EU Science Hub


Building a fair and well-functioning society is a political priority for the European Union.

The importance of fairness in the political agenda is reflected by the adoption of the European Pillar of Social Rights in 2017.

To provide a wider evidence base that can enhance EU policy aiming to achieve this goal, the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) has embarked on a multi-year cross-national research project to study different aspects of fairness.

The research topics addressed include: the distribution of income across and within EU Member States as well as the fairness related impact of tax and social benefits systems; the dynamics of social mobility across and within generations; the drivers of inequalities and fairness perceptions; and the determinants of civic and social behaviours.

The first year of this multi-year research project (2017) was landmarked by the

To disseminate the findings of the multi-year research project, the JRC publishes a series of science for policy briefs and working papers on various aspects of fairness. A second fairness report will be published in 2019.