We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The FAO and the JRC were given a joint mandate to develop a Guidance Note on monitoring the sustainability of the bioeconomy under the auspices of the International Bioeconomy Forum (IBF). It was published on the occasion of the IBF plenary meeting on 29-30 November. The document outlines ten steps that countries and macro-regions can take to monitor the sustainability of the bioeconomy.
Today is International Day of People with Disabilities. The JRC publishes a set of Public Health Indicators for better monitoring of healthcare needs in children with Cerebral Palsy in Europe.
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is the most common childhood-onset motor disability. It arises from a diverse range of causes and presents with a wide spectrum of disability.
While the popularity of international mobility programs has been increasing, debate continues over what students actually gain from this experience. It is often claimed that these programs provide students with the skills employers look for, which can significantly increase their earnings potential once they enter the work force. However, there is no clear consensus in the literature about this.
A new paper in The Lancet Planetary Health finds that an extra 1 billion people experience water stress at least 1 month per year under high (3.2 billion) compared to low (2.2 billion) environmental flow protection regimes.
This is the first study to quantify the global and national numbers of people to experience periods of water stress under different ecosystem protection (environmental flow) measures.
A recently published JRC report summarises the presentations and discussions from the workshop on the decarbonisation of heavy-duty road transport, held in October 2020. The workshop focussed on technologies that can lead to full decarbonisation of the sector, including being zero-emission at point of use: a key condition to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.
The new TRIMIS website, the European Commission's one-stop-shop for transport research and innovation, has been designed from scratch to provide direct and user-friendly access to information by means of an advanced search hub that enables detailed filtering of data.
TRIMIS contains a vast database of EU and national transport projects and programmes. It also provides sections with transport related news, events, documents and highlights.
The series of IRMM-1027 Large-Sized Dried (LSD) spikes is prepared by the JRC to meet the existing requirements for reliable isotope reference materials for the accountancy measurements of uranium and plutonium by isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) in compliance with the International Target Values for Measurement Uncertainties in Safeguarding Nuclear Materials (ITVs).
According to the November issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, which was published today, continued fair autumn weather in most parts of Europe provided good conditions for farmers to progress with the sowing of winter crops, as well as for the emergence and early development of seedlings.
More harmonisation of analytical methods for microplastic quantification in water is needed to obtain reliable and comparable data, according to an inter-laboratory comparison study organised by the JRC.
Microplastics and possibly also nanoplastics are becoming widely spread throughout the environment. There is a lack of harmonised analytical measurement procedures (including sampling) and quality assurance tools such as validated methods with known performance and reference materials. This complicates the generation of reliable and comparable data.