We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The JRC's European Union Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing (EURL ECVAM) is conducting a survey to collect scientific opinion on how to assess the relevance and fitness-for-purpose of complex in vitro models such as organ-on-chip devices to understand how to best facilitate their uptake and application in a variety of areas.
According to the May issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring Bulletin, which was published today, warm and relatively dry weather in most of Europe boosted crop development and allowed spring sowing to accelerate, but also brought challenges to winter crops, especially rapeseed.
The JRC contributed to the evaluation of the Healthcare Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (HFMEA) approach applied in the colorectal cancer screening programme organised by the Milan's local health authority. HFMEA was found to be a useful tool for reducing errors in such screening programmes using faecal occult blood tests (FIT).
Since its introduction in 2001, the Healthcare Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (HFMEA) has shown to improve the quality of services in different healthcare areas.
New concepts and guidance for assessing the commutability of reference materials for the use as calibrators in clinical measurements were developed by a working group of the International Federation of Clinical Chemists (IFCC) with contribution of the JRC. The work is relevant for the JRC as it develops and provides a number of clinical reference materials.
Food production and water provision are are two urgent socio-economic and environmental issues in the Mediterranean region. Because these aspects are closely linked, they need to be tackled by an integrated approach known as Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus, with JRC highly engaged.
The European Solar Test Installation (ESTI) has been successfully audited for accreditation to ISO/IEC 17025, a quality management system for test and calibration laboratories. The auditors validated the very high level of expertise and competence of ESTI’s staff and the rigorous high quality procedures that are applied.
New report summarises the outcome of a workshop organised by the Joint Research Centre's EU Reference Laboratory for alternatives to animal testing (EURL ECVAM) and VAC2VAC* partners on the design of multi-centre validation studies.
JRC scientists find in a recently published paper that significant changes in north-western Mediterranean productivity are likely due to climate change in the coming decades.
The Mediterranean Sea is the largest semi-enclosed European sea. Due to its heterogeneity and isolation, it is home to many habitats and high levels of biodiversity, which provide and sustain natural services and resources such as fisheries.
A recent paper illustrates how the effects of climate change threaten biodiversity, local economies, and social and cultural systems in the Arctic, leading in some cases to displacements and complex relocation processes of native coastal communities.
According to the April issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring Bulletin, which was published today, in many parts of Europe, unfavourable weather conditions caused delays to the sowing of spring and summer crops. In most cases, there is still time to complete sowing within a suitable window without significant impact on yields.