EU Science Hub

Research Topics

The JRC aims to provide a solid and comprehensive understanding of energy security in support of EU policy, notably in relation to fossil fuels (mainly gas and oil) and power systems.

Science Areas:

The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well as security of energy supply.

There is thus an urgent need for energy technology innovation with high performing, innovative, low carbon and cost-effective technologies so that the energy system of today can transform in order to establish energy sustainability, competitiveness and security by 2020 and beyond.

Innovation is key for energy technologies to reach adequate cost competitiveness and performance characteristics.

Science Areas:

The 'Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge' (E-TRACK) is a joint initiative agreed between the Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) for the promotion of public participation in the implementation of energy policies. It results from the recognition of the need to offer a reliable source of information on matters relating to energy policy implementation.


Science Areas:

The JRC monitors the state and health of the environment by addressing a range of aspects including monitoring the state of biodiversity and ecosystem services, the level of pollution in air and water, and drought and flood events in Europe. 


The JRC supports the aim of building European confidence in the Digital Society by ensuring it is both ethically balanced and by highlighting the potential security aspects associated with it.

Science Areas:

EHRO-N was established in 2011, in the framework of the EURATOM treaty, to determine the situation of nuclear-educated Human Resources, skills and competences in Europe, assess the trends and suggest policy options for improvement.

The JRC carries out policy analysis and develops economic modelling tools in support to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy.

The JRC is providing dedicated support to the EU’s goals of improving the economic and monetary union’s fiscal governance while fostering more sustainable levels of growth and employment. In this context the JRC provides expertise in modelling and development of models, assessing impacts of policy changes and macroeconomic analysis.

The JRC expertise in modelling supports Commission services dealing with financial markets regulation, competition and taxation policies. The SYMBOL model (Systemic Model of Banking Originated Losses), developed by the JRC contributes to evaluating the impacts of proposed legislation on banking regulation.

The JRC supports European authorities in monitoring forest fires through an integrated information system that helps to predict and forecast fires and provide post-fire monitoring and evaluation of soil, gas emissions and vegetation.