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The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
According to the January edition of the JRC's Anomaly hot Spots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) assessment, the main areas of concern for crop- and rangeland productivity are currently located in Southern Africa, while a harsh dry season is posing problems for pastoralists in parts of East Africa.
Main findings of the January global overview:
According to the January 2019 issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin, which was published today, winter crops in western and southern Europe have acquired little frost tolerance due to mild winter temperatures so far.
Meanwhile, in central and eastern Europe, the frost tolerance of winter cereals has increased considerably since mid-December, following the arrival of colder wintry weather conditions.
Since the start of winter, frost damage in the EU has been mostly limited to minor occurrences.
According to the December edition of the JRC's Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) assessment, dry conditions during the short rains in East Africa have led to below-average harvests in several countries in the region, whereas, in the southern part of the continent, crop conditions are affected by mid-season dryness. Winter cereal development continues to be favourable in the Middle East and Central Asia, whereas hot and dry conditions need to be monitored closely in North Africa.
According to the December issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin, which was published today, thermal conditions have been much milder than usual.
As a result, the building up of frost tolerance (hardening) of winter wheat started late and seems to be weaker than usual, albeit more advanced than around this time last year, especially in eastern parts of Europe.
According to the November issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin, published yesterday, large parts of central Europe still experience dry soil conditions. Strong rainfall deficits hampered field preparations and sowing operations, with consequences on plant emergence and early crop development.
The sowing window for rapeseed is now closed. Germany, eastern Poland and northern Czechia are expected to experience significant reduction in rapeseed area.
Soft wheat can still be (re)sown in some countries, albeit not optimally.
A JRC article published in Scientific Reports today assesses the quality of wheat forecasts during years with extremely low or high yields, and calls for improvements based on near real-time data fusion.
The Kazakhstan and Russia issues of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today.
According to the Bulletin on Kazakhstan, lower-than-usual temperatures and above-average rainfall in northern and eastern parts of the country affected the yields of spring cereals.
According to the September issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin, which was published today, yield forecasts for spring and summer crops have once again been revised slightly downwards at the EU level.
The outlook for sunflowers and grain maize remains above the five-year average.
Drought conditions persisted in central and eastern Germany and western Poland during August and September.
The Ukraine and Turkey issues of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today.
According to the August issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin (JRC MARS Bulletin Vol 26 No 08), which was published today, yield forecasts for cereals at the EU level were revised downwards for the fourth month in a row. Overall, the yield forecast for grain maize is still above the five-year average due to good performance in south-eastern Europe.