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  1. Economic and Monetary Union

    Deepening the Economic and Monetary Union after the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008 remains one of the European Commission's key priorities. The JRC's scientific approach contributes to achieving this goal. Indeed, with its modellin ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Health and consumer protection

    The JRC provides scientific and technical support to EU policies on food, consumer products, chemicals and public health. With the aim of protecting general interests and health of European citizens, our scientists assess selected consumer products, as we ...

    19 January 2015

  3. Standards

    Standards stimulate and enable innovation and competiveness in Europe. Industry needs framework conditions which are the basis on which to invest, innovate and gain global market share in an increasingly competitive world. Standardisation brings efficienc ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Nuclear safety and security

    Within the Euratom programme, the JRC provides technical and scientific support to EU policies in nuclear safety, security and radiation protection, and carries out education, training and information activities in the field. The EU Euratom programme supp ...

    19 January 2015

  5. Safety and Security

    The JRC provides European policy makers with scientific and technological advice on safety, security and stability within the EU and beyond. Research, analysis and in-house developed tools support EU policies on border security, including maritime borders ...

    19 January 2015

  6. Agriculture and food security

    To meet the needs of the world's growing population and taking into account changing consumption patterns, natural resources scarcity and the impact of climate change, food production must be increased in an economically, environmentally, and sociall ...

    30 April 2014

  7. Energy and transport

    Research in energy and transport areas is vital to ensure a sustainable future of our planet in general and a low-carbon economy in particular. The aim of research in these fields is to support EU policies that ensure sustainable, safe, secure and efficie ...

    19 January 2015

  8. Environment and climate change

    Protection of the environment for future generations and efforts to limit the impacts of climate change are of the utmost importance in European and world policy. The international community has agreed that global warming should be kept below 2ºC compared ...

    19 January 2015

  9. Information Society

    The JRC supports the European Commission's Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic by providing evidence on which to base policy. It communicates closely with policy Directorate-Generals, responds to their questions about science, outlines t ...

    16 March 2015

  10. Innovation and growth

    Research and innovation are acknowledged to play a key role in maintaining sustainable levels of growth and employment. To address the challenges and opportunities facing Europe, innovation has been placed at the core of the Europe 2020 Strategy for smart ...

    19 January 2015

  11. Composite indicators

    Indices aggregate multi-dimensional processes into simplified concepts. The JRC has developed methodologies to construct robust composite indicators that can provide policy-makers with the ‘big picture’ on matters that are crucial for the EU, helping to s ...

    24 June 2014

  12. Primary isotopic measurements

    Discontinued activity The highest metrological quality of measurements can only be obtained by using primary measurement methods. Isotopic measurements can fulfil the necessary requirements. The JRC uses isotopic techniques to measure reference values for ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Certified reference materials

    Better healthcare, safer food and a cleaner environment are just some of the ways in which accurate and reliable measurement results enhance our quality of life. The competitiveness of the European economy and the smooth functioning of international trade ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Digital Earth

    Digital Earth is a concept of an interactive digital replica of the entire planet that can facilitate a shared understanding of the multiple relationships between the physical and natural environments and society. To do so, it needs to be accessible globa ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Learning and skills

    Learning and skills are key contributors to society and the economy. As modern societies and economies are changing due to, amongst others, globalisation and technological progress, a fundamental transformation of education and training (E&T) througho ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Rural development

    Rural areas in the EU represent, according to a standard definition, 91 % of the territory and 56 % of the population. Many of these rural areas face significant environmental and socio-economic challenges. Agricultural practices put pressure on the rural ...

    30 April 2014

  17. Impacts of climate change

    The European Commission is working to make the European economy more climate-friendly with both mitigation and adaptation policies.   Mitigation policies aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and so produce benefits in terms of avoided climate damages; a ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Costs and benefits of climate policies

    Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Sustainable Product Policy

    The JRC supports the implementation of European sustainable product policies such as EU Ecolabel, Green Public Procurement, Eco-design of Energy-Related Products (ErP),and Energy Label. Its main tasks are: providing all technical, economic and environment ...

    30 April 2014

  20. ICT industry analysis

    The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industry and ICT-enabled innovation in other industries and services make an increasingly important contribution to the economic growth of advanced economies. ICT industry contribution to growth and jobs ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Reference materials for clinical analysis

    The measurement of biomarkers, mainly in blood, is performed in many thousands of hospital laboratories.  The results are used to monitor health status, screen for disease, support diagnosis, and monitor the effect of therapies for diseases. However, meas ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Reference materials for nanotechnologies

    Nanotechnologies make use of the properties of nanomaterials. Characterising the properties of nanomaterials, and their structure at the nanoscale (1 nm to 100 nm), requires advanced measurement methods. These methods are often complex or new. Certified r ...

    06 May 2014

  23. Green and resource-efficient Europe

    Transitioning to a green and resource-efficient economy is seen to be a key step towards a sustainable, reindustrialised Europe. The development of a circular economy that is both socially inclusive and environmentally responsible requires systemic change ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Aviation safety

    The causes of aviation accidents are complex to understand: rather than by a single failure, they are usually caused by a sequence of events linked one to the other. Often, the same kind of event has already happened somewhere else in the world without ca ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Railways safety

    The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, a ...

    30 April 2014