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  1. Agriculture and food security

    To meet the needs of the world's growing population and taking into account changing consumption patterns, natural resources scarcity and the impact of climate change, food production must be increased in an economically, environmentally, and sociall ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Information Society

    The JRC supports the European Commission's Digital Agenda by assessing its policies towards economic recovery and competitiveness – digital economy, Single Digital Market and industrial analysis of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Standards

    Standards stimulate and enable innovation and competiveness in Europe. Industry needs framework conditions which are the basis on which to invest, innovate and gain global market share in an increasingly competitive world. Standardisation brings efficienc ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Economic and Monetary Union

    Deepening the Economic and Monetary Union after the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008 remains one of the European Commission's key priorities. The JRC's scientific approach contributes to achieving this goal. Indeed, with its modellin ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Energy and transport

    Research in energy and transport areas is vital to ensure a sustainable future of our planet in general and a low-carbon economy in particular. The aim of research in these fields is to support EU policies that ensure sustainable, safe, secure and efficie ...

    19 January 2015

  6. Environment and climate change

    Protection of the environment for future generations and efforts to limit the impacts of climate change are of the utmost importance in European and world policy. The international community has agreed that global warming should be kept below 2ºC compared ...

    19 January 2015

  7. Health and consumer protection

    The JRC provides scientific and technical support to EU policies on food, consumer products, chemicals and public health. With the aim of protecting general interests and health of European citizens, our scientists assess selected consumer products, as we ...

    19 January 2015

  8. Innovation and growth

    Research and innovation are acknowledged to play a key role in maintaining sustainable levels of growth and employment. To address the challenges and opportunities facing Europe, innovation has been placed at the core of the Europe 2020 Strategy for smart ...

    19 January 2015

  9. Safety and Security

    The JRC provides European policy makers with scientific and technological advice on safety, security and stability within the EU and beyond. Research, analysis and in-house developed tools support EU policies on border security, including maritime borders ...

    19 January 2015

  10. Fisheries and Aquaculture

    Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also tourism and trade are key sectors of the EU economy. The EU fishing industry is the fourth largest in the wo ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Surveillance

    Surveillance systems are increasingly used to assure safety and security in Europe for example, for border control, customs and defence. Surveillance should help to ensure security, provide data robust enough for court evidence while not compromising the ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Antifraud

    Evasion of import duties, cigarette smuggling, subsidies for growing olives on farms that don't exist — all are examples of fraudulent activities that cost European taxpayers money. Protecting the financial interests of the EU is a priority for the E ...

    05 May 2014

  13. Crisis management

    Every year natural disasters and crises worldwide cause fatalities and considerable economic losses. In these situations, the EU has one aim- to get help to those who need it as quickly as possible. Reinforcing the EU’s capacity to prevent, prepare for an ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Global safety and security

    Security is a pre-requisite for stability and growth. The Lisbon Treaty recognises that protecting the EU’s prosperity and security requires that the EU play an active role in tackling global challenges such as poverty, conflict and humanitarian disasters ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Earth observation

    Earth observation is the gathering of information about planet Earth’s physical, chemical and biological systems via remote sensing technologies, usually involving satellites carrying imaging devices. Earth observation is used to monitor and assess the st ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Cybersecurity

    An increasing number of vital services depend on digital systems – commercial transactions, health, safety, security and others that contribute to our general well-being. Disruptions to these systems – through deliberate "cyber" attacks, natural ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Digital living

    Based on their enabling characteristics, ICTs permit all sectors in society to influence the way we live, work and behave. With citizens becoming active participants in the European Knowledge Society and thus being able to consume and produce digital cont ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Natural and man-made hazards

    Natural and man-made hazards include, for instance, droughts, desertification, floods, fires, earthquakes and dispersion of radioactive gases in the atmosphere.  They have significant social, environmental and economic impacts. The JRC carries out extensi ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Accident prevention

    In the last years Europe witnessed a marked increase in the number and severity of both natural and man-made disasters. Single chemical accident releases involving dangerous substances in chemical installations, petrochemical and oil refineries continue t ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Transport safety and security

    The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of the GDP. The quality and cost of transport services have a major impact on the ability of businesses to compete, on economic growth and the quality of life. Enha ...

    25 June 2014

  21. Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear hazards

    CBRN is an acronym for chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear. It is used to refer to situations in which a threat is manifested by the presence or use of any of such agents. Sometimes the acronym is extended to CBRNE, where the E refers to the th ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Citizens' digital footprint

    While interacting with digital information systems, citizens create an increasing trail of personal and individual data. These data are recorded and possibly archived somewhere, owned by someone, and potentially used in various ways. The rise of mobile co ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Data exchange standardisation for maritime surveillance

    Currently, EU and national authorities responsible for different aspects of maritime surveillance – such as border control, safety and security, fisheries control, customs, environment or defence – collect data separately and often do not share them betwe ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Ethical aspects of new ICT technologies

    New and emerging Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) regularly bring along specific features that have an impact on security. The user is typically exposed to complex and difficult technology details that are not easily understood, such as te ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Floods

    The JRC’s research on floods focuses on improving preparedness and response during a flood crisis, mainly through early warning and monitoring systems, but also through the assessment of mitigation and prevention measures. It has developed several systems ...

    30 April 2014