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The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
Two editions of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today, on Russia and Kazakhstan.
After a successful wintering, frost and a spring rainfall deficit negatively affected the growth of winter cereals in the southern and some western regions of European Russia.
The September issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe - was published today, alongside two editions of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series, on Turkey and Ukraine.
According to the crop monitoring Bulletin for Europe, at EU level, the yield forecasts for all summer crops were revised downwards, most markedly for Romania, Bulgaria and Greece. Overall, the EU-level yield forecast for summer crops is now close to the 5-year average.
According to the August issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, which was published today, the yield forecasts for almost all summer crops in the EU were revised downwards from the July forecast, but remain above or near the 5-year average.
Compared to the figures reported in July, the main downward revisions occurred for summer crops in France, Romania, Bulgaria, Germany, the Benelux countries and Poland.
The July issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe – which was published today, reports that the recent near-average weather conditions, with well-distributed rainfall and relatively few hot spells, have been favourable to crops in many parts of Europe.
However, extreme weather events in much of central Europe, south-western Finland and southern Russia had significant negative impacts, mostly on winter crops.
The Russia and Kazakhstan issues of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today.
The Bulletin on Russia reports that extremely mild temperatures and mostly sufficient precipitation led to the successful overwintering of crops.
While conditions for winter crops were excellent in early spring, severe frost events in April and dry weather conditions during March and April negatively affected winter cereals in south-western regions.
The June issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe - was published yesterday, alongside two editions of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series, on North Africa and Ukraine.
According to the April 2020 issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, which was published today, western Europe experienced one of the driest starts to spring since 1979, after an exceptionally wet winter. Large parts of Poland, Ukraine and Romania have also faced dry conditions since the end of winter.
Winter crops in most of these regions are still in good condition, but more rain is needed to sustain a positive yield outlook. However, the very dry upper soil layers are having a negative impact on the sowing and emergence of spring and summer crops.