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  1. Agriculture and food security

    To meet the needs of the world's growing population and taking into account changing consumption patterns, natural resources scarcity and the impact of climate change, food production must be increased in an economically, environmentally, and sociall ...

    30 April 2014

  2. Energy and transport

    Research in energy and transport areas is vital to ensure a sustainable future of our planet in general and a low-carbon economy in particular. The aim of research in these fields is to support EU policies that ensure sustainable, safe, secure and efficie ...

    19 January 2015

  3. Environment and climate change

    Protection of the environment for future generations and efforts to limit the impacts of climate change are of the utmost importance in European and world policy. The international community has agreed that global warming should be kept below 2ºC compared ...

    19 January 2015

  4. Innovation and growth

    Research and innovation are acknowledged to play a key role in maintaining sustainable levels of growth and employment. To address the challenges and opportunities facing Europe, innovation has been placed at the core of the Europe 2020 Strategy for smart ...

    19 January 2015

  5. Economic and Monetary Union

    Deepening the Economic and Monetary Union after the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008 remains one of the European Commission's key priorities. The JRC's scientific approach contributes to achieving this goal. Indeed, with its modellin ...

    30 April 2014

  6. Information Society

    The JRC supports the European Commission's Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic by providing evidence on which to base policy. It communicates closely with policy Directorate-Generals, responds to their questions about science, outlines t ...

    16 March 2015

  7. Health and consumer protection

    The JRC provides scientific and technical support to EU policies on food, consumer products, chemicals and public health. With the aim of protecting general interests and health of European citizens, our scientists assess selected consumer products, as we ...

    19 January 2015

  8. Standards

    Standards stimulate and enable innovation and competiveness in Europe. Industry needs framework conditions which are the basis on which to invest, innovate and gain global market share in an increasingly competitive world. Standardisation brings efficienc ...

    30 April 2014

  9. Nuclear safety and security

    Within the Euratom programme, the JRC provides technical and scientific support to EU policies in nuclear safety, security and radiation protection, and carries out education, training and information activities in the field. The EU Euratom programme supp ...

    19 January 2015

  10. Safety and Security

    The JRC provides European policy makers with scientific and technological advice on safety, security and stability within the EU and beyond. Research, analysis and in-house developed tools support EU policies on border security, including maritime borders ...

    19 January 2015

  11. Agricultural monitoring

    Agricultural monitoring is carried out at the JRC mainly to distinguish, identify and measure the main crop production areas in Europe, estimate production early in the year and check the validity of farmers’ applications for EU subsidies. The European Co ...

    30 April 2014

  12. Crop yield forecasting

    Crop yield forecasts and crop production estimates are necessary at EU and Member State level to provide the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision makers with timely information for rapid decision-making during the growing season. Estimates of cr ...

    30 April 2014

  13. Energy efficiency

    Improving the efficiency with which energy is consumed by end-users is a central theme of the European Union's energy policy. Energy efficiency is one of the fastest and most cost effective ways to reduce CO 2 emissions, contribute to energy security ...

    30 April 2014

  14. Composite indicators

    Indices aggregate multi-dimensional processes into simplified concepts. The JRC has developed methodologies to construct robust composite indicators that can provide policy-makers with the ‘big picture’ on matters that are crucial for the EU, helping to s ...

    24 June 2014

  15. Digital living

    Based on their enabling characteristics, ICTs permit all sectors in society to influence the way we live, work and behave. With citizens becoming active participants in the European Knowledge Society and thus being able to consume and produce digital cont ...

    30 April 2014

  16. Digital economy

    The shift from analogue to digital information technology started more than half a century ago with the invention of the first computers. Over the last two decades, the rapid decline in computing costs, the emergence of the internet as a communication too ...

    19 February 2015

  17. Environmental monitoring

    Environmental monitoring can be described as a programme of recurring, systematic studies that reveals the state of the environment. The specific aspects of the environment to be studied are determined by environmental objectives and environmental legisla ...

    30 April 2014

  18. Agricultural biodiversity

    Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to structural modifications in farming practices and put pressure on the environment, leading to soil deplet ...

    30 April 2014

  19. Best environmental management practice

    Organisations of all sizes and kinds have a large scope for improving their environmental performance. With motivations ranging from eco-efficiency to reputation and concerns about the sustainability of their business, many organisations try to reduce the ...

    30 April 2014

  20. Climate change mitigation

    The EU has a stated objective of limiting global climate change to a temperature increase of 2ºC above preindustrial levels. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported in 2007 that reaching that target would require the reduction of glo ...

    30 April 2014

  21. Forest adaptation to climate change

    Even if emissions are stabilised relatively soon, climate change and its effects will last many years, and adaptation will be necessary. The need for an Adaptation Clearinghouse was identified in the Commission’s 2009 White Paper “ Adapting to climate cha ...

    30 April 2014

  22. Hazards and Risks of climate change impacts

    Due to Climate Change, frequencies of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and heat waves are expected to increase in the future. The JRC works on predicting and making impact assessments of such events. Floods To increase preparedness for floo ...

    30 April 2014

  23. Input-output economics

    Sustainable Production and Consumption can only be addressed by giving due consideration to economic, social and environmental variables. Policies and measures oriented to support growth and employment must be compatible with long-term sustainability and ...

    30 April 2014

  24. Primary isotopic measurements

    Discontinued activity The highest metrological quality of measurements can only be obtained by using primary measurement methods. Isotopic measurements can fulfil the necessary requirements. The JRC uses isotopic techniques to measure reference values for ...

    30 April 2014

  25. Sustainability of climate policies

    In addition to carrying out cost analyses, the overall environmental effectiveness of climate change policies, including low-carbon and carbon-free energy technologies investments, must be assessed. The JRC contributes to the EC Flagship Initiatives Resou ...

    30 April 2014