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The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
According to the November issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin, published yesterday, large parts of central Europe still experience dry soil conditions. Strong rainfall deficits hampered field preparations and sowing operations, with consequences on plant emergence and early crop development.
The sowing window for rapeseed is now closed. Germany, eastern Poland and northern Czechia are expected to experience significant reduction in rapeseed area.
Soft wheat can still be (re)sown in some countries, albeit not optimally.
A JRC article published in Scientific Reports today assesses the quality of wheat forecasts during years with extremely low or high yields, and calls for improvements based on near real-time data fusion.
The Kazakhstan and Russia issues of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today.
According to the Bulletin on Kazakhstan, lower-than-usual temperatures and above-average rainfall in northern and eastern parts of the country affected the yields of spring cereals.
According to the September issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin, which was published today, yield forecasts for spring and summer crops have once again been revised slightly downwards at the EU level.
The outlook for sunflowers and grain maize remains above the five-year average.
Drought conditions persisted in central and eastern Germany and western Poland during August and September.
The Ukraine and Turkey issues of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today.
According to the August issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin (JRC MARS Bulletin Vol 26 No 08), which was published today, yield forecasts for cereals at the EU level were revised downwards for the fourth month in a row. Overall, the yield forecast for grain maize is still above the five-year average due to good performance in south-eastern Europe.
The JRC has prepared an update on pasture conditions in Europe, with a particular focus on regions in central and northern EU countries that have experienced exceptionally dry conditions.
The analysis is based on satellite imagery using observations up to 31 July 2018, and compares the results for 2018 with those of the past, since 1999 (the first year of the observations).
The July edition of the JRC's Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) global overview assessment shows evidence of a drop in cereal production in several countries in the Middle East and Central Asia due to dry conditions.
The harvest in Southern Africa was completed in July. This region also experienced a mixed crop season, with production problems mainly caused by a prolonged early season dry spell. A special alert provides full details.
The European Commission is supporting European farmers in the face of the current extreme drought situations by enabling higher advanced payments and granting more flexibility for farmers to use land that would normally not be used for production, in order to feed their animals, in addition to support under the existing Common Agricultural Policy legislation.
The July issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin Crop monitoring in Europe was published today, alongside the Northern Africa issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series.