EU Science Hub

Environment and climate change

Protection of the environment for future generations and efforts to limit the impacts of climate change are of the utmost importance in European and world policy. The international community has agreed that global warming should be kept below 2ºC compared to the temperature in pre-industrial times in order to mitigate the impacts of climate change. In addition to the obvious advantages, meeting the environmental and resource-efficiency challenges will bring about socio-economic benefits in terms of human health and well-being, as well as initiating growth and creating jobs.

Within the context of the EU 2030 framework for climate and energy and of the European Commission's strategy on adaptation to climate change, the JRC carries out research to mitigate the effects of climate change and to preserve the environment through its analysis of natural resources such as raw materials and soil, its monitoring of land degradation and desertification, by developing information systems on forests and forest fires, monitoring air quality, and integrated impact and sustainability assessment of EU policies.

As the science and knowledge service of the European Commission, the JRC supports the policy-makers in the Directorates-General for Climate Action and for the Environment. Other policies which the JRC underpins with scientific advice include the Water Framework Directive and its related directives such as the Blueprint to safeguard Europe's water resources, the Air Quality Directives, Europe's climate and energy package for 2020 and the 2050 Roadmap.

To read more about the European Commission's environment policies, take a look at the Directorate-General for the Environment's website.

To read more about the European Commission's climate action, take a look at the Directorate-General for Climate Action's website.