Search

How to create queries in the free text search:

  • Add double quotes around a group of words to search for pages containing that group (e.g. "fuel cells")
  • AND (or &&):  wind AND "solar panels" returns pages containing both "wind" and "solar panels".
  • OR (or a space): wind "solar panels" returns pages containing wind or "solar panels".
  • NOT (or !): solar NOT "solar panels" returns pages containing solar but not "solar panels".
  • Use the various filters (left column) to refine or reset your search.
  1. Governance, Public sector Innovation and Social Change

    Governance, Public sector Innovation and Social Change (GISC) research area is focusing on investigating the socio-economic impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) that contribute to address fundamental societal challenges, such as the ...

    07 April 2016

  2. Digital Single Market, Platforms and Copyright

    Online services trade in the EU Digital Single Market The creation of a borderless Single Market for trade in goods, services, capital and labour has been a major objective ever since the start of the EU. This objective has been extended to online markets ...

    02 May 2016

  3. ICT R&D and Innovation

    ICT-related innovation represents between 17% and 26% of total innovative output in the EU. With its annual R&D expenditure of €27 Bn (2009), the ICT industry represents 17% of total European Business Expenditure in Research and Development (BERD). Th ...

    07 June 2016

  4. Economic, environmental and social effects of globalisation

    EU Exports to the world: effects on employment and income  View all data per country on the interactive map The JRC provides scientific policy support to DG Trade by performing Input-Output analysis oriented to quantify the numbers of jobs and value added ...

    23 June 2015

  5. Stairway to Excellence (S2E)

    As part of the Smart Specialisation Platform (S3P), the Stairway to Excellence (S2E), project is centred on the provision of assistance to the 13 Member States who joined the European Union in 2004 and subsequent years with the aim of closing the innovati ...

    06 June 2016

  6. Behaviour and ICT policy

    Understanding how people interact with digital technology is relevant to EU policy for a number of reasons. For one, the  digital consumer and citizen needs to be protected, from malicious advertising, on-line tracking, companies tricking them into reveal ...

    05 February 2016

  7. Transport sector economic analysis

    Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective tr ...

    02 September 2015

  8. Research and innovation policies

    The JRC supports the development of the Innovation Union, as part of ensuring "smart growth" in the EU. Innovation Union policies must be based on robust analyses of up-to-date, reliable information, taking into consideration the interrelation b ...

    02 September 2015

  9. Sustainable Product Policy

    The JRC supports the implementation of European sustainable product policies such as EU Ecolabel, Green Public Procurement, Eco-design of Energy-Related Products (ErP),and Energy Label. Its main tasks are: providing all technical, economic and environment ...

    02 September 2015

  10. Smart specialisation

    The European Commission's Cohesion Policy aims to reduce differences between regions and to ensure growth across Europe. Structural Funds are among its main tools. Its efficient use and management is a crucial factor for many regions in Europe to ove ...

    29 June 2015

  11. Costs and benefits of climate policies

    Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation ...

    01 September 2015

  12. Impacts of climate change

    The European Commission is working to make the European economy more climate-friendly with both mitigation and adaptation policies.   Mitigation policies aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and so produce benefits in terms of avoided climate damages; a ...

    01 February 2016

  13. Rural development

    Rural areas in the EU represent, according to a standard definition, 91 % of the territory and 56 % of the population. Many of these rural areas face significant environmental and socio-economic challenges. Agricultural practices put pressure on the rural ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Learning and Skills for the Digital Era

    Learning and skills are key contributors to society and the economy. As modern societies and economies are changing due to, amongst others, globalisation and technological progress, a fundamental transformation of education and training (E&T) througho ...

    07 June 2016

  15. Industrial research and innovation

    Compared to main competitors like the US and Japan, Europe under-invests in its knowledge foundations, with a major gap in business R&D.  To overcome this gap, the EU has set the target of spending 3% of its GDP on R&D by 2020, with a major contri ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Agricultural markets and international trade

    The EU is the first trader in agricultural products of the world, both in terms of exports and imports. Agricultural trade helps to answer possible food production shortages due to climatic or other reasons. Ultimately, it contributes to the prosperity of ...

    19 January 2015

  17. Agricultural technological innovation

    The need for technological development in agriculture to achieve "sustainable intensification" is on the agenda of governments and international bodies. Innovation is also at the centre of the EU2020 strategy. New technologies and their adoption ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Global food security

    According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) by effect of demographic growth and changes in diets and incomes, demand for food is likely to grow by 70% until 2050. The current outlook of increasing global demand is mirrored by considerable unc ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Energy sector economic analysis

    People’s well-being, industrial competitiveness and the overall functioning of society are dependent on safe, secure, sustainable and affordable energy. The energy sector, covering extraction, production and distribution directly employs in the EU about 1 ...

    04 February 2015

  20. Farming in the EU

    The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), representing the second largest share of the EU budget, is an evolving policy area. In the two last decades, support to farmers evolved from price support towards direct payment decoupled from production. Further refo ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Waste and recycling

    Today more than ever, the European Commission is working hard to preserve our limited resources. In 2004, it launched the Thematic Strategy on Prevention and Recycling of Waste. This long-term strategy aims at helping Europe to become a recycling society ...

    02 September 2015

  22. Sustainable production: best available techniques

    Industrial production processes account for a considerable share of the overall pollution in Europe. The EU has a set of common rules for permitting and controlling industrial installations described in the Industrial Emissions Directive 2010/75/EU (IED). ...

    02 September 2015

  23. Sustainable production and consumption

    Sustainable development stands for meeting the needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Social, economic and environmental issues are inseparable and interdependent. The EU has mainstream ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Sustainability of climate policies

    In addition to carrying out cost analyses, the overall environmental effectiveness of climate change policies, including low-carbon and carbon-free energy technologies investments, must be assessed. The JRC contributes to the EC Flagship Initiatives Resou ...

    02 September 2015

  25. Regional economic analysis and modelling

    Economic and social cohesion are major pillars of the European welfare state and a large part of the EU budget is devoted to maintaining and strengthening them through support at the regional level. Impact assessment of EU regional policy is complex, not ...

    11 March 2015