We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The JRC supports the EU’s sustainable development work through research such as helping to improve the environmental impact of industry and organisations, assisting the implementation of the Waste Framework Directive by proposing the definition of end-of-waste criteria, and evaluating the impacts of various policies at the regional level.
In support of the EU’s objective to reduce the overall pollution of industrial production processes and improvement of their environmental performance, the JRC helps define best available techniques by developing Best Available Technique Reference Documents (BREFs).
The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achieving this goal. Alternative fuels like biofuels and non-polluting energy sources, notably hydrogen, are also pathways towards a more sustainable mobility.
The JRC supports EU member state authorities in evaluating, analysing and preparing for the risks posed by chemical or industrial accidents triggered by natural disasters (Natechs). The support includes the management of a database of these accidents as well as the development of a mapping tool that allows authorities to more accurately identify Natech-prone areas.
The JRC is supporting the EU transport safety policy in all transport modes: road, aviation, maritime and rail. Research activities include the development and management of accidents and incidents reporting systems for the aviation, maritime and railways domains, assuring the security and trustworthiness of the digital tachograph, developing innovative radar systems for maritime surveillance and safety and innovative solutions to enhance the security of containers.
The JRC supports the EU’s initiative to reduce waste and preserve limited resources by for example, assessing waste streams with a potential for being used in other processes, conducting end-of-waste studies – generating the first end-of-waste criteria – and working on improving materials resource management.
The JRC supports numerous pieces of European legislation regarding water. This includes research on water quality and quantity, contamination, irrigation, and preservation of marine and freshwater ecosystems. In addition, it fosters sustainable management of water resources within Europe (such as in the Danube region) and on a global scale through the sharing of best practices and technology transfer.
The JRC provides scientific support to the implementation of European policies that aim to ensure the preservation of freshwater ecosystems through ecological assessment, modelling expertise and studies addressing biodiversity loss.