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  1. European Human Resources Observatory for the Nuclear Energy Sector (EHRO-N)

    The European Human Resources Observatory for the Nuclear Sector (EHRO-N) was established in 2011, in the framework of the EURATOM treaty, to determine the situation of nuclear-educated Human Resources, skills and competences in Europe, assess the trends a ...

    02 September 2015

  2. Accident prevention

    In the last years Europe witnessed a marked increase in the number and severity of both natural and man-made disasters. Single chemical accident releases involving dangerous substances in chemical installations, petrochemical and oil refineries continue t ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Radioactive waste management (E-TraCK-RWM)

    Public participation in radioactive waste management (RWM) constitutes the first project of the Energy- Transparency Centre of Knowledge (E-TRACK). Given the legally binding requirements for transparency of the Council Directive 2011/70/EURATOM on spent f ...

    17 September 2015

  4. Governance, Public sector Innovation and Social Change

    Governance, Public sector Innovation and Social Change (GISC) research area is focusing on investigating the socio-economic impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) that contribute to address fundamental societal challenges, such as the ...

    05 July 2016

  5. Digital Single Market, Platforms and Copyright

    Online services trade in the EU Digital Single Market The creation of a borderless Single Market for trade in goods, services, capital and labour has been a major objective ever since the start of the EU. This objective has been extended to online markets ...

    02 May 2016

  6. ICT R&D and Innovation

    ICT-related innovation represents between 17% and 26% of total innovative output in the EU. With its annual R&D expenditure of €27 Bn (2009), the ICT industry represents 17% of total European Business Expenditure in Research and Development (BERD). Th ...

    07 June 2016

  7. Economic, environmental and social effects of globalisation

    EU Exports to the world: effects on employment and income  View all data per country on the interactive map The JRC provides scientific policy support to DG Trade by performing Input-Output analysis oriented to quantify the numbers of jobs and value added ...

    23 June 2015

  8. Energy- Transparency Centre of Knowledge (E-TRACK)

    The 'Energy- Transparency Centre of Knowledge' (E-TRACK) is a joint initiative agreed between the Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) for the promotion of public participation in the implementation of ene ...

    05 May 2015

  9. Science and technology studies

    As the EU relies on science, technology and innovation to secure its present and develop its future, reflecting on and anticipating societal impacts arising from current narratives embodied in EU policy is essential to ensure trust among citizens. Preside ...

    20 April 2015

  10. Ocean Colour: Essential climate variables

    Ocean colour remote sensing primarily aims to derive the spectrum of marine surface reflectance from satellite observations. In turn, marine reflectance can be used to determine inherent optical properties (absorption and back-scattering coefficients) and ...

    20 March 2015

  11. Security of the supply chain

    Today in the world millions of shipping containers constantly travel and cross national borders. Cargo containers are considered as a weak link in the supply chain as they can be potentially exploited to defraud customs, introduce illicit cargo and breach ...

    25 February 2016

  12. Photovoltaics

    Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities inclu ...

    02 September 2015

  13. Healthcare quality

    Healthcare quality is the extent to which health services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. Care should be evidence-based and provided in a technically and culturally competent manner with good communication ...

    29 June 2016

  14. Human exposure

    A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important r ...

    29 June 2016

  15. Bioinformatics

    Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what bioinformatics is all about. At the JRC, we apply bioinformatics to genetic data, i.e. to DNA sequences, for the detec ...

    29 June 2016

  16. Food contact materials

    What are food contact materials? Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials, kitchen utensils, tableware and food processing equipment. They can be made ...

    29 June 2016

  17. Measuring research and innovation

    Research and innovation are crucial in bringing about a return to competitiveness for Europe. More than simply overcoming the current crisis, the European Commission is committed to building a stable economy for the future based on smart sustainable growt ...

    01 September 2015

  18. Nutrition

    Eating habits can go a long way towards ensuring good health. Low consumption of fruits, vegetables or fibre, and excess intakes of salt, sugars, and trans and saturated fats are among the top contributors to death and disability caused by non-communicabl ...

    29 June 2016

  19. Counterfactual impact evaluation

    In its simplest form, counterfactual impact evaluation (CIE) is a method of comparison which involves comparing the outcomes of interest of those having benefitted from a policy or programme (the “treated group”) with those of a group similar in all respe ...

    28 July 2014

  20. Education and Lifelong Learning

    The policy demand for the monitoring and evaluation of education systems is increasing on an international level. With its Centre for Research on Education and Lifelong Learning (CRELL), established by Council Conclusions in 2005, the JRC supports the Dir ...

    01 September 2015

  21. Sensitivity analysis, sensitivity auditing and impact assessment

    Dealing with such uncertainties and multiple scenarios in policy-relevant data is an important challenge for decision making. Since the attention given to the robustness of scientific advice is increasing, the JRC applies sensitivity analysis and sensitiv ...

    25 July 2014

  22. Stairway to Excellence (S2E)

    As part of the Smart Specialisation Platform (S3P), the Stairway to Excellence (S2E), project is centred on the provision of assistance to the 13 Member States who joined the European Union in 2004 and subsequent years with the aim of closing the innovati ...

    06 June 2016

  23. Safe mobility for the visually impaired

    The JRC has developed SESAMONET- SEcure and SAfe MObility NETwork- designed to improve ease of movement for visually impaired people. The idea consists in using RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) passive transponders (i.e. microchips) to create a path ...

    25 June 2014

  24. Piracy, maritime awareness and risks

    As one of the EU initiatives to ensure maritime security and counter piracy, the JRC helps African authorities – in the context of the Piracy, Maritime Awareness and Risks- Maritime Security (PMAR-MASE) project – to build up their own capacities for marit ...

    01 October 2015

  25. Behaviour and ICT policy

    Understanding how people interact with digital technology is relevant to EU policy for a number of reasons. For one, the  digital consumer and citizen needs to be protected, from malicious advertising, on-line tracking, companies tricking them into reveal ...

    05 February 2016