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  1. Health and consumer protection

    The JRC provides scientific and technical support to EU policies on food, consumer products, chemicals and public health. With the aim of protecting general interests and health of European citizens, our scientists assess selected consumer products, as we ...

    19 January 2015

  2. Economic and Monetary Union

    Deepening the Economic and Monetary Union after the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008 remains one of the European Commission's key priorities. The JRC's scientific approach contributes to achieving this goal. With its modelling expert ...

    06 July 2015

  3. Agriculture and food security

    To meet the needs of the world's growing population and taking into account changing consumption patterns, natural resources scarcity and the impact of climate change, food production must be increased in an economically, environmentally, and sociall ...

    06 June 2015

  4. Energy and transport

    Research in energy and transport areas is vital to ensure a sustainable future of our planet in general and a low-carbon economy in particular. The aim of research in these fields is to support the European Commission's Energy Union strategy to make ...

    06 July 2015

  5. Environment and climate change

    Protection of the environment for future generations and efforts to limit the impacts of climate change are of the utmost importance in European and world policy. The international community has agreed that global warming should be kept below 2ºC compared ...

    19 January 2015

  6. Information Society

    The internet and digital technologies are transforming our world. It is a Commission priority to make the EU's single market fit for the digital age. The JRC supports the European Commission's agenda by providing evidence which supports policy m ...

    03 June 2015

  7. Innovation and growth

    Research and innovation are acknowledged to play a key role in creating jobs and boosting growth, which is a top priority for the European Commission. To address the challenges and opportunities facing Europe, innovation has been placed at the core of the ...

    06 July 2015

  8. Standards

    Standards stimulate and enable innovation and competiveness in Europe, and are a key objective of the EU-US Free Trade Agreement. Industry needs framework conditions which are the basis on which to invest, innovate and gain global market share in an incre ...

    06 July 2015

  9. Safety and Security

    The JRC provides European policy makers with scientific and technological advice on safety, security and stability within the EU and beyond. Research, analysis and in-house developed tools support EU policies on border security, including maritime borders ...

    06 July 2015

  10. Energy efficiency

    Improving the efficiency with which energy is consumed by end-users is a central theme of the European Union's energy policy. Energy efficiency is one of the fastest and most cost effective ways to reduce CO 2 emissions, contribute to energy security ...

    30 April 2014

  11. Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear hazards

    CBRN is an acronym for chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear. It is used to refer to situations in which a threat is manifested by the presence or use of any of such agents. Sometimes the acronym is extended to CBRNE, where the E refers to the th ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Citizens' digital footprint

    While interacting with digital information systems, citizens create an increasing trail of personal and individual data. These data are recorded and possibly archived somewhere, owned by someone, and potentially used in various ways. The rise of mobile co ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Data exchange standardisation for maritime surveillance

    Currently, EU and national authorities responsible for different aspects of maritime surveillance – such as border control, safety and security, fisheries control, customs, environment or defence – collect data separately and often do not share them betwe ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Ethical aspects of new ICT technologies

    New and emerging Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) regularly bring along specific features that have an impact on security. The user is typically exposed to complex and difficult technology details that are not easily understood, such as te ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Interoperability of Global Navigation Satellite Systems

    The Galileo programme is Europe’s initiative for state-of-the-art Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), providing a highly accurate, guaranteed global positioning service under civilian control. To be successful, Galileo needs be inter-operable with ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Monitoring container traffic and analysing risk

    90% of the world's cargo is transported in maritime containers, but only 2% is physically inspected by customs authorities, opening the possibility for illicit activities. Today, it is widely believed that the only viable way to control containerised ...

    05 May 2014

  17. Preventing industrial accidents

    Chemical installations, petrochemical and oil refineries, and storage facilities are hazardous installations which need to be safe and secure from internal (technical failure, human error, etc.) and external (natural hazards, terrorist attacks, etc.) even ...

    30 October 2014

  18. Road safety: the digital tachograph

    Tiredness and speeding are common causes of accidents among drivers of lorries and  coaches. To address this issue, the digital tachograph became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU. Since 2004, the JRC has ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Security for privacy and data protection

    The JRC is carrying out research to assess new and emerging information and communication technologies (ICT) in respect to their impact and associated risks for the European citizen, with the aim to identify ways and measures to protect the citizen agains ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Space technologies for disaster risk reduction and response

    Measuring and anticipating the effects of future natural hazards is important in order to implement measures to mitigate the effects of disasters. In all phases of crisis management, satellite-derived information plays an essential role as a synoptic, ind ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Standards for wireless services

    The radio spectrum is the key enabler for innovative wireless services, including digital broadband and smart infrastructures (such as future internet, smart grid and intelligent transport systems). As a limited natural resource, the radio spectrum must b ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Standards in construction: the Eurocodes

    The construction and construction products sector is crucial for the European economy, representing approximately 10% of the EU GDP and providing 20 million jobs. Construction also represents a key component in the quality of life of citizens, as they spe ...

    05 May 2014

  23. Strengthening transparency in aid: EU Aid Explorer

    The EU is the largest provider of external aid in the world. Article 210 of the Treaty for the Functioning of the EU foresees that the Union and its member states coordinate their policies on development cooperation and consult each other on their aid pro ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Technological accidents triggered by natural disasters

    Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, storms, etc., can damage chemical plants or oil and gas pipelines, causing the release of hazardous materials. These accidents are also called Natech accidents. Currently, there is little knowledge on the dy ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Learning and skills

    Learning and skills are key contributors to society and the economy. As modern societies and economies are changing due to, amongst others, globalisation and technological progress, a fundamental transformation of education and training (E&T) througho ...

    30 April 2014