agricultural trade helps to answer possible food production shortages due to climatic or other reasons. Ultimately, it contributes to the prosperity of ...

    19 January 2015

  5. Rural development

    Rural areas in the EU represent, according to a standard definition, 91 % of the territory and 56 % of the population. Many of these rural areas face significant environmental and socio-economic challenges. Agricultural practices put pressure on the rural ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Genetics for traceability in the fisheries sector

    Low-cost catfish fillets sold as expensive sole fillets or cod caught in the North Sea but declared as originating from the Baltic Sea are both examples of types of fraud in the fisheries sector. Molecular methods, such as those based on DNA-technology, m ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Agricultural monitoring

    Agricultural monitoring is carried out at the JRC mainly to distinguish, identify and measure the main crop production areas in Europe, estimate production early in the year and check the validity of farmers’ applications for EU subsidies. The European Co ...

    30 April 2014

  8. Crop yield forecasting

    Crop yield forecasts and crop production estimates are necessary at EU and Member State level to provide the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision makers with timely information for rapid decision-making during the growing season. Estimates of cr ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Fisheries and Aquaculture

    Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also tourism and trade are key sectors of the EU economy. The EU fishing industry is the fourth largest in the wo ...

    30 April 2014

  10. Forestry

    35% of the European land area is covered by forests, which represent 25% of the world’s forest resources. Forests provide habitats and nutrients for organisms, modulate hydrologic flow, and help conserve soil resources. They constitute one of the most imp ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Agricultural biodiversity

    Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to structural modifications in farming practices and put pressure on the environment, leading to soil deplet ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Desertification and drought

    Drought and desertification are closely related phenomena. Persisting over months or years, drought can affect large areas and may have serious environmental, social and economic impacts. While drought is a natural phenomenon, whose impacts can be exacerb ...

    18 May 2015

  13. Agricultural technological innovation

    The need for technological development in agriculture to achieve "sustainable intensification" is on the agenda of governments and international bodies. Innovation is also at the centre of the EU2020 strategy. New technologies and their adoption ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the results of the 'Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe for energy supply' project. The project “Assessment and modeling of available forest resources in Europe ...

    30 April 2014

  15. The Congo Basin Forests- State of the Forests 2010

    Book presenting the state of the Congo basin forests in 2010, concerning the deforestation patterns, the trends in forest sustainable management and the threats to biodiversity. The forests of Central Africa are the subject of intense debate worldwide. Th ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Assessing REDD+ performance of countries with low monitoring capacities: the matrix approach

    Article presenting a matrix approach to assessing REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) performance of countries with low monitoring capacities. Estimating emissions from deforestation and degradation of forests in many deve ...

    30 April 2014

  17. The first year of implementation of the LPIS quality assessment in the frame of Comm. Reg. No 1122/2009 art. 6.2

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the JRC activities and developments of the Land Parcel Identification System (LPIS) quality assurance framework during 2011. This document reports on the JRC activities on and developments of the LPI ...

    30 April 2014

  18. LPIS Quality Assurance Framework- ANNEX III: The concept of land cover and “eligible hectares"

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report describing the concept of the land cover mapping used in the Executable Test Suite (ETS) and the way to express the raw ETS observations (mapped land cover and landscape features) in eligibility terms, using an ...

    30 April 2014

  19. The obligation of sustainable fisheries management: Review of endured failures and challenges in exploitation of the living sea

    Book chapter reviewing fisheries management towards sustainablity. book chapter review of fisheries management towards sustainablity RAETZ Hans-Joachim 2012 Articles in books Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen Agriculture and food se ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Les Forêts du Bassin du Congo- Etat des Forêts 2010 [The Congo Basin forests- State of the Forests 2010]

    Les forêts du bassin du Congo couvrent 200 millions d’hectares au cœur du continent africain. Tout à la fois, elles représentent la ressource quotidienne de 60 millions de personnes, produisent des moyens financiers pour les Etats de la région par l’explo ...

    30 April 2014

  21. MSE testing of factors likely to have an effect on catch surplus calculations through impacting MSY estimates

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report analysing uncertainty on the estimation of Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) considering the most likely factors to affect the stocks subject to Fisheries Partnership Agreements.   This work deals with uncertaint ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)- Review of scientific advice for 2013- part 2 (STECF-12-08).

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research report reviewing the fish stocks of EU interest. STECF EWG-12-09 was held on 2-6 July 2012 in Copenhagen (Denmark). The meeting produced the 2nd report in 2012 focussing on the review of stocks of EU interest. STECF a ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)- Evaluation of Fishing Effort Regimes in European Waters Part 1 (STECF-12-09)

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report presenting the STECF's review of the Expert Working Group 12-06 which has extensively addressed the ToR regarding the fishing effort regime evaluations in European waters.   STECF presents its review of th ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries. International Dimension (STECF-12-11).

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report reviewing the conclusions of the Expert Working Group EWG-12-04, which provided an  analysis of the concept of "surplus"- as used for stocks of small pelagic and demersal species distributed in Wester ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)- Development of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) in European seas (STECF-12-12)

    JRC Scientific and Technical Research Report addressing the outcomes of the STECF Expert Working Group EWG-11- ‘Development of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) in European seas’.     The STECF Expert Working Group EWG-11- ‘Development ...

    30 April 2014