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The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
According to the August issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, which was published today, the yield forecasts for almost all summer crops in the EU were revised downwards from the July forecast, but remain above or near the 5-year average.
Compared to the figures reported in July, the main downward revisions occurred for summer crops in France, Romania, Bulgaria, Germany, the Benelux countries and Poland.
By contrast, the yield forecast for soybeans was revised upwards, as very favourable conditions prevailed in northern Italy and Hungary.
Large parts of western and northern central Europe have been affected by a rain deficit since the beginning of July.
Temperatures increased in these regions at the end of July, and a heatwave of seven to ten consecutive days occurred in the first half of August.
The combination of limited water supply and high temperatures negatively affected summer crops, with expected reductions in yields.
In southern Ukraine and eastern parts of Romania and Bulgaria, the return of drought conditions negatively impacted summer crops, leading to the early senescence of maize and sunflower crops.
In contrast, summer crops benefited from a surplus of precipitation in many other parts of central Europe, eastern Italy, and western Romania.
The JRC invites companies and businesses in the production, distribution, processing, wholesale or retail stages of the agri-food supply chain and associations that serve or represent their interest to participate in its survey on the impact of COVID-19 on the EU’s agricultural-food supply chain by 30 September 2020.
Your responses can help provide relevant evidence to EU policymaking.