EU Science Hub

Research Topics

The JRC has a strong expertise on nuclear accident modelling, hence it created in 2012 the Nuclear Reactor Accident Analysis and Modelling (NURAM) team to reinforce research and collaboration in the field of Severe Accidents for Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs).

Nuclear data Measurement Programme

The JRC is by far the largest provider of neutron data in the European Union which is used when evaluating the safety and risks related to operation of nuclear power plants, nuclear waste management, or new concepts of nuclear power production.

Nuclear fuel safety is the basic component of all safety requirements associated with nuclear energy production. The ultimate goal is to ensure that fuel rods in the reactor core will fulfil their main safety function, which consists of retaining all radionuclides, while generating energy. 

For nuclear knowledge management, training and education, the JRC has set up a number of projects (including CAPTURE) to help harmonise nuclear skills and contribute to nuclear education, training and knowledge management.

The JRC carries out research in the field of nuclear materials under extreme conditions in order to understand and reliably predict the behaviour of these materials.

Reliable measurements of α, β and γ radiation are of great importance for environmental monitoring, medical treatment and nuclear safeguards.

JRC research on nuclear safeguards includes technical services and training for nuclear safeguards, non proliferation and nuclear security, as well as the verification of treaties and agreements.

Nuclear safeguards and security measures aim to stop the proliferation of nuclear arms and illicit trafficking of nuclear and radiological materials. The JRC supports the European Commission’s work in this field and collaborates with international partners.

Nuclear safety research at the JRC encompasses both the safety of the reactors and of nuclear fuel itself. Research includes initiatives such as the EU's Clearinghouse, resources like the European Atlas of Natural Radiation (EANR), and collaborations with the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA).

The JRC’s work on the nuclear science base for standardisation includes neutron data, targeted alpha therapy which helps with the fight against cancer, fundamental properties and behaviour and actinides, and structural and nuclear materials.