EU Science Hub


Building a fair and well-functioning society is a political priority for the European Union.

The importance of fairness in the political agenda is reflected by the adoption of the European Pillar of Social Rights in 2017 and also by the Political priorities of the Commission 2019-2024.

To provide a wider evidence base that can enhance EU policy aiming to achieve this goal, the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) has embarked on a multi-year cross-national research project to study different aspects of fairness.

The research topics addressed include: the distribution of income across and within EU Member States as well as the fairness related impact of tax and social benefits systems; the dynamics of social mobility across and within generations; the drivers of inequalities and fairness perceptions; and the determinants of civic and social behaviours.

The first four years of this multi-year research project were landmarked by the

To disseminate the findings of the multi-year research project, the JRC publishes a series of science for policy briefs and working papers on various aspects of fairness.

The Fairness Community of Practice regularly organises events on fairness relevant topics.