EU Science Hub

Science updates

A physically active life is recommended for better health
May 14 2019

The JRC publishes an overview on physical activity related to health in the European Commission's Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Knowledge Gateway. This coincides with the first European Public Health Week.

Physical inactivity is among the leading risk factors for non-communicable diseases and premature mortality.

The Knowledge Gateway, developed by the European Commission, provides decision makers and EU citizens with up-to-date and independent information on many health promotion areas.

The 2019 Refinement gives updated methodological guidance on energy, industry, agriculture, land use and waste emission inventories
May 13 2019

A plenary session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in Kyoto, Japan, today released the 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, which was co-authored and reviewed by the JRC.

This report updates the methodologies to be used by governments to estimate and report their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), as required under the Paris Agreement.

Dams and reservoirs are drastically reducing the benefits that healthy rivers provide to people and nature worldwide
May 12 2019

A recent Nature article that maps the world’s free-flowing rivers shows that the flow of most of the world’s longest rivers has been impeded by man-made constructions such as dams and reservoirs, leading to the rapid decline of some of the most diverse, complex and dynamic ecosystems on the planet.

May 10 2019

JRC scientists – in close collaboration with European and US researchers– have reviewed and developed robust methods and procedures for measuring the accurate size of nanoparticles enabled medicinal products in complex biological environments.

It is important to improve effectiveness and reduce costs to bring nano-technology based medicinal products on the market.

May 09 2019

The European Commission's contribution to the informal EU27 leaders' meeting in Sibiu (Romania) on 9 May 2019 includes quantitative evidence on the impact of the European Fund for Strategic Investments from a recent analysis conducted by the Regional Economic Modelling team of JRC and the Economics Department of the European Investment Bank (EIB).  

New analytical method to verify purity of terephthalate (PBT) used for food contact materials
May 07 2019

JRC scientists have developed an analytical approach for the elucidation of the structure and purity of polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) cyclic oligomers. This work is relevant to ensure safe food contact materials made of PBT.

ASAP hotspot assessment of 6.05.2019
May 07 2019

According to the April edition of the JRC's Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) assessment, which comes at harvest time, the crop production outlook in Southern Africa is strongly impacted by a combination of prolonged drought and two cyclones in less than six weeks.

Meanwhile, large parts of East Africa are facing major rain deficit and high temperatures while still recovering from the 2017 drought and partial failure of the rains during 2018's short wet season.

Main findings of the April global overview:

3Rs Open Day at the University of Milano – Bicocca, Italy
3Rs Open Day at the University of Milano – Bicocca, Italy
May 06 2019

The Open Day was co-organised by the JRC and the University of Milano (Bicocca) as part of an initiative to introduce principles underpinning the Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement (the Three Rs) of animal experiments into university curricula.

This landmark report calls for transformative change to halt the unprecedented and accelerating rate of species extinction
May 06 2019

A global social and ecological emergency has been declared at today's launch of the IPBES Global Assessment of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, the first global biodiversity assessment since 2005.

Prepared by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), the Global Assessment highlights the shocking biodiversity losses suffered over the past 50 years, warns of a bleak outlook for tens of thousands of species, and highlights the threat to humans if the devastation of nature, ecosystems and its services, continues.

Namibia comes out top for its national plans for mainstreaming diversity.
May 02 2019

A recent Biological Conservation article that reviews 144 national biodiversity plans finds that developing countries, particularly those in Africa, score highest in mainstreaming biodiversity, and that developed countries need to do more to acknowledge the value of biodiversity to their production sectors.