EU Science Hub

POLES - Prospective Outlook on Long-term Energy Systems

POLES is a global energy model covering the entire energy system, from primary supply (fossil fuels, renewables, ..) to transformation (power, biofuels, hydrogen) and final sectoral demand.  International market and prices of energy fuels are simulated endogenously. Its high level of regional detail (57 countries / regions) and sectoral description allows assessing a wide range of energy and climate policies in all regions within a consistent global frame: access to energy resources, taxation policy, energy efficiency, technological preferences, etc... POLES operates on a yearly basis up to 2050 and is updated yearly with recent information.