We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The JRC has prepared an update on pasture conditions in Europe, with a particular focus on regions in central and northern EU countries that have experienced exceptionally dry conditions.
The analysis is based on satellite imagery using observations up to 31 July 2018, and compares the results for 2018 with those of the past, since 1999 (the first year of the observations).
The July edition of the JRC's Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) global overview assessment shows evidence of a drop in cereal production in several countries in the Middle East and Central Asia due to dry conditions.
The harvest in Southern Africa was completed in July. This region also experienced a mixed crop season, with production problems mainly caused by a prolonged early season dry spell. A special alert provides full details.
The European Commission is supporting European farmers in the face of the current extreme drought situations by enabling higher advanced payments and granting more flexibility for farmers to use land that would normally not be used for production, in order to feed their animals, in addition to support under the existing Common Agricultural Policy legislation.
The July issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin Crop monitoring in Europe was published today, alongside the Northern Africa issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series.
The June edition of the JRC's Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) assessment, which was published yesterday, reports that several countries in the Middle East and Central Asia are suffering from dry conditions. Below average crop production is expected in large parts of Southern Africa, while exceptional rainfall and storms have caused floods in Eastern Africa. The crop outlook is good for much of North Africa, Central America and South-East Asia.
Main findings of the June overview
The Russia and Kazakhstan issues of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today.
The June issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin Crop monitoring in Europe was published today, alongside Ukraine edition of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series.
According to the crop monitoring Bulletin for Europe (Vol. 26 No 6), yield forecasts for all winter crops, grain maize, and sunflowers were revised downwards at the EU level, mainly as a consequence of unusually warm and dry conditions in central, eastern and northern Europe. A noteworthy upward revision was made for Spain.
The May edition of the JRC's Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) assessment, which was published on Monday, highlights agricultural production hotspots in East Africa due to heavy rainfall, in the Middle East due to failed sowing activities and high temperatures, and in Southern Africa due to a major early season dry spell.
Main findings of the May overview
The European Commission has today launched a proposal on how to modernise and simplify the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), one of the core policies of the EU.
According to the May issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring Bulletin (JRC MARS Bulletin Vol. 26 No 5), which was published today, warm and relatively dry weather in most of Europe boosted crop development and allowed spring sowing to accelerate, but also brought challenges to winter crops, especially rapeseed.