We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
A recent Conservation Nature article by global experts, including JRC scientists Luca Montanarella and Alberto Orgiazzi, finds a significant mismatch in global patterns of overlap between aboveground and soil biodiversity.
Biodiversity - the variety of life on the planet - has been in the global spotlight lately, with suggestions of a sixth mass extinction caused by human activities. However, although up to one quarter of terrestrial biodiversity lives in soil, the main focus of attention has mainly been on aboveground biodiversity.
A recent JRC-led article delivers the first pan-European inventory of emissions of chemical priority substances that reach rivers and coastal waters in Europe, from both point (single, easily identified) and diffuse (widespread over an area) sources.
A recently published JRC article on the link between the ecological condition of Europe's water resources and the ecosystem services they provide highlights the need to protect and restore aquatic ecosystems.
The article quantifies and maps the capacity, flow, sustainability and efficiency of the main ecosystem services provided by rivers, lakes and coastal waters in Europe, and analyses their relationship with the ecosystem condition.
The third workshop for the definition of land monitoring services in the framework of the GMES & Africa project was held at the JRC from 18 to 29 March 2019, with the participation of 13 experts from Africa.
A recently published JRC article describes a new modelling framework for quantifying and identifying the human causes of nutrient pollution in the Mediterranean Sea and provides possible solutions for its control.
Pollution from agriculture and wastewater treatment plants will have to be controlled in order to protect the water resources and coastal and marine ecosystems, and to ensure the long-term sustainability of the economic activities and ecosystem services in the region.
The Joint Research Centre, the European Environment Agency and the Directorate-General for Environment joined efforts to deliver a comprehensive report providing methodological guidance to support the strategic deployment of green infrastructure and ecosystem restoration in Europe.
Water purification, storage and drainage, flood mitigation, heat regulation and improved air quality, crop pollination, recreational spaces - these are just some of the fundamental services provided by green infrastructure in urban and rural areas.
The JRC contributed to the soil component of the State of the World's Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture, the first global assessment of biodiversity for food and agriculture worldwide, recently released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Over the past two decades, approximately 20% of the Earth’s vegetated surface has become less productive and most of the species, genes and microorganisms that are the bedrock of food production are ‘severely under threat’.
A recently published JRC-led article presents an innovative way of modelling marine nutrients that better reproduces observed phytoplankton biomass and ecosystem dynamics in productive areas.
Global biodiversity - the variety of plant and animal life on Earth - is a hot topic lately. As we face into the sixth mass extinction in Earth's history, scientists and concerned members of the public look for ways to help preserve and enhance biodiversity, in order to maintain human well-being and a healthy planet.
To efficiently manage global biodiversity, we need some way of recording and measuring biodiversity and how it is changing.
Linking landscape connectivity and the spread of tick-borne Lyme disease
A recent article led by the University of Toronto and co-authored by the JRC examines how wildlife and landscape characteristics interact to influence the spread of Lyme disease.