EU Science Hub

Science updates

Human iPSC-derived neuronal cells (stained for β-III-Tubulin) after 21 days of differentiation Human iPSC-derived neuronal cells (stained for β-III-Tubulin) after 21 days of differentiation
©EU, 2017
Oct 17 2017

JRC scientists have shown that human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived neurons are suitable non-animal models for testing neurotoxicity during brain development. The study revealed that long term exposure to the pesticide rotenone induces oxidative stress and can trigger neuronal cell death.

Reference Materials Reference materials
©EU, 2017
Oct 16 2017

In 2016 the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has published ISO 17034:2016 on the general requirements for the competence of reference material producers (RMPs), superseding ISO Guide 34:2009. The major changes were now summarised in a scientific publication, written by JRC colleagues and ISO representatives.

The need for an International Standard arose as several accreditation bodies could not accredit to a guide, at all, while in other countries ISO Guide 34 could only serve as accreditation standard in combination with ISO/IEC 17025.

Eutrophication is caused by high nutrient concentrations that stimulate algal blooms of algae, which can deprive aquatic ecosystems of much needed oxygen
©Fotolia, Author: Alexey Stiop
Oct 13 2017

Eutrophication and its detrimental effects on coastal ecosystems is one of the biggest issues in many regions of the world. Human activities and climatic change are the most important drivers of eutrophication, leading to harmful algal blooms and the proliferation of hypoxic conditions in many coastal ecosystems.

Meeting of the EU Network of Laboratories for the Validation of Alternative Methods (EU-NETVAL) 10-11th October 2017 Meeting of the EU Network of Laboratories for the Validation of Alternative Methods (EU-NETVAL) 10-11th October 2017
©EU, 2017
Oct 13 2017

EU-NETVAL is a large network of highly qualified test facilities across Europe, coordinated by the Joint Research Centre to support the in vitro method validation process.

Recommendations to delete or replace animal tests for quality control of biologicals Recommendations to delete or replace animal tests for quality control of biologicals
©EU, 2017
Oct 13 2017

International experts,  including JRC scientists,  recommend as outcome of special workshop the deletion or replacement of specific animal tests for the quality control of medicinal products, in particular biologicals (e.g. hormones, vaccines, immunoglobulins, blood products).

Samples used for the intercomparison on dry ice
©EU, 2017
Oct 12 2017

The JRC,  together with  scientists from Dutch, German and Danish organisations, organised an interlaboratory study to investigate the readiness of single-particle ICP-MS for the determination of the median diameter of silver nanoparticles in food. The study revealed that significant improvements are needed before the method can be reliably used for official control purposes.

HUMAINT project
Oct 10 2017

The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is very happy to announce a novel research initiative on the topic of machine learning and human behaviour.

The JRC Centre for Advanced Studies (JRC-CAS) was established to enhance the JRC’s capabilities to meet emerging challenges at the science-policy interface.

Tuna schools tend to aggregate in hotspots of marine productivity that are detected from space. Tuna schools tend to aggregate in hotspots of marine productivity that are detected from space.
©Fotolia, author: Richard Carey
Oct 10 2017

In a new publication in Frontiers in Marine Sciences, a group of international scientists, led by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), developed habitat predictions for skipjack tuna feeding.

Those predictions can help monitor the dynamics of the population and guide the fisheries deployment and intensity.

Skipjack tuna currently accounts for about 60% of the annual global tuna catch, making it the third most fished species globally (FAO, 2014).

Identification of in vitro biomarkers to screen chemicals for potential cardiotoxicity in humans Identification of in vitro biomarkers to screen chemicals for potential cardiotoxicity in humans
©EU, 2017
Oct 10 2017

JRC scientists have studied in vitro short and long-term effects of a model cardiotoxicant on mitochondrial function of human cardiomyocytes with the ultimate aim of defining biomarkers that could help in predicting potential cardiotoxic effects induced by chemicals upon acute and repeat dosing.

NOS helps model the extent to which the nodes of ecological networks tend to overlap or segregate
©Strona and Veech, 2017
Oct 06 2017

A new, free software suite for the analysis of ecological networks has been released.

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