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  1. Agriculture and food security

    To meet the needs of the world's growing population and taking into account changing consumption patterns, natural resources scarcity and the impact of climate change, food production must be increased in an economically, environmentally, and sociall ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Information Society

    The JRC supports the European Commission's Digital Agenda by assessing its policies towards economic recovery and competitiveness – digital economy, Single Digital Market and industrial analysis of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) ...

    30 April 2014

  3. Standards

    Standards stimulate and enable innovation and competiveness in Europe. Industry needs framework conditions which are the basis on which to invest, innovate and gain global market share in an increasingly competitive world. Standardisation brings efficienc ...

    30 April 2014

  4. Economic and Monetary Union

    Deepening the Economic and Monetary Union after the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008 remains one of the European Commission's key priorities. The JRC's scientific approach contributes to achieving this goal. Indeed, with its modellin ...

    30 April 2014

  5. Energy and transport

    Research in energy and transport areas is vital to ensure a sustainable future of our planet in general and a low-carbon economy in particular. The aim of research in these fields is to support EU policies that ensure sustainable, safe, secure and efficie ...

    19 January 2015

  6. Environment and climate change

    Protection of the environment for future generations and efforts to limit the impacts of climate change are of the utmost importance in European and world policy. The international community has agreed that global warming should be kept below 2ºC compared ...

    19 January 2015

  7. Health and consumer protection

    The JRC provides scientific and technical support to EU policies on food, consumer products, chemicals and public health. With the aim of protecting general interests and health of European citizens, our scientists assess selected consumer products, as we ...

    19 January 2015

  8. Innovation and growth

    Research and innovation are acknowledged to play a key role in maintaining sustainable levels of growth and employment. To address the challenges and opportunities facing Europe, innovation has been placed at the core of the Europe 2020 Strategy for smart ...

    19 January 2015

  9. Nuclear safety and security

    Within the Euratom programme, the JRC provides technical and scientific support to EU policies in nuclear safety, security and radiation protection, and carries out education, training and information activities in the field. The EU Euratom programme supp ...

    19 January 2015

  10. Safety and Security

    The JRC provides European policy makers with scientific and technological advice on safety, security and stability within the EU and beyond. Research, analysis and in-house developed tools support EU policies on border security, including maritime borders ...

    19 January 2015

  11. Crop yield forecasting

    Crop yield forecasts and crop production estimates are necessary at EU and Member State level to provide the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision makers with timely information for rapid decision-making during the growing season. Estimates of cr ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Fisheries and Aquaculture

    Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also tourism and trade are key sectors of the EU economy. The EU fishing industry is the fourth largest in the wo ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Sustainable transport and fuels

    The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achie ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Nuclear energy

    In the EU, the decision to use nuclear power or not is the prerogative of the Member States. Fourteen out of twenty-seven EU Member States have nuclear power plants in operation (Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Nether ...

    30 April 2014

  15. Surveillance

    Surveillance systems are increasingly used to assure safety and security in Europe for example, for border control, customs and defence. Surveillance should help to ensure security, provide data robust enough for court evidence while not compromising the ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Antifraud

    Evasion of import duties, cigarette smuggling, subsidies for growing olives on farms that don't exist — all are examples of fraudulent activities that cost European taxpayers money. Protecting the financial interests of the EU is a priority for the E ...

    05 May 2014

  17. Crisis management

    Every year natural disasters and crises worldwide cause fatalities and considerable economic losses. In these situations, the EU has one aim- to get help to those who need it as quickly as possible. Reinforcing the EU’s capacity to prevent, prepare for an ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Global safety and security

    Security is a pre-requisite for stability and growth. The Lisbon Treaty recognises that protecting the EU’s prosperity and security requires that the EU play an active role in tackling global challenges such as poverty, conflict and humanitarian disasters ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Nuclear knowledge management, training and education

    Since 1990, the EU has been building up its nuclear knowledge base. Several incidents turned public opinion against nuclear power, leading to a gradual phasing out of nuclear energy in several EU Member States. Younger generations' interest in nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Nuclear safeguards and security

    Nuclear safeguards are measures to verify that states do not use nuclear materials to develop weapons and that they respect their obligations under international non-proliferation treaties. The development and implementation of safeguards and other nuclea ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Composite indicators

    Indices aggregate multi-dimensional processes into simplified concepts. The JRC has developed methodologies to construct robust composite indicators that can provide policy-makers with the ‘big picture’ on matters that are crucial for the EU, helping to s ...

    24 June 2014

  22. Earth observation

    Earth observation is the gathering of information about planet Earth’s physical, chemical and biological systems via remote sensing technologies, usually involving satellites carrying imaging devices. Earth observation is used to monitor and assess the st ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Cybersecurity

    An increasing number of vital services depend on digital systems – commercial transactions, health, safety, security and others that contribute to our general well-being. Disruptions to these systems – through deliberate "cyber" attacks, natural ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Digital living

    Based on their enabling characteristics, ICTs permit all sectors in society to influence the way we live, work and behave. With citizens becoming active participants in the European Knowledge Society and thus being able to consume and produce digital cont ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Environmental monitoring

    Environmental monitoring can be described as a programme of recurring, systematic studies that reveals the state of the environment. The specific aspects of the environment to be studied are determined by environmental objectives and environmental legisla ...

    30 April 2014