JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC is committed to supporting the EU in limiting global climate change. For example, it provides expertise in modelling and evaluation of different energy scenarios, black carbon assessment, land use change and carbon capture and storage.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate, mitigation
  2. The JRC provides support to the implementation of the EU’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive using modelling simulations, remote sensing data, dissemination of datasets as well as assisting the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries to sustainably manage their marine resources.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: sea, environment
  3. JRC carries out a significant amount of research, and provides the EU with support in the area of illicit trafficking of nuclear including prevention, detection and response actions to illicit trafficking.


    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security
    Keywords: nuclear, safeguards, security
  4. The JRC’s expertise in the area of composite indicators enable it to supply evidence-based assessment of EU policies and monitor their progress.


    Science Areas: Innovation and growth
    Keywords: indicator
  5. Consumers are in daily contact with a variety of products such as cosmetics, kitchenware or textiles. The safety of these is of primary concern for producers and legislators. The European Commission aims at the highest possible level of consumer protection without hampering innovation.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: consumer
  6. Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation.

    At European level a comprehensive package of policy measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has been initiated through the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP).


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate, mitigation, impact assessment
  7. The JRC's research on counterfactual impact evaluation provides essential insights into whether policy objectives are met and also looks at the resource efficiency of policy, particularly in the areas of employment and economics.


    Science Areas: Innovation and growth
    Keywords: econometrics, statistics
  8. Crisis management research at the JRC includes the development of crisis management technologies, satellite image processing and analysis and internet surveillance systems to support the EU's capacity to prevent, prepare for and respond to disasters.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: crisis
  9. Critical infrastructures include power grids, the transport network and information and communication systems. Protection of these infrastructures is vital for the security of the EU and the well-being of its citizens.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: infrastructure, security
  10. The scientific relevance, independence and timeliness of JRC crop yield forecast products and data are guaranteed by JRC crop forecasting research. The JRC's Monitoring Agricultural ResourceS (MARS) Unit carries out much of this research.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, monitoring